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GovTech: Putting People First

Keep track of the progress of 2022 GTMI online survey across the globe!

2022 GTMI survey for Central Government (CG) and Sub-National Government (SNG) was launched across 198 countries with the aim to verify existing evidence and gather information about the status and outcomes of new and ongoing GovTech activities. 135 countries submitted their survey data and for the 63 non-participating economies, the GovTech team initiated remote data collection. The initial consolidated GTMI dataset together with the remotely collected data have been sent out to the officials for validation, which is expected to be completed by the end of June 2022. The submission deadline is June 30 for SNG survey.

Live Event September 16, 2021

Launch of the GovTech Maturity Index: The State of Digital Transformation in the Public Sector

Watch the playback from this discussion on the report and its findings with an expert panel on how the lessons learned can guide policy makers practitioners and researchers to advance GovTech in their countries.

GovTech Maturity Index (GTMI)

The GTMI measures the key aspects of four GovTech focus areas. The development of the GovTech Dataset and the GTMI report were financed by the governments of Austria, the Republic of Korea and Switzerland through the GTGP Trust Fund. The GTMI report was first released in June 2021 through this GTMI web page. It was reformatted and launched as a formal WB publication through the Open Knowledge Repository in September 2021. You can view the latest version and launch event in the “Related” part of this web page.

GovTech Maturity Index

What is the GTMI?

The GovTech Maturity Index (GTMI) measures the key aspects of four GovTech focus areas: enhancing service delivery, supporting core government systems, mainstreaming citizen engagement, and GovTech enablers, based on the World Bank’s definition of GovTech, and assists practitioners in the design of new digital transformation projects.

How is the GovTech Maturity Index Different?

Although existing digital government surveys and indices are useful to monitor the progress in digital government initiatives and good practices in general, none of them is assessing progress in all the four GovTech focus areas. The GTMI addresses this gap. 

Based on the comparative analyses with relevant indices, it can be concluded that the indicators defined for the GTMI produce consistent results when compared to other relevant indicators of digital government and measure the less known dimensions related to GovTech foundations adequately.

Who might find this Index useful?

The target audience of the GTMI report is government officials (policymakers and technical specialists), World Bank task teams, and other practitioners involved in the design and implementation of GovTech solutions.

What are the Key Findings?

The GTMI results revealed the growing interest in GovTech initiatives around the world. Government entities leading the GovTech agenda exist in 80 economies out of 198 reviewed, & mature digital government & good practices are highly visible in 43 economies.

The key findings of the study can be summarized as follows: 

  • Focus on GovTech: Despite increasing investments in ICT infrastructure and the availability of Digital Government (DG)/GovTech institutions and strategy/policy documents, the maturity of GovTech foundations is lower than expected in most countries.
  • Visibility of results: Investments in GovTech initiatives and results achieved as well as challenges are not documented and reported transparently by most governments.

Above map presents the State of GovTech. The GTMI reveals that there are 80 GovTech initiatives around the world, and good practices are highly visible in 43 economies out of 198 reviewed. 

 

  • Core government systems: Most countries already have developed core government systems such as back- and front-office solutions, online service portals, and open data platforms, but these systems are often fragmented and disconnected. There is room to improve interconnectivity, data exchange, and interoperability in most countries.
  • Shared platforms and standards: There is growing interest in many countries in developing shared GovTech platforms such as cloud-based solutions, unified mobile apps, and a government service bus, to support operational and service delivery requirements of public entities and preferences of citizens.
  • Online services: Integrated national portals are available in many countries to enable online service delivery. However, two-way information flow between government and citizens/businesses, universally accessible user-centric transactional services supported by mobile apps, and quality of service metrics are visible in only a limited number of countries mainly in Groups A and B.
  • Digital citizen engagement: The governments and civil society organizations (CSOs) have launched various technology solutions to improve digital citizen engagement (DCE), but it is difficult to find information about the impact of these tools, and government disclosures of service quality standards are not readily available. Also, multifunctional citizen participation portals that provide capabilities to submit a petition, publish citizen’s inputs, allow the provision of anonymous feedback, or post the government’s response are visible only in a relatively small group of countries.
  • GovTech enablers: Most of the digital government strategies and action plans approved within the last five years include the establishment of enabling and safeguarding institutions to support the GovTech agenda, with more focus on a whole-of-government approach, data-driven public sector, digital skill development, and innovation labs.
  • Disruptive technologies: The potential of new and disruptive technologies has been recognized and used by some high- and middle-income countries. National strategies/plans for artificial intelligence, blockchain and other emerging technologies are visible, and some GovTech government leaders are already using these solutions in various sectors.


What Key Messages have been captured?

The image above shows, on average, countries in Group A have the highest index score, and there is a wide gap between countries in Group A and countries in Group D

Similarly, a substantial gap exists between the average GTMI scores of high income countries (HIC) and low-income countries (LIC), whereas the average scores for upper middle income (UMIC) and lower-middle income countries (LMIC) are close to each other. These graphs above also highlight the scale of the digital divide globally.


A Few Key Messages are listed below:

  • Commitment at high government levels and the allocation of necessary resources are crucial for the sustainability of GovTech initiatives.
  • Large-scale GovTech challenges are more visible in the Africa and South Asia regions and more substantial resources are needed to address the digital divide, infrastructure, and governance issues compared to other regions. 
  • Countries could focus more on improving the interconnectivity and interoperability of existing systems and portals, benefiting from government cloud, service bus, and Application Program Interfaces (APIs) as cost-effective shared platforms in future GovTech initiatives. 
  • Next-generation online service portals could expand transactional services to save substantial time, reduce cost, and improve the quality of services for citizens and businesses. 
  • GovTech initiatives could focus more on multifunction citizen participation platforms to deepen the citizen-government relationship through effective CivicTech3 solutions, improve accountability, and build public trust in government. 
  • Further investments in digital skill development and innovation in the public sector are crucial to supporting the transition to data-driven culture and building strong technical skills. 
  • Governments could promote the use of public data to create added economic value by establishing public data platforms that individuals and firms can access. Government and other players in the public policy-making process can also harness the data for better evidence-based policies and program adaptation. 
  • The use of frontier and disruptive digital technologies can greatly improve core government operations and online service delivery.

 



GTMI Explainer Video

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Check out this quick GTMI explainer video to understand how to navigate the global dataset.
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GovTech Dataset

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The GovTech global dataset contains a rich set of data covering important aspects of the GovTech focus areas in 198 economies. It includes web links to relevant institutions, strategy documents, government systems, online services, and shared platforms.
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Quick Facts

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The State of GovTech in WBG Client Countries

Did you know that the largest group of countries focused on the GovTech agenda (26 economies in Groups A and B) is in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region?

Contact

Public Administration and Institutional Reforms Unit
Tracey Lane, Practice Manager
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GovTech Global Solutions Group
Cem Dener, Global Lead
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Kimberly Johns, Global Lead
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GovTech Global Partnership
Reinhard Haslinger, Program Manager
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General Inquiries
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