Assessing Africa's Policies and Institutions
The 2023 Africa Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) report covers the period January to December 2022. The overall average score for Sub-Saharan Africa’s IDA-eligible countries remained unchanged in 2022 at 3.1.
There is a growing gap in institutional and policy performance between Western and Central Africa (AFW) and Eastern and Southern Africa (AFE). In 2022, AFW’s average score improved slightly to 3.3, while AFE’s score remains unchanged from previous years at 3.0.
At the country level, the overall average CPIA score for 2022 increased in 12 countries, while it fell in 8 countries. In AFW, the overall score increased for eight countries—Benin, Cabo Verde, Côte d’Ivoire, The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, the Republic of Congo, and Togo. The overall score increased for four countries in AFE—Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, and Zambia. In contrast, the overall score decreased for eight countries—Chad, the Comoros, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Sudan.
While there has been only marginal movement in the regional CPIA score, the gap between sub-regions grew as AFW continued its upward trend, improving scores slightly from 3.2 to 3.3, while AFE remained unchanged at 3.0, roughly even with its 2019 average. This gap can largely be attributed to the performance of fragile and conflict-affected states (FCS).