Economic management (Cluster A) covers the quality of three closely related policy areas: monetary and exchange rate, fiscal, and debt. The CPIA score for the economic management cluster and the components of this cluster reflect the overall prudent stance of policies in Sub-Saharan African countries, the flexibility of policies to respond to shocks, and the appropriate use of policy buffers. The 2019 results reflect gains in fiscal policy, especially in its stabilization function, and debt management. The average score on the fiscal policy criterion was unchanged at 3.0 but anchored on a firming trend. Meanwhile, the declining trend in the average score for the debt policy and management criterion steadied. Although debt sustainability remained a concern, the effectiveness of debt management functions strengthened in many countries as they adopted medium-term debt strategies and built implementation capacity.