For International Anticorruption Day this year the World Bank is drawing attention to the challenges, complexities, and consequences of corruption in fragile settings. The term “fragility” can mean many things, and there is no single type of fragile environment. Similarly, corruption can mean many things, and is present in all countries. The most recent Pandora Papers have drawn attention to the fact that rich countries often contribute to the problems. The complexities of corruption and of fragility are huge and can interact with each other but we hope that by unpacking some of the issues we can find some practical ways forward.