Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM) brings together a series of projects to promote the sustainable management of renewable natural resources (forests, wildlife, land, and fisheries) and improve livelihoods in the country’s most vulnerable rural communities.
In a country where over 70% of households rely on natural resources, the ILM Portfolio is promoting a healthy coexistence between humans and nature by tackling deforestation and resource exploitation, together with challenges such as rural poverty, community rights
Combining on-ground investments, technical assistance, analytical work and results-based finance, the over USD $500 million Portfolio assists the Government of Mozambique in improving the livelihood of rural communities, in promoting small and medium businesses linked to agriculture and natural resources, with an emphasis on women and youth, and promotes sustainable management of natural resources, including curbing deforestation, illegal timber and wildlife trade and resource degradation.
By managing the projects collectively under one well-coordinated umbrella, the ILM Portfolio takes advantage of shared knowledge and resources, facilitating cross-sectoral coordination and dialogue. The result is greater national capacity in natural resource and protected area management, as well as environmental, social and economic benefits that extend far beyond the lifecycle of the projects.
Recognizing the inextricable links between forests, natural resources (such as healthy soils and clean water) and the value chains that depend on them (such as agriculture, timber
The SUSTENTA Program became a government platform which has the approach to integrate management of agriculture and natural resources, stimulate the economy and improve the quality of life of rural families. Through the integration of families in the development of sustainable value chains, and sustainable management of natural resources and land.
Supporting Mozambique's network of national parks and reserves, while enhancing livelihoods in and around these areas, MozBio is strengthening management capacity and promoting nature-based tourism, to create business opportunities and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity.
The second phase of the Government of Mozambique’s Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development Project, known as Mozbio (Phase 2) will help improve the livelihood of local communities living around Conservation Areas (CAs) and support the conservation of Mozambique’s wildlife, biodiversity, and ecosystems.
The DGM provides grants to local communities and Civil Society Organizations to assist them in participating in sustainable forest and land management and REDD+ processes at local, national and global levels.
The project aims to contribute to the adoption of national REDD+ strategy and of the national legal and institutional framework for REDD+.
MozFIP is improving forest governance and promoting sustainable forest and landscape management. Supporting activities that reduce deforestation and promote rural development, the project established a performance-based commercial plantation scheme to encourage smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitate market access and provide technical support.
The Project Development Objective is to strengthen land use rights in selected districts and improve the efficiency and accessibility of land administration services in Mozambique.
Northern Mozambique Rural Resilience Project (MozNorte) aims to improve incomes and build social and economic resilience of local communities in selected rural areas of Northern Mozambique. The operation will contribute to improving access to livelihood opportunities for rural communities affected or at risk of being affected by conflict. It will invest in improved management of natural resources, including forestry, fisheries, biodiversity, and soil, adopting community-driven and climate-sensitive approaches to improve management of natural resources on which rural livelihoods depend.
SWIOFish1-MZ is part of a regional collaboration working to reduce resource degradation and strengthen fisheries management in countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The project is working to coordinate regional fisheries management, increase economic benefits and reduce species-specific pressure by supporting catch diversification and improve governance through public policies interventions.
Sustainable Rural Economy Program (SREP, Phase 1) will provide support to small agriculture producers and fisheries to increase their productivity and access to markets and help MSMEs improve their sales while promoting the adoption of climate-smart agriculture practices. The geographic focus of Phase 1 are the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Tete, Zambezia, Nampula and Niassa.
The Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) will pay Zambezia for success in mitigating climate change by reducing the ongoing high loss of forest cover and reducing the emissions of greenhouses gases.
Knowledge exchange is an integral part of the ILM Portfolio programmatic approach. Below are some highlights of our work:
REPORTS AND BRIEFS
EXPANDING VALUE CHAINS THROUGH SMALL BUSINESS
Maputo, March 2022
In a country where most of the population lives in rural areas and relies on agriculture for daily subsistence and income, small-scale endeavors led by community-based organizations (CBO) have the potential to significantly leverage rural development, provide livelihoods while at the same time foster sustainable land use and natural resource management. In Mareja District, Cabo Delgado Province, the MozDGM project is supporting local communities to promote good beekeeping practices for sustainable apiculture. The initiative, which aims at reducing rural poverty and deforestation rates, includes a partnership with a private wholesaler to increase market access and institutional support for the CBO. Honey production is being carried out by community harvesters, who receive training and capacity building, beehives, and additional resources to promote sustainable honey production. The MozDGM project currently finances 19 small-scale initiatives covering over 1.350 direct beneficiaries in Cabo Delgado and Zambezia.
THE GOVERNMENT OF MOZAMBIQUE LAUNCHES NATION-WIDE PUBLIC CONSULTATIONS TO UPDATE ITS FOREST LAW
Maputo, February 2022
Mozambique’s 34 million hectares of forests generate an annual GDP of US$330 million and employs around 22,000 workers directly. However, levels of deforestation and unsustainable logging remain alarming. The country loses around 267 thousand hectares of forests annually, threatening the livelihoods of rural communities, biodiversity and causing the loss of revenue for the government. With support and technical assistance from the World Bank financed MozFip Project, the public consultations of the forest law was launched representing a step towards greater transparency and accountability in the forest management, enabling the opportunity for Mozambique to adopt a policy that is better aligned with the country’s current and future challenges.
