In India, the World Bank is strengthening Kerala’s resilience against natural disasters, climate change impacts, disease outbreaks, and pandemics. The state has suffered multiple landslides and floods over the past decade. The 2018 monsoons - the worst in a century – triggered devastating floods and landslides, affecting over 5.4 million people, displacing 1.4 million, and resulting in financial losses of US$3.74 billion. A state level programmatic series of World Bank operations has since supported cross-sectoral investments in Kerala’s resilience, recovery, and rebuilding, including after the COVID-19 pandemic. The current phase – the Resilient Kerala Program, is investing US$125 million in embedding resilience in key economic sectors, including through integrated and sustainable water and land management, and a shift to climate-smart agriculture. It also supports the establishment of an IT-enabled One Health platform that will strengthen coordination, joint surveillance, and preparedness to counter future zoonotic disease outbreaks.
In Rwanda, the World Bank is helping the municipal government in the city of Kigali integrate ecosystem services into urban planning, through technical assistance to develop a comprehensive, evidence-based stormwater management master plan, and through investments in integrated ‘gray’ and ‘green’ infrastructure solutions that reduce runoff along human settlements and restore the flood attenuation capacity and water quality of the wetlands. With support of a grant from the Global Environment Facility (FED), wetland restoration is being piloted on 194 hectares, and is expected to improve climate resilience and urban livelihoods for more than 250,000 people exposed to increasingly frequent flood events.
As part of the GEF-funded, World Bank-led Global Wildlife Program covering Africa, Asia and Latin America, 19 countries across Africa are working together to combat the illegal wildlife trade – widely reported as the world’s fourth largest crime. The program is designed to work across wildlife trafficking chains from source to demand, in parallel with promoting wildlife-based economies that benefit local communities. Through efforts to halt poaching, address human wildlife conflict, scale up sustainable land and forest management, and develop nature-based tourism, World Bank projects in Chad, Gabon, Malawi, the Republic of Congo, South Africa, and Zambia are protecting flagship species such as elephants and rhino, improving the management of 9.5 million hectares, restoring over 100,000 hectares, and benefitting 680,000 people through diversified and resilient livelihoods that are consistent with wildlife conservation.
The World Bank is helping Morocco realize the full potential of its rich blue assets in the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, which contribute substantially to GDP and jobs in the country, and are essential to attaining a sustainable, resilient, and inclusive economy as part of COVID recovery efforts. The WBG supports institutional frameworks and coordination amongst multiple ministries and provides targeted investments to strengthen two key blue sectors - tourism and fisheries. The project promotes climate-resilient and sustainable integrated management to restore 78,270 hectares of marine and coastal areas, with a focus on creating jobs and improving biodiversity management in seven selected sites. Notably, it will also promote Moroccan tourism through better environmental monitoring and protection of its beaches, inter alia. These efforts build upon the recently-adopted legal framework for integrated coastal zones management, and support the WBG Climate Change Action Plan (2021–2025) to ensure a coherent approach in aligning the country’s development and climate change goals.
In Vietnam, the World Bank has finalized and launched the Plastics Pollution Diagnostics report, which identified the top 10 most common plastic items in river and coastal sites in Vietnam. This strengthened the government’s understanding of key sources of land-based plastic pollution to inform the implementation of their National Action Plan on the Management of Marine Plastic Litter. A related report, Toward a National Single-use Plastics Roadmap in Vietnam, proposes a gradual effort to combat this pollution through a mix of policy instruments. The World Bank has also provided analytical support to improve marine plastic waste management in Vietnam’s fisheries sector. Furthermore, a joint World Bank and IFC team paved the way for private sector solutions in plastics recycling via value-chain diagnostics and public-private dialogue, and ultimately catalyze investments. The World Bank is undertaking a mid-to-long term programmatic engagement to support Vietnam to move towards a modern, integrated, and sustainable solid waste management system at affordable costs.
Last Updated: Sep 15,2023