Public sector Management and Institutions (Cluster D)
Cluster D—also referred to as the governance cluster—covers property rights and rule-based governance; quality of budgetary and financial management; efficiency of revenue mobilization; quality of public administration; and transparency, accountability, and corruption in the public sector After remaining steady at 3.0 for the past four years, the average score for the governance cluster decreased to 2.9 in 2019, the lowest among the four CPIA clusters. Two components of the governance cluster—efficiency of revenue mobilization and quality of public administration—saw their scores fall. The scores for the other components of the cluster were unchanged. The scores for the property rights and rule-based governance and transparency and accountability components remained low.