With increased fragility, extreme pressure on resources, and rapidly evolving largescale service delivery needs, the ability of governments to respond to governance challenges, especially in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, is stretched in unprecedented ways. Public Sector Governance and Anticorruption continuously continue to rank high among the most important development priorities. As the crisis period settles, governments will be focusing on the recovery phase and will in due course be considering reforms to make their response and service delivery more resilient. The pandemic has exposed the benefits of a stronger, flexible and more responsive civil service which is able to incorporate risk management and has access to contingencies in an emergency. Emerging lessons from the immediate response point to the need to adapt models of government operations, service delivery and interactions with citizens, which include GovTech options for modernization of services to citizens and businesses.
The Governance Global Practice supports client countries to build capable, efficient, open, inclusive, and accountable institutions. This is critical for returning to sustainable growth after COVID-19 and is at the heart of the World Bank’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. The ability of governments to effectively provide public goods, to support an environment that can generate jobs and growth, to address market failures and to engage citizens in the process is more important than ever. Countries with strong institutions are more resilient, are better able to facilitate private sector growth, reduce poverty, deliver valuable services, and earn the confidence of citizens.
The Governance and Institutions Cross-Cutting Issue (G&I CCI) in IDA20 support capable, inclusive, and accountable public administration. IDA20 G&I CCI builds on the strong progress made in IDA19 and IDA18’s “Governance and Institutions” Special Theme and deepens commitments that reinforce fiscal sustainability and accelerate digital governance to improve service delivery, statistical capacity, and institutional strengthening. More specially, the policy commitments support debt transparency and fiscal sustainability, domestic resource mobilization, GovTech, and the fight against illicit financial flows. These commitments serve both as enablers and cross-cutting foundations for IDA’s effective investments in a green, resilient, and inclusive recovery. The COVID-19 crisis exposed pre-existing weaknesses in the core governance systems of governments in IDA countries, as the experienced enormous strain to swiftly implement containment measures, respond to surging demands for health care services, vaccination campaigns, manage large-scale vaccination campaigns, deliver offsite/remote education services, and scale-up social protection programs. These weaknesses include uneven planning, regulatory and implementation capacity, as well as suboptimal structures for policy coordination at national and subnational levels.
Last Updated: Jun 23, 2022