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PPPs for policy making: a visual guide to using data from the ICP - Chapter 10: Human Development

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Gender Development Index

The Gender Development Index (GDI) measures gender gaps in human development. It does so by calculating a human development index score separately for men and women for each participating country. GNI per capita is estimated separately for both genders as part of this process and converted using the PPP at the GDP level for each country. The resulting GDI value is expressed as the female HDI score as a percentage of the male HDI score (figure 10.2) and informs efforts to design policy tools to close the gender gap.

Additionally, the Gender Inequality Index (GII) employs the maternal mortality ratio as an input which uses PPP-based GDP in its estimation.