From November 25 to December 10, Gender Innovation Labs (GILs) from 3 regions are participating in activities organized by the World Bank Group (WBG) under the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, an annual international campaign to call for the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls.
The Umbrella Facility for Gender Equality’s (UFGE) 2022 Annual Report provides a retrospective of its achievements and impact since 2012, marking the UFGE’s ten-year anniversary. As illustrated in this report, the global public goods developed under the UFGE have been leveraged effectively across countries and regions; fostering innovation and bringing knowledge to operations for impact. The UFGE has supported projects and programs that have contributed to women’s empowerment increasing their job opportunities, earnings, voice and agency, access to education, assets and financial services, and more.
This three-part company insight conducted by the Mashreq Gender Facility in Iraq highlights forward-thinking companies and seeks to inspire other businesses to design more gender-aware environments based on models that work.
Women in Egypt often want to work but face multiple barriers due to cost of time, limited access to employment and restrictive gender norms. This paper examines the impact of two interventions aimed at providing child care subsidies and employment services to address the constraints on women’s employment in Egypt. The authors also discuss take-up of the two interventions and contextualize take-up and outcomes with information on norms about women’s work and childcare.
In Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), the effects of the pandemic on labor market outcomes continue to be pronounced, especially for women. This is partly driven by a slow recovery of sectors that predominantly employ women. This policy brief offers a set of recommendations on policy directions and reforms that could help to address gender gaps in the labor market and the situation of workers in LAC more broadly.
This study reviews 22 studies which plausibly identify the causal impact of institutional childcare on maternal labor market outcomes in lower-and-middle income countries. It also analyzes aspects of childcare design, including hours, ages of children, coordination with other childcare services that may increase the impacts on maternal labor market outcomes. It concludes with a discussion of directions for future research.
In Nigeria, closing gender gaps in key economic sectors could yield additional gains of US9.3 billion dollars or up to US22.9 billion dollars. This report identifies and measures gender gaps in economic sectors, analyzes the drivers of such gaps, estimates their the cost to the gross domestic product (GDP) and offers policy guidance to target the drivers of inequality effectively.
A new World Bank report explores the difference in profits among female entrepreneurs who cross over into male-dominated sectors (MDS) compared to those who remain in traditionally female-concentrated sectors (FCS). It aims to fill the gaps in the literature on gender-based sectoral segregation.
This paper examines the impact of return migration from Saudi Arabia and the Gulf on the transfer of gender norms to the Indian state of Kerala. The paper finds that returning migrants from Saudi Arabia tend to exhibit conservative values regarding gender-based violence and extreme attitudes pertaining to the perpetration of physical violence against women.
This paper assesses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related containment measures on firm operations in Addis Ababa.1 The World Bank, in collaboration with the Job Creation Commission (JCC), implemented a highfrequency phone survey of firms (HFPS-F).
This paper reviews 22 studies which explore the causal impact of institutional childcare on maternal labor market outcomes in lower-and-middle income countries. The authors further analyze aspects of childcare design, including hours of operation, ages of children, and coordination with other childcare services that may increase the impact on maternal labor market outcomes.