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Indonesia Sustainable Landscapes Management Program (SLMP)

Mangrove Indonesia

Blog: Indonesia’s green belt – Protecting and restoring the country’s mangroves

August 2, 2022

Indonesia harbors the largest area and diversity of mangrove ecosystems in the world. Mangroves support coastal, protect the country’s coasts from disasters, and store 3.14 billion tons of CO2. Read more on how Indonesia could protect this important ecosystem.

mount kerinci, jambi, Indonesia

Blog: How Jambi province could become the role model of sustainable landscapes in Indonesia

March 28, 2022

Jambi has established a provincial Green Growth Plan to promote sustainable and inclusive growth. The International Day of Forests this year takes us back to memory lane when World Bank staffs made a personal visit to the province’s capital Jambi City, located in eastern Jambi, to the Kerinci district in the province’s far west of Jambi.


Blog: Indonesia’s ‘Green Belt’ - Mangroves for local and global benefits

October 27, 2021

Indonesia is home to 3.36 million hectares of mangroves, over 20 percent of the world’s mangrove ecosystems. This blog story highlights the need for a landscape approach to mangrove management by taking a holistic approach – not only restoring mangroves through planting, but also ensuring that existing mangroves are managed sustainably through incentives to local communities, enforcement of regulations and spatial planning. 


Feature Story: Opening the Door to Community Forest Access and Management in Indonesia

October 21, 2021

In Indonesia’s West Kalimantan Province, the people of Padang Tikar village manage 76,000 hectares of mangrove forests. Their agroforestry-based businesses and honeybees earn monthly profits for them of about IDR 325 million (US$ 22,000) – an example of how legal access to forest use provides significant benefits to rural people. This story, recounted in Tosca Santoso’s 2019 book “Lima Hutan, Satu Cerita” (“Five Forest, One Story”), describes one of many ways communities can thrive when given legal access to manage forests sustainably.


Feature Story: Mangrove Conservation and Restoration: Protecting Indonesia’s “Climate Guardians”

July 26, 2021

As the guardians of local homes and livelihoods, mangroves provide shoreline protection from storms and tsunamis, reduce flood-risks, inundation, and erosion. Mangroves also store significant amounts of carbon. Discover the various efforts already underway - by the Government as well as communities - to sustainably manage this important ecosystem.


Blog: Indonesia Can Build Back Better for A Green Recovery

JULY 13, 2021

When the 2004 earthquake and tsunami wiped out homes, buildings, and roads in Aceh, the government was confronted with two options: build everything back to pre-disaster conditions or seize the opportunity to ‘build back better’. They chose the latter, prioritizing the needs of local communities while ensuring resilience to future disasters. Today, as the global economy reels from the effects of the pandemic, leaders are being asked the same question: can we design a recovery that not only saves lives and generates growth, but that is also resilient and sustainable over the long term?


Blog: Landscape approach in Indonesia: From concept to a practical tool to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve livelihoods

june 4, 2021

A healthy environment is a prerequisite for the economy to thrive. An integrated landscape management that brings together communities, government, private sectors, and civil society partners can balance multiple demands for lands in a way that considers food and livelihoods, land rights, restoration and progress towards climate and development goals. Read the blog on how the integrated landscape management comes into practice 

Man and woman at plant nursery in Indonesia

Feature Story: The Win-Win of Forest Protection: Enhancing Lives While Slowing Climate Change

JUNE 9, 2021

The 21st century has seen a surge in governments’ strategic protection of forests, for good reason. Forest protection enhances people’s lives while slowing climate change by enabling trees, soil and grasslands to perform their natural functions of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The World Bank’s $3.7 billion portfolio of 102 forest projects supports systemic, transformative engagement to reduce climate change and supports forest programs in more than 50 countries, including Jambi, Ghana, Indonesia, Lao Peoples Democratic Republic, Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal, Vietnam and Zambia.

Forest with river crossing in Indonesia

Feature Story: Indonesia takes a landscape approach to reduce deforestation, address climate change


In Sumatra, deforestation threatens globally significant tropical forests and biodiversity. To address the drivers across a variety of sectors, the Government of Indonesia is developing a unique landscape management approach in Jambi that can be used as a model for reducing land-use emissions across the country.


Press release: Indonesia and the World Bank sign milestone agreement on emission reductions

December 2020

On November 27, 2020, Indonesia’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) and the World Bank’s Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) signed a landmark agreement to unlock up to US$110 million to lower carbon emissions from deforestation and forest degradation until 2025.


Blog: Partnerships, cornerstone to achieve Indonesia’s sustainable peatland restoration targets

June 2017

World Bank insights from the high-panel discussion in “Global Landscapes Forum: Peatlands Matter” held in May 2017 on why developing a stronger partnership among government, private sector and civil society is the cornerstone to achieve Indonesia’s peatland restoration target.


Blog: Controlling the Burn: Indonesia’s efforts to prevent forest and land fire crisis

October 2016

Forest and land fires have been an annual man-made event with some 2,356 hotspots detected in Sumatra and Kalimantan between January and August 2016. How to prevent it happening again in the future?


Blog: Seeing the Impact of Forest Fires in South Sumatra: A View from the Field

February 2016

An experience from the field on how to find success in Sustainable landscape management in Indonesia: Supporting smallholders while securing Government’s actions to restore development of peatlands – a key step in the right direction.