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Europe and Central Asia | Governance


Governments in Europe and Central Asia (ECA) face complex challenges as they work to make public institutions more effective, accountable, and inclusive. Some countries are still overcoming the legacy of one-party rule and centrally planned economies. Others are undergoing significant reforms as they aspire to become members of the European Union. Others still are EU members, but face pressure to live up to EU norms of good governance.

The Governance Program for Europe and Central Asia (ECA) helps to build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions in the region. The Program supports the implementation of governance and public administration reforms in ECA countries. 

We provide support in one of three ways: (i) cross-stakeholder dialogues, (ii) lending and technical assistance programs, and (iii) research on lessons and best practices from the region


We finance government programs to support achievement of country development objectives, and support policy and institutional reforms of national and subnational governments by providing budget financing and global expertise.

Investment Project Financing

Development Policy Financing


Advisory Services & Analytics

Through research and analysis, we offer support to countries in designing or implementing better policies, strengthening institutions, building capacity, informing strategies or operations, and contributing to the global development agenda.

Advisory Services and Analytics (ASA)


Core Business Lines

Public Financial Management

Public Financial Management (PFM): In many World Bank Group client countries, poor PFM systems hinder efforts to turn development goals into real outcomes. Accordingly, support for countries to mobilize resources and spend better is fundamental to any country’s policy-making process and consequently to the achievement of the Bank’s twin goals of reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. This is achieved by sound policy choices that are formulated and executed through sound PFM systems. PFM includes the following elements: fiscal management, public expenditure analysis and efficiency, public investment management, management of assets and liabilities, treasury and cash management, reporting and transparency, and accountability and oversight. 

Cross Cutting Areas


Procurement for Development

The World Bank’s Procurement Department helps partner countries ensure efficient use of public resources in Bank financed projects and through reforms of the countries’ procurement ecosystems. It is responsible for the implementation of World Bank Procurement Framework. Projects on Procurement for Development



An Initiative to modernize the public sector citizen/business-centric services. Globally, there are rising expectations from citizens for governments to better perform and deliver quality services. COVID-19 has increased the focus on using virtual means for service delivery. GovTech helps improve targeting of programs and offers lower transaction costs for consumption of government services and the provision of better and more timely information for policy making. Projects on GovTech



Anticorruption and Transparency

Corruption remains a significant threat to the development of countries by compromising all aspects of development. It undermines robustness of economic and public institutions, stymies fair competition, discourages investment and trade, and erodes trust in government/public institutions. Projects on Anti-corruption


Political Economy Analysis

Better understanding of development emphasizes the centrality of political drivers in shaping the impact of development interventions, including technical institutional and policy reforms. In this context, political economy analysis requires both deep understanding of the distribution of power and resources in countries and the flexibility to adapt to changing context and is very important in all governance business lines and cross-cutting themes. Projects on Political Economy