Romania has one of the highest poverty rates in the EU. The share of Romanians at risk of poverty after social transfers increased from 22.9% in 2012 to 25.4% in 2015. However, the share of the population at risk of poverty and social exclusion decreased from 43.2% in 2012 to 37.4% in 2015.
The Human Capital Index quantifies the contribution of health and education to the productivity of the next generation of workers. Countries can use it to assess how much income they are foregoing because of human capital gaps, and how much faster they can turn these losses into gains if they act now.