Between 2000 to 2016, the WBG invested $50.6 billion in education. Over the same period, the share of education in lending has doubled from five percent to about 10 percent, showing the importance of education in the overall portfolio. The WBG’s lending for education for fiscal year 2016 was $3.6 billion.
In many countries, WBG funds are also helping to crowd in much larger resources from governments, as well as other development partners, resulting in harmonized education programs and lower transaction costs for governments.
These are some of the World Bank Group’s education results at the country level:
In Bangladesh, WBG is engaged in the entire range of the education sector – from primary education to technical training and tertiary education. Under the Primary Education Development Program III, around 127,000 schools received more than 110 million textbooks within the first month of the 2016 school year, and 22,444 additional classrooms have been constructed in remote and underprivileged areas to reduce overcrowding in schools.
In Bulgaria, nearly 80 percent of the vulnerable children (including ethnic Roma) who received early childhood education under the Bulgaria Social Inclusion project successfully passed the school readiness diagnostic tests (2016), compared to just 40 percent before the start of the project in 2010.
With WBG support conducted its first national assessment of the Khmer language for students in 2006 and again in 2009. Results showed that reading levels were very poor. From 2010-2012, Cambodia focused on reading skills in pilot schools. Thousands of students received their own copy of books and thousands of teachers and education officers were also trained in teaching. In 2014, the national assessment showed that almost all grade 8 students were capable of reading and comprehending text.
In Haiti, from 2012 to 2016, over 430,000 tuition waivers were financed, allowing disadvantaged children to attend school free of charge. Daily meals, vitamins, and deworming and Vitamin A were provided to over 370,000 students. The project provided school access to over 6,500 children in poor, rural Haitian communities. An accelerated pre-service teacher training resulted in 3,570 additional qualified primary school teachers. Following the passage of hurricane Matthew in October 2016, the project started rehabilitating 120 schools, which could also be used as shelters. In addition, it provided emergency school feeding to 22,000 students in 89 schools.
In India, over 3,600 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya residential schools across India are now supporting the education of 400,000 girls between the ages of 10 and 14. These residential schools, which provide room and board as well as full-time secondary education, are supported under the India Third Elementary Education Project.
In Indonesia, more than half a million children aged 0-6 in poor, hard-to-reach districts received early childhood education between 2007 and 2013. In 2016, more than 15,000 teachers across 25 districts in Indonesia were trained to provide early childhood education, as part of the Early Childhood Education Smart Generation in Villages program.
In Jordan, as part of a comprehensive reform effort supported by the multi-donor-financed Education Knowledge for Reform Economy program, the country revised its early grade curriculum, expanded access to pre-primary education from 50 percent in 2009 to 60 percent in 2015, and rolled out a new information management system (OpenEMIS). The country also implemented a merit-based teacher recruitment process and school accountability system to improve teacher quality.
In Kuwait, a competence-based curriculum was developed and implemented for general education. Since 2015, curriculum and standards documents have been developed for all subjects for grades 1 to 9, 10 schools have introduced highly innovative strategic leadership and management, and over 1,000 core professionals have been supported in transformational schoolbased management and reform.
In Latvia, the WBG worked with the government to develop a performance-based financing model for tertiary education. As a result, the sector received a six percent increase in public funding, which was allocated to universities based on their performance.
In Nicaragua, the Education Sector Strategy Support Project contributed to the certification of more than 2,300 community preschool teachers (27 percent of the national total) through a two-year training. Additionally, the project distributed 191,000 books for secondary school students in five key subjects: Spanish Language and Literature, Mathematics, Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, and English.
In 2016, in Nigeria, the WBG approved an additional $100 million for the State Education Program Investment Project that will contribute to the return of students—particularly girls—to schools in the North East states of Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, Bauchi, Gombe, and Taraba. Together with partners, the project will help identify out-of-school children, especially girls, and strategize on ways to bring them into school.
In Pakistan, the first digital system in the education sector--implemented in 2017-- is leading to the transparent and effective monitoring of staff, students and school infrastructure. More than 210,000 teaching and non-teaching staff have been profiled using biometric information, covering more than 26,200 schools. To date, disciplinary action has been initiated against 40,000 absent teachers and 6,000 absconders.
In Romania, the WBG is working with the government to address early school leaving, tertiary education, lifelong learning, and education infrastructure. Some of these strategies — which will impact the lives of 4.1 million people — are required for the country to access European Union funds, and include measures to address the needs of disadvantaged groups and Roma students.
Tanzania’s Education Program for Results has significantly contributed to improvements in learning at the primary and secondary school levels. The average words read per minute in Kiswahili for grade 2 students is up from 17.9 in 2013 to 23.6 words per minute in 2016. In mathematics, the number of correct answers per minute among grade 2 students went from 7.6 to 9.1 between 2013 and 2016.
In Vietnam, more than 8,000 poor students received tuition subsidies to attend non-public upper secondary schools and professional secondary schools. Using a results-based financing approach, the project linked the payment of a tuition subsidy with student performance. This helped increase access to upper secondary school education and reduce dropout rates among disadvantaged students in 12 provinces. In addition, a WBG-supported project provided home-based sign language education for over 250 deaf children under six to prepare them for formal schooling. It also helped train 200 teachers in the use of sign language.
In West Bank and Gaza, the Teacher Education Improvement Program contributed to increasing the ratio of qualified class teachers for grade 1-4 from 39 percent in 2010 to 62 percent in 2015. In addition, the Education-to-Work-Transition project is strengthening the relevance of tertiary education programs through strategic partnerships with the private sector. To date, about 4000 students have received entrepreneurship and soft skills training, leading to higher employability.
In West & Central Africa, 19 university-based “Africa Centers of Excellence” were created in seven countries to teach young students science-related subjects that are critical for Africa’s development. The ACE for Genomics of Infectious Diseases at Redeemer’s University in Nigeria has published crucial research on the Ebola virus. Currently, there are 2,410 regional students enrolled in short-term courses, Master’s, and PhD programs.
In Yemen, the WBG implemented the Secondary Education Development for Girls Access Project in five governorates. A total of 14,350 teachers were trained in subject modules and 89 new female teachers were trained and hired. This encouraged parents to send their daughters to school, especially at the secondary education level. In addition, the project built 43 schools and equipped 50 schools with libraries, and science and computer laboratories.
Find out more about WBG education results here.
Last Updated: Mar 31, 2017