In Brazil, the World Bank is supporting the government in better managing and conserving the Cerrado forest, the second largest biome in South America, which is being deforested twice as quickly as the Amazon due to land clearing for agriculture and cattle ranching. The Cerrado is a driver of economic growth and important for food security, biodiversity conservation, water regulation and carbon sequestration. Investments underway are addressing drivers of deforestation by clarifying land rights, making agricultural production more sustainable, providing monitoring and information, and building capacity to detect, prevent and fight forest fires. Results to date include:
· More than 32,000 landholdings covering 700,000 hectares have been formally registered,
· 70,000 hectares of degraded pasture lands have been restored,
· 2,000 people have been trained to manage forest fires, and
· 1,600 farmers have received technical assistance for low carbon agriculture practices.
In China, the Shandong Ecological Afforestation Project (2010-2016) planted trees on 66,915 hectares of barren mountainous slopes and saline coastal areas, increasing forest cover, reducing soil erosion, and improving the environment and biodiversity. The project has:
· Developed and demonstrated effective and scalable afforestation models for environmentally degraded areas
· Generated additional incomes for 26,556 farm households
· Reduced soil erosion by 68% and provided an example for forest-based carbon sequestration.
· Established 84,000 hectares of project model plantations on degraded and saline sites outside the project area.
In Mozambique, the forestry sector employs 22,000 people and accounts for nearly three percent of GDP. Around 140,000 hectares of forest are lost each year and the World Bank is supporting the government in mobilizing resources to sustainably manage the forest sector through an integrated forest and landscape management portfolio. Through technical assistance, on-the-ground investments, results-based finance, and analytical work, the portfolio is:
· Investing in the livelihoods of thousands of small- and medium-size landholders,
· Improving the sustainability of timber, charcoal and agricultural production,
· Strengthening land rights and land use planning,
· Restoring degraded lands,
· Reducing deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions,
· Tackling wildlife poaching, and
· Conserving biodiversity.
In Mexico, where some 80% of forests are owned by indigenous and other communities, the World Bank has been supporting the Government with a series of projects that have increased sustainable forest management, forest-related jobs, and the net value of forest goods and services. Since 2012, this effort has been extended to all 32 states in Mexico, supporting an additional 1,000 communities and bringing 2 million hectares of forests under sustainable management. The $460 million Forest and Climate Change project in Mexico taps multiple sources of forest finance to strengthen community institutions and knowledge of forest management and conservation while also developing alternative sustainable sources of income, including through REDD+.
Similar support in Lao PDR resulted in over 400,000 people benefiting from improved management of 1.3 million hectares of forests.
In Vietnam, more than 43,000 households have received access to micro finance and technical support to establish over 76,500 hectares of forest plantations under a World Bank-supported project from 2005-2015.
In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Pro-Route project reduced potential negative impacts on forests from rehabilitating a road through a forest-smart development approach that included participatory mapping of existing forest use, support for income-generating activities, and improved agricultural productivity to reduce agricultural expansion..
In the Republic of Congo, a recently finalized roadmap for balancing mining development and forest conservation supports land use planning for forest-smart development outcomes.
In Senegal, the Sustainable Participatory Energy Management Project (PROGEDE by its French acronym) helped combat Senegal’s rapidly growing demand for household fuels and the associated degradation of forests and the rural environment. The Sustainable Woodfuels Supply Management Component of the project directly benefited some 250,000 people and established a sustainable incremental income from wood and non-wood products of about $12.5 million per year, equivalent to $40,000 on average per participating village. Of that amount more than $3.7 million (30 percent) resulted from women-led economic activities.
In Liberia, the World Bank, through the Program on Forests, helped roll out a "chain of custody" system that tracks timber from forests to the point of export through barcodes and data forms. That system combated illegal logging and assisted in securing more than $27 million in net tax revenue for the state in 2008–2012. The Liberia Forest Sector Project is building on this success to further strengthen governance and institutions.
In Belarus, the World Bank provided support for the formulation of policies and strategic planning underpinning the development of the country’s afforestation capacity, yielding an increase in forested areas from 35 percent of the country’s territory in 1994 to over 39 percent in 2013. The Bank also supported activities against illegal logging and associated forest-product sales.
In Kazakhstan, the Forest Protection and Reforestation Project rehabilitated more than 46,000 hectares of forest degraded by extensive forest fires, installed a new state-of-the-art fire detection system, and established new community-based forest management approaches.
In Moldova, where the majority of poor communities depend on agriculture for their livelihoods, the Moldova Agriculture Competitiveness Project is increasing the use of sustainable land management practices like forestry shelter belts, which can limit soil erosion and sequester carbon, while contributing to greater returns for farmers.
Last Updated: Oct 05,2018