In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, more than $39 billion has been dedicated to operations that support health services, establish and expand social safety nets, and help governments to weather the economic impacts of the crisis. In addition, $2.92 billion has been committed for the procurement and deployment of COVID-19 vaccines in 41 countries in the region. More operations are under preparation for FY22 for about $46 billion.
A few development results include:
Adapting to climate change and building climate resilience
In 2020, the World Bank launched The Next Generation African Climate Business Plan (NG-ACBP), setting out an innovative blueprint to help Sub-Saharan African economies achieve low carbon, climate-resilient outcomes. Under the Plan, the Bank is channeling $22.5 billion to Sub-Saharan Africa for climate adaptation and mitigation from 2021–25. This complements the World Bank Group global Climate Action Plan, which sets a target for 35% of our financing to have climate co-benefits, on average, over the next five years and that 50% of this financing supports adaptation and resilience. The NG-ACBP also underscores the World Bank’s efforts to support a green, resilient and inclusive recovery from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic while addressing the longer-term challenge of climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa as we head towards COP27, the African COP, in November.
The $75 million Madagascar Integrated Urban Development and Resilience project for Greater Antananarivo will benefit 65,000 low income neighborhoods and another 2 million indirectly through flood protection investments, citywide infrastructure improvements, and enhanced capacities to respond promptly to crises.
Between 2015 and 2021, more than 2 million people have benefited from the $248 million Regional Sahel Pastoralism Support Program. The program has also improved animal health thanks to the construction and rehabilitation of nearly 300 vaccination parks - where more than 200 million animals have been vaccinated - as well as the construction of nearly 70 veterinary units and training for more than 50 veterinarians. A second phase of the program ($375 million) launched in March 2022 to scale up activities and benefit additional 13 million people in the Sahel.
Supporting inclusive governance and transforming economies
Enabling efficient and inclusive delivery of services, such as judicial courts, waste management, water, electricity, ICT and safety nets, and building strong and accountable institutions and systems that are resilient to economic, social and environmental pressures are the foundations of the Bank’s work on governance and inclusion in Africa.
The $67 million Democratic Republic of Congo Strengthening Public Financial Management (PFM) and Accountability Project has been helping to improve domestic revenue mobilization, public expenditure management, and accountability, at central level and in selected provinces. Project support for the Inspection Générale des Finances (IGF), which includes the development of risk-based audit approaches, training for more than a hundred new staff, and the acquisition of IT equipment and audit applications, has helped IGF undertake effective financial investigations that are contributing to reining in corruption and misappropriation of public resources.
Between 2020 and early 2022, the World Bank’s Financial Inclusion Support Project (FISP) in Burkina Faso enabled 3,000 borrowers, a third of whom were women, to access $48.5 million in credit from banks and microfinance institutions. More than 80 percent of them were new borrowers, who would not have been able to access this credit without the guarantee provided by the FISP.
Empowering women and girls to boost Sub-Saharan Africa’s human capital
The World Bank's Africa Human Capital plan sets ambitious targets to boost Sub-Saharan Africa’s human capital—the knowledge, health and resilience of its people. To support these ambitions, the World Bank is investing over $34.2 billion across 228 human development projects in the region, and nearly $1.2 billion in new investments are in the pipeline for FY22 (as of April 4, 2022). Since the Africa Human Capital Plan launched in 2019—of which women and girls’ empowerment is a central tenant — the World Bank has approved over $11.5 billion in investments that champion women and girls. Together with governments, regional institutions, and development partners, the World Bank has expanded multi-sectoral programs with immediate and long-term solutions that invest in women and girls.
For example, the Sahel Women’s Empowerment and Demographic Dividend Project (SWEDD) works across the Sahel to improve the availability and affordability of reproductive health services, strengthen specialized training centers for rural-based midwives, improve nursing services, and pilot and share knowledge on adolescent girls’ initiatives, increasing their agency and productivity. SWEDD has so far reached more than 2 million girls in nine countries, beyond the Sahel region, with $680 million in Bank funding.
In Angola, the Strengthening the National Social Protection System Project, known locally as the Kwenda Project, has registered nearly 600,000 households across 18 provinces to receive cash transfers, of which about 60 percent are female headed. By 2023, 1.6 million households will be beneficiaries of Kwenda cash transfers which represents all poor households in the country. This would make Kwenda one of the largest cash transfer programs in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Stepping up to support regional integration in Africa
The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of regional integration as a key element of Africa’s recovery efforts to better coordinate on regional disease surveillance and response plans, keep regional trade flows open, address fragility that could spill across borders, support private sector recovery, and much more. The current Regional Integration program supported by the World Bank amounts to over $16 billion, with over 90 projects. These are helping to (i) expand infrastructure to build greater regional connectivity in the key areas of energy, digital and transport; (ii) promote trade and market integration; (iii) support human capital development, particularly in the areas of health, education and women’s empowerment; and to (iv) reinforce resilience by helping to address climate-change related challenges and other cross-border risks and vulnerabilities caused by conflicts and insecurity. The World Bank Group is committed to scale up its partnership and support to strengthen regional cooperation and integration in Africa towards the Agenda 2063 and its flagship projects such as the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area agreement, digital and energy integration, and trade facilitation.
Harnessing technological developments to improve digital connectivity and access to clean and reliable energy
Energy access remains a challenge in Africa where one in three people are still without access to electricity. To address this challenge, the Bank is helping to increase access to affordable reliable and sustainable energy across Africa. Operations support grid extension and expansion of transmission networks, innovative off-grid electrification solutions, expansions of renewable generation capacity, development of regional power pools, and improvement of service efficiency.
The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated poverty and threatened livelihoods in Liberia. The need to respond to this challenge spurred the expansion and digitization of the government’s ongoing cash transfer program. The Liberia Social Safety Nets Project launched the government’s first-ever urban cash transfer program. It provided emergency cash transfers for close to 15,000 households living in vulnerable communities in the Greater Monrovia area, which had recorded the highest number of COVID-19 cases in Liberia. These households received the cash transfers in their mobile wallet accounts. Importantly, up to 70 percent of cash recipients were women.
This year, the Rwanda Energy Access and Quality Improvement Project (EAQIP) will enhance the availability and efficiency of low-cost renewable energy and expand grid connections for residential, commercial, industrial, and public sector consumers. The project includes the World Bank’s largest clean cooking operation in Africa, and the first project co-financed by the recently launched Clean Cooking Fund (CCF), hosted by the World Bank’s Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP).
Last Updated: Apr 07, 2022