Trade and International Integration

February 15, 2023

The Trade and International Integration Research Program aims to improve understanding of the role of global economic integration in development and poverty reduction. We are also developing databases and analytic tools to analyze the impact of policy reforms.



Offshoring Response to High-Skilled Immigration: A Firm-Level Analysis
Devaki Ghose, Zhiling Wang
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10371, March 2023

Natural Resource Dependence and Monopolized Imports
Rabah Arezki, Ana Fernandes, Federico Merchán, Ha Nguyen, Tristan Reed
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10339, March 2023

The True Cost of War
Erhan Artuc, Nicolas Gomez-Parra, Harun Onder
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10217, October 2022

Massive Modularity: Understanding Industry Organization in the Digital Age — The Case of Mobile Phone Handsets
Eric Thun, Daria Taglioni, Timothy Sturgeon, Mark P. Dallas
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10164, September 2022

Trade Fraud and Non-Tariff Measures
Hiau Looi Kee, Alessandro Nicita
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 10112, June 2022

More Working Papers


Corruption in Customs
Cyril Chalendard, Ana M Fernandes, Gael Raballand, Bob Rijkers
The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 138, February 2023 | Working Paper Version

Are trade preferencesa Panacea? The export impact of the African growth and Opportunity Act
Ana M. Fernandes, Alejandro Forero, Hibret Maemir, Aaditya Mattoo
World Development, vol. 162, February 2023 | Working Paper Version

Long-run effects of trade liberalisation on local labour markets: Evidence from South Africa
Paulo Bastos, Nicolas Santos
The World Economy, vo. 45, October 2022 | Working Paper Version

Trade Fraud and Non-Tariff Measures
Hiau Looi Kee, Alessandro Nicita
Journal of International Economics, 103682, September 2022 | Working Paper Version

Determinants of Global Value Chain Participation: Cross-Country Evidence
Ana Margarida Fernandes, Hiau Looi Kee, Deborah Winkler
World Bank Economic Review vol. 36, no. 2, May 2022 | Working Paper Version

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    Skilled Migration: A Sign of Europe's Divide or Integration?

    July 2022
    High-skilled migration, whether internal or international, is largely a symptom rather than a cause of the gaps in labor market and educational opportunities, productivity, welfare, and the quality of institutions across the regions. Free movement within the European Union is an incentive for workers and firms to take advantage of these gaps by moving from low- to high-productivity sectors and regions. This report examines the trends, determinants, and impacts of migration of high-skilled workers within the European Union in the past two decades.
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    Robots and Trade: Implications for Developing Countries

    This chapter uses a Ricardian framework to examine the impact on developing countries of robotization in developed countries. The chapter highlights that robot adoption can ultimately benefit workers in developing countries, particularly through lower prices and increased demand for intermediate inputs.
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    Maximizing the Developmental Benefits of GVC Integration While Addressing Emerging Challenges

    September 2021
    How countries engage with GVCs determines how they benefit from them. For an effective and sustainable strategy of GVC participation, governments must identify binding constraints, and design policy and regulatory interventions. This chapter appears in The Routledge Companion to Global Value Chains: Reinterpreting and Reimagining Megatrends in the World Economy.
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    The Economics of Deep Trade Agreements

    June 2021
    While multilateral trade negotiations have stagnated and tensions between major players have surged, bilateral and regional agreements seem to have run away with the trade agenda. Many of these agreements have extended their reach well beyond tariffs, covering policy areas such as environment, intellectual property rights, state-owned enterprises. They aim to achieve integration beyond trade, or “deep” integration. This e-book is the result of a World Bank research project on the economics of deep trade agreements. It covers the determinants and consequences of deep trade agreements and discusses how they may shape world trade in a post-COVID-19 world.
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    World Development Report 2020: Trading for Development in the Age of Global Value Chains

    October 2019
    This report examines whether there is still a path to development through GVCs and trade. It concludes that technological change is at this stage more a boon than a curse. GVCs can continue to boost growth, create better jobs, and reduce poverty provided that developing countries implement deeper reforms to promote GVC participation, industrial countries pursue open, predictable policies, and all countries revive multilateral cooperation.
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    Exports to Jobs: Boosting the Gains from Trade in South Asia

    February 2019
    South Asia’s economy has grown rapidly, and the region has made a significant reduction in poverty. However, jobs for the growing working population remain limited. Policy makers are contending with lingering concerns about jobless growth and poor job quality. This report argues that exports could bring higher wages and better jobs to South Asia.
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    Moving for Prosperity: Global Migration and Labor Markets

    June 2018
    Global labor mobility is a potent tool to end poverty, with migrants tripling their wages or more. Better labor market policies to manage short-run economic tensions can ensure that destination countries and migrants share the benefits of global labor mobility for generations to come.




Daria Taglioni

Research Manager, Trade and International Integration
Research Staff »