Trade and International Integration

November 10, 2021

The Trade and International Integration Research Program aims to improve understanding of the role of global economic integration in development and poverty reduction. We are also developing databases and analytic tools to analyze the impact of policy reforms.



Corruption in Customs
Cyril Chalendard, Ana Margarida Fernandes, Gael Raball, Bob Rijkers
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9802, October 2021

Countries and Sectors in Global Value Chains
Alessandro Borin, Michele Mancini, Daria Taglioni
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9785, September 2021

Patterns of Labor Market Adjustment to Trade Shocks with Imperfect Capital Mobility
Erhan Artuc, Irene Brambilla, Guido Porto
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9775, September 2021

Road Capacity, Domestic Trade and Regional Outcomes
Kerem Cosar, Banu Demir, Devaki Ghose, Nathaniel Young
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9772, September 2021

Protectionism and Gender Inequality in Developing Countries
Erhan Artuc, Nicolas Depetris Chauvin, Guido Porto, Bob Rijkers
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9750, August 2021

More Working Papers


Measuring Employment: Experimental Evidence from Urban Ghana
Rachel Heath, Ghazala Mansuri, Bob Rijkers, William Seitz, Dhiraj Sharma
The World Bank Economic Review 35 (3): 635–51, October 2021 | Working Paper Version

Segregation and internal mobility of Syrian refugees in Turkey: Evidence from mobile phone data
Çağlar Özden, Sinmone Bertoli, Michael Packard
Journal of Development Economics 152: 102704 2021, September 2021

Determinants of Global Value Chain Participation: Cross-Country Evidence
Ana Fernandes, Hiau Looi Kee, Deborah Winkle
World Bank Economic Review: lhab017, August 2021 | Working Paper Version

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    The Economics of Deep Trade Agreements

    eBook, June 2021
    While multilateral trade negotiations have stagnated and tensions between major players have surged, bilateral and regional agreements seem to have run away with the trade agenda. Many of these agreements have extended their reach well beyond tariffs, covering policy areas such as environment, intellectual property rights, state-owned enterprises. They aim to achieve integration beyond trade, or “deep” integration. This e-book is the result of a World Bank research project on the economics of deep trade agreements. It covers the determinants and consequences of deep trade agreements and discusses how they may shape world trade in a post-COVID-19 world.
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    World Development Report 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains

    October 2019
    This report examines whether there is still a path to development through GVCs and trade. It concludes that technological change is at this stage more a boon than a curse. GVCs can continue to boost growth, create better jobs, and reduce poverty provided that developing countries implement deeper reforms to promote GVC participation, industrial countries pursue open, predictable policies, and all countries revive multilateral cooperation.
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    Exports to Jobs: Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia

    February 2019
    South Asia’s economy has grown rapidly, and the region has made a significant reduction in poverty. However, jobs for the growing working population remain limited. Policy makers are contending with lingering concerns about jobless growth and poor job quality. This report argues that exports could bring higher wages and better jobs to South Asia.
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    Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets

    June 2018
    Global labor mobility is a potent tool to end poverty, with migrants tripling their wages or more. Better labor market policies to manage short-run economic tensions can ensure that destination countries and migrants share the benefits of global labor mobility for generations to come.




Daria Taglioni

Research Manager, Trade and International Integration
Research Staff »