In Bangladesh, the Bank is helping to modernize brick kilns to reduce air pollution, mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, and increase productivity. Carbon emission reduction credits generated by the project are helping improve working conditions, protect people’s health and provide better pay for workers.
Through policy-based loans in Peru (completed at the end of 2016), Bank supported reforms helped improve air quality in the country’s largest cities by reducing the content of sulfur in diesel, converting vehicles so they can run on natural gas instead of other polluting fuels, and setting up a system to ensure that vehicles’ emissions are within permissible limits. The same program also supported the establishment and strengthening of the organizations that are responsible for developing and implementing environmental policies in Peru.
In Peru, a project to develop environmental information systems will expand the country's air quality monitoring network to six new cities (Trujillo, Chiclayo, Iquitos, Huancayo, Cusco and Piura). The project also funds the construction of a government laboratory to test samples from its stations and to provide calibration and quality control of third-party labs. Finally, the project is developing new systems to disseminate this information to the public.
In Morocco, the Bank supported the adoption of policies to reduce the emission of air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions by: i) installing energy efficiency requirements in 400,000 m2 of new buildings; ii) fostering the development of energy from renewable sources; and iii) reducing fossil fuel subsidies that primarily benefit high income households and result in overconsumption of polluting fuels. The Bank is also supporting the development of cleaner economic activities, both by reducing pollution from industries and by creating opportunities in environmentally friendly sectors, such as eco-tourism.
Working jointly with client countries, the Bank also carries out analytical work to identify environmental priorities for poverty alleviation. Among the analytical work completed recently, the Bank worked with Pakistan, whose cities have some of the world's least healthy air, to develop policy options for combatting air pollution.
Curbing Air Pollution in Ulaanbaatar
Cleaner Cookstoves for a Healthier Indonesia
Bangladesh Clean Air & Sustainable Environment
Clean Air and Healthy Lungs: Enhancing the World Bank's Approach to Air Quality Management.
Laos: First Green Growth DPO
Colombia: Second Sustainable Development and Green Growth DPO
The Bank is assisting Argentina with an ambitious integrated plan for the cleanup and sustainable development of the Matanza-Riachuelo River basin. The project is building a large wastewater collector on the left bank of the Riachuelo River, which will transport sewage to different treatment plants, thereby avoiding direct discharge into the river. The project is also constructing an 11.5-kilometer outfall that will lead to Río de la Plata. Additionally, the Integral Sanitation Plan will expand and/or build several treatment plants throughout the basin and construct waterfall aeration stations. These large-scale engineering works are crucial for the health of 7 million people living in the area, of whom at least 10 percent live below the national poverty line.
In China, the Bank helped clean up the Pearl River system in fast-growing Guangdong province by expanding waste water treatment capacities in the cities of Foshan and Jiangmen—an action that directly benefited 1.7 million residents in the project areas. Pollution reduction and water quality improvement in the Pearl River Delta waterways have also contributed to the welfare of the people who live downstream of the project area.
In Vietnam, the Industrial Pollution Control Program is helping improve compliance with industrial wastewater treatment in four of the most industrialized provinces in the country. To achieve this objective, the World Bank is supporting the Vietnamese government to strengthen environmental policy, monitoring, and enforcement, and is providing funds to construct and expand wastewater treatment infrastructure.
In Romania, under the World Bank-supported Integrated Nutrient Pollution Control Project rural communities around the country are being equipped with essential tools needed to improve livestock manure management and prevent nitrates and other dangerous minerals from contaminating Romania’s soil and water supplies.
Kazakhstan Nura River Cleanup Project
Controlling pollution in Croatia’s Coastal Waters
Wastewater treatment and landfills ease pollution in China’s Yangtze River
Cleaner Production in Pakistan's Leather and Textile Sectors
Azerbaijan: Absheron Lakes Cleanup and Rehabilitation
Brazil: Fortaleza Sustainable Urban Development Project
Philippines: Metro Manila Flood Management
Togo: Urban Infrastructure Project
Vietnam: Coastal Cities Sustainable Environment Project
Integrated Waste Management and Remediation of Hazardous Waste Sites
In Zambia, a Bank loan is assisting the Government to reduce environmental health risks to the local population in critically polluted mining areas in Chingola, Kabwe, Kitwe, and Mufulira municipalities, including lead exposure in Kabwe municipality.
In Morocco, the World Bank has supported the modernization of waste management, including at sites like Oum Azza, near Rabat, where traditional trash-pickers now operate a recycling collective in improved conditions.
In Africa, a $25 million program has removed over 3,000 tons of obsolete and dangerous pesticides from close to 900 contaminated sites in Ethiopia, Mali, Tanzania, Tunisia and South Africa.
In Belarus, the Bank worked with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection to develop its capacity to treat and dispose of hazardous waste. The Bank supported a massive cleanup operation at the Slonim burial site, which excavated and disposed of up to 1,750 tons of toxic obsolete pesticides.
Cleaning up Uranium in Argentina
Ridding Moldova of Toxic Chemicals
Kazakhstan Kamenogorsk Environmental Remediation
Montenegro Industrial Waste Management
China: Hunan Integrated Management of Agricultural Land Pollution Project
India: Uttar Pradesh Solid Waste Management Project
Mexico: National Integrated Solid Waste Management Project
What A Waste: A Global Review of Solid Waste Management [Update]