Skip to Main Navigation


The triple environmental crises of climate change, nature loss, and pollution are bringing the planet to dangerous tipping points and threatening to reverse decades of development progress. Economic development and growth cannot longer happen at the expense of the planet’s natural capital. Addressing the drivers of environmental degradation and the loss of nature is essential to attain green, resilient, and inclusive development.

Natural resources provide livelihoods for billions of people. When managed well, renewable natural resources, watersheds, productive landscapes, and seascapes provide the foundation for sustained inclusive growth, food security, poverty reduction, and human wellbeing. A clean environment is also key to ensure that people can lead healthy and productive lives, and that public and private resources can be invested in advancing development instead of remediating pollution. The world’s ecosystems further regulate the air, water, and soil on which we all depend, and form a unique and cost-effective buffer against extreme weather events and climate change.

Achieving sustainable growth requires better integrating environment, climate, and development actions, as highlighted in recent global commitments, including the Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF) approved in December 2022 at COP15. To make this happen, countries need better natural resource management, environmentally friendly fiscal policies, greener financial markets, and effective waste management programs.

In particular, the nature and climate change agendas are complementary and there are synergies to be exploited to foster green, resilient, and inclusive development. The benefits of nature-smart policy increase substantially when the carbon sequestration services of nature are factored in.  

Additional attention is needed to ensure nature becomes an engine for economic and social development. Investing in nature can contribute to economic recovery by creating jobs, targeting the poorest communities, and building long-term resilience.

Last Updated: Apr 07,2023

In Depth

Additional Resources

Media Inquiries

Washington, D.C.
Hannah McDonald-Moniz