Countries and regions in recovery face the challenge of meeting a broad range of immediate, medium- and long-term needs across the humanitarian, security, political, peace building and socio-economic development spectrum.
This includes establishing a political process that can foster and sustain a political settlement; an effective and accountable security sector; increased access to judicial systems; economic foundations that can generate employment and livelihood opportunities; equitable service delivery and access to basic services; trust in institutions and an assessment of main reconstruction and construction needs. Addressing the needs of displaced populations, structural gender inequalities, youth empowerment, and violent extremism are also concerns.
Without a standardized process for assessing these needs and planning recovery, affected populations may be left underserved due to confused and conflicting recovery initiatives. The purpose of an RPBA is to:
- help governments identify, prioritize and sequence recovery and peace building activities
- provide an inclusive process to support political dialogue and participation of stakeholders
- coordinate international support through a joint exercise and monitoring system
Strategically, the RPBA provides an evidence-based assessment of recovery and peacebuilding requirements, a platform for consensus building and prioritization, and a mechanism for identifying implementation and financing arrangements.
An RPBA is an on-going process of gathering and analyzing information through consultation, consensus and partnership building, which can inform the response – not a one-time data collection exercise or a sectoral needs assessment.
As part of the 2008 Joint Declaration on Post-Crisis Assessments and Recovery Planning, the EU, UN, and WBG committed to providing joint support to assessing, planning, and mobilizing support for recovery, peace building, reconstruction and development in countries affected by crises. In conflict-affected contexts, this is accomplished through the joint Recovery and Peace Building Assessment (RPBA). The agreement represents a commitment on the part of the three organizations to work together in support of national ownership of the recovery and peace building process, and to coordinate the broader international response to crises. Between 2003 and 2016, approximately 17 joint assessments have been conducted.
Central African Republic (2016)
The Central African Republic (CAR), one of the poorest and most fragile countries in the world, now has the opportunity to usher in a period of peace, stability and sustainable development. Given the country’s extensive recovery needs, a Recovery and Peace Building Assessment (RPBA), was prepared jointly by the Government of CAR, the World Bank, the United Nations and the European Union. It identified urgent needs at $120 per capita, more than twice the actual aid provided in 2012 and includes measures aimed at strengthening security, supporting political reconciliation and inclusion and boosting economic recovery. The government adapted the RPBA as their national plan for recovery and peacebuilding, which was presented at the international donor conference for financing in Brussels in November 2016.
Central African Republic RPBA
North East Nigeria (2015–2016)
Under the Nigerian government’s leadership, the WBG, the United Nations, and EU carried out an RPBA to assess the needs of the nearly 15 million people in the country’s north eastern region impacted by Boko Haram violence. This included extensive data collection, dialogue and stakeholder consultation. The assessment highlighted three strategic areas of intervention: peace building, stability and social cohesion; infrastructure and social services; and economic recovery.
The Government of Nigeria has incorporated the findings of the RPBA into its master plan for the North East, the Buhari Plan. In addition, the RPBA has transitioned into the North East Nigeria Recovery and Stabilization Program, which will operationalize the findings of the RPBA, translating it into an effective implementation strategy for recovery and peace building across social, economic and infrastructure recovery, restoration and reconstruction. The program will include an institutional framework for implementation, coordination, quality assurance and monitoring and evaluation of the recovery program, as well as a plan to mobilize funding.
In mid-2014, the government of Ukraine requested technical assistance and financial support from the international community to assess and plan priority recovery and peace building efforts in the conflict-affected regions of eastern Ukraine.
Following a joint EU, UN, and WBG scoping mission to Ukraine that took place from September 29 to October 3, 2014, the mission assessed the county’s recovery and peace building needs. The Eastern Ukraine RPBA was launched in October 2014 as a two-stage process. In light of the continuing conflict, an initial rapid assessment was done covering areas under government control. The rapid assessment provides an analytical and programmatic baseline for recovery efforts, identifies urgent interventions, and provides a basis for scaling up the responses as needs evolve on the ground. As a result of the RPBA a specialized government agency was established to implement identified priorities.
Last Updated: Feb 15, 2017