The impacts of climate change on nature are cumulative and dynamic. A case in point: the multiple impacts of climate change on fish. Rising temperatures, acidification, and sea-level rise are altering ocean conditions and displacing fish stocks. Discover the various climate change impacts on fish and how the World Bank helps tackle this issue.
As the guardians of local homes and livelihoods, mangroves provide shoreline protection from storms and tsunamis, reduce flood-risks, inundation, and erosion. Mangroves also store significant amount of carbon. Discover the various efforts already underway - by the Government as well as communities - to sustainably manage this important ecosystem.
Today, a number of challenges threaten Indonesia’s oceans and the lives and livelihoods of those who depend on them. Despite these conditions, there is still hope for the earth and for people in the eastern seas of Indonesia through conservation work lead by local heroes and leaders. Discover the stories of Marsel, Githa, Wawan Mangile, and many more on the shores of Raja Ampat as they work tirelessly to conserve Indonesia's oceans.
For World Oceans Day in 2021, we reflect on the solutions Indonesia can take to ensure a smooth transition to a Blue Economy. The government of Indonesia has taken steps to improve the conditions and sustainability of the oceans by including objectives aligned with sustainable ocean economy principles in the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN). But there remains a great deal of work to do for the private sector, communities, and other stakeholders in Indonesia.
A sustainable ocean economy will be critical to Indonesia in achieving resilient coastal livelihoods, a healthy marine environment, and a thriving national economy, according to Oceans for Prosperity: Reforms for a Blue Economy in Indonesia, a report released by the World Bank. But there are challenges to Indonesia's marine and coastal ecosystems that, if not managed, could undermine the potential of the country's ocean economy.
The World Bank in partnership with the Government of Indonesia has launched the Coastal Fisheries Initiative Challenge Fund. With financing of USD$1 million from the Global Environment Facility, the Challenge Fund will support sustainable investments into Indonesia's coastal fisheries sector.
The government of Indonesia's Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program (COREMAP), financed by the World Bank and the Global Environment Facility, has been gradually but significantly building such science and management capacity over a period of 21 years.
On the island of Lombok, COREMAP–CTI is helping to fund LIPI’s Bioindustry Center where scientists are looking at how local communities can breed certain varieties of sea cucumber for sale. The poverty rate in Indonesia’s coastal areas is higher than the national average and diversifying livelihoods in communities that rely primarily on fishing is critical.
To support the country’s transition toward a Blue Economy—the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth and livelihoods while maintaining healthy marine ecosystems—the World Bank is assisting the government of Indonesia in curbing marine plastic pollution and protecting the country’s precious natural resources.
Indonesia’s Sustainable Oceans Program (ISOP) is supporting Indonesia’s transition to a blue economy by increasing the economic, social, and environmental benefits derived from healthy coastal and marine ecosystems.