Although access to services has been improving over time in the LAC region, it still remains largely unequal across and within countries, and far from universal. The Human Opportunity Index (HOI) measures how individual circumstances (i.e., characteristics -- such as place of residence, gender, and education of the household head -- that should not determine access to basic goods and services) can affect a child’s access to basic opportunities such as water, education, electricity and sanitation. It is a synthetic measure of how far a society is from universal access to an essential good or service, and how equitably access is distributed across individuals (circumstance groups). The HOI is thus an economic indicator that combines coverage rates and equality in a single measure.
This dashboard presents the HOI for several opportunities, for different years, by LAC country. Even though there are many opportunities that affect a child’s life, some data is not available for all countries. Thus the HOI in this dashboard focuses on opportunities grouped into three dimensions: (1) education; (2) housing; and (3) information and communication technologies.