In Brazil, World Bank budget support for sustainable environmental management resulted in a 40% decrease in annual average deforestation rate during 2008–2010 compared to the rate in 2005–2007. In addition, World Bank co-financing of the Amazon Region Protected Areas Project resulted in the protection of 20,250 km2.
In Mexico, where some 80 percent of forests are owned by indigenous and other communities, the World Bank helped fund a project to strengthen community forestry by improving forest management plans. A project evaluation found that between 2003 and 2008, jobs had increased by 27% in targeted communities and ejidos, while the net value of forest goods and services they produced increased by 36%. In 2011 the coverage of this support was extended to all 32 states in Mexico. By late 2012, similar support in Lao PDR resulted in over 400,00 people (50% were women) benefiting from improved management of 1.3 million hectares of forests.
In the Congo Basin, which is home to the world’s second largest moist tropical forest, dialogue and engagement with client countries has led to progress in the way forest rights are allocated. For example, in Cameroon, legal and regulatory reforms that were part of a wider concession reform effort resulted in the first legal recognition of community forests in any part of West Africa. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, a legal review of concessions led to a significant reduction in the area under concession management, to 9.7 million ha in 2008, from 43.5 million ha in 2002. At the same time, steps were taken to bring communities into decision-making processes in forest management, to clarify the rights of traditional forest users. And in Gabon, around 4.7 million ha in forest concessions were cancelled, creating the opportunity to develop new approaches to sustainable forest management.
In Liberia, the World Bank, through the Program on Forests, stepped in to co-finance the roll out of a "chain of custody" system that tracks timber from extracted from the largest remaining blocks of Upper Guinea forests to the point of export through barcodes and data forms. That system assisted in securing more than $27 million in net tax revenue for the state in 2008–2012.
In Ethiopia’s Great Rift Valley, the World Bank partnered with World Vision to pilot an approach that was both integrated and inclusive and led to large-scale landscape restoration with significant livelihood and resilience outcomes. Forest cooperatives were created to oversee the reforestation of the Humbo mountain area by encouraging natural regeneration and limiting wood, charcoal and fodder extraction, while creating opportunities for additional income. The restored project area provides protection against dangerous landslides and improved water availability for more than 65,000 people. The project is expected to sequester over 880,000 metric tonnes of carbon dioxide-equivalent over 30 years, with the World Bank purchasing 165,000 metric tonnes worth of carbon credits through its BioCarbon Fund.
In Albania, the World Bank worked with the government on a forest project that showcased the benefits of this landscape approach. By integrating forest, pasture, and agriculture management, the Bank-backed initiative led to reduced carbon emissions, the protection of important watersheds, and an increase of 28 percent in incomes in some areas from forests and agriculture. The project was successful in bringing more than 775,000 ha of land under the management of local communities.
Last Updated: Mar 26,2014