MAPUTO SPECIAL RESERVE AND PONTA DO OURO PARTIAL MARINE RESERVE PROMOTED TO NATIONAL PARK
Maputo, December 2021
On December, the Council of Ministers approved a new Decree creating the Maputo National Park (MNP), as a part of the integrated program of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area that includes, in addition to Mozambique, South Africa and eSwatini. With the enshrinement of these two distinct conservation areas in a National Park, the the GoM aims to increase the conservation and integrated management of one of the most important areas for plant endemism and coastal biodiversity in south-eastern Africa that plays an important role in the provision of environmental services for local communities and the economy.
PROMOTING THE BLUE ECONOMY IN MOZAMBIQUE
Maputo, November 2021
With support from the World Bank and other partners, Mozambique hosted on Nov. 18-19 the second international conference on sustainable blue economy development. Bringing together roughly 1,500 delegates from around the world attended in person and virtually, including practitioners, experts, and stakeholders, the 2021 Growing Blue Conference was an opportunity to share experiences and identify best practices for economic growth, improved livelihoods, and ecosystem health through the sustainable use of ocean resources.
MOZAMBIQUE BECOMES FIRST COUNTRY TO RECEIVE EMISSION REDUCTIONS PAYMENTS FROM FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY
Maputo, October, 2021
Mozambique has become the first country to receive payments from a World Bank trust fund for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The FCPF paid Mozambique $6.4 million for reducing 1.28 million tons of carbon emissions since 2019. The payment is the first of four under the country’s ERPA program with the FCPF that could unlock up to $50 million for reducing up to 10 million tons of C02 emissions in Mozambique’s Zambézia Province by the end of 2024.
WORLD BANK APPROVES TWO NEW PROJECTS TO IMPROVE INCOMES AND RESILIENCE IN THE RURAL ECONOMY OF MOZAMBIQUE
Maputo, August 2021
The ILM Portfolio is happy to introduce MozNorte and SREP—the Portfolio's newest projects. Both operations will be implemented in an integrated approach by the Ministries of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADER), Land and Environment (MTA) and Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries (MIMAIP).
MOZAMBIQUE´S NEW REGULATION FOR THE NATIONAL FISHERIES ADMINISTRATION COMMISSION (CNAP) IS APPROVED
Maputo, July 2021
In a country where over 20% of livelihoods rely on fisheries, the approval of the CNAP is a major step towards promoting the efficient and sustainable management of fishing stocks and ecosystems. The new regulation aims to define the statute and competences of the CNAP (advisory council for the participatory management of fisheries resources) to coordinate efforts for the sustainable use of the country´s fishery resources. The World Bank in Mozambique has been supporting fisheries management and value chain development initiatives through the SWIOFish program.
SUSTAINABLE PLANTATIONS TO BOOST FOREST SECTOR IN ZAMBÉZIA
Maputo, May 2021
More than 2,500 hectares of forests have been planted or restored in Zambézia province, as a result of the Planted Forest Grant Scheme (PFGS), funded by the World Bank’s MozFIP Project. By supporting small and medium commercial tree plantations, the Planted Forest Grant Scheme hopes to boost the forestry sector, increase rural incomes and mitigate climate change by promoting sustainable plantations and restore hectares of degraded forests. “With the guidance and supervision of a project technician, my trees are now 4 meters long,” says Fabião Rosário, PACE do Alto-Molócuè and beneficiary of the project. “Now I know that I am not only investing to improve my quality of life in the future, but also to help fight erosion and make the environment fresher and better.” The PFGS is encouraging smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitating market access and providing technical support in nine districts of Zambézia Province.
MOZDGM APPROVES 18 COMMUNITY PROJECTS
Maputo, March 2021
The National Steering Committee of MozDGM, a project under the ILM Portfolio, has approved 18 community projects for the development of agriculture and forestry businesses in the provinces of Zambézia and Cabo Delgado. The nine projects in Zambézia and nine in Cabo Delgado have begun implementation, covering the value chains of several key products – honey, poultry, native and coconut wood, tourism, cashew, horticulture and cereals. Designed by members of civil society and local community leaders, with technical support from the World Bank and funded by the Forest Investment Program, MozDGM will also provide technical and skills-based trainings to community associations on governance, natural resources management and business development.
MORE THAN 300 LOCAL COMMUNITIES DELIMITED IN ZAMBÉZIA AND NAMPULA
Maputo, February 2021
Improving land tenure by encouraging land registration and land use planning is a key objective of the ILM Portfolio. Through the MozFIP and Sustenta projects, the ILM Portfolio is working with the GoM and Verde Azul to implement the Terra Segura program. So far, more than 350 communities in the provinces of Zambézia and Nampula have been delimited, and morethan 297,000 land use right titles issued. Of these title owners, 53.4% are female. ”Thanks to the project I registered my land. Now I am ease, the DUAT title is in my name and the government already knows this” says Regina Mussaela, a Small Emerging Commercial Farmer (PACE) who is a beneficiary of this land regularization activity in the Zambézia province. Click here to see the maps of the districts and communities covered by the project.
ANAC AND THE GORONGOSA RESTORATION PROJECT SIGN A MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING (MOU) FOR THE CO-MANAGEMENT OF MARROMEU NATIONAL RESERVE
Maputo, January 2020
A partnership for co-managing the Marromeu National Reserve in Sofala province was established between the GoM and the Gorongosa Restoration project with the objective of increasing conservation effectiveness and promoting diversified livelihood improvements among communities inside and around the Reserve. The National Reserve is part of the Marromeu Complex, which comprises the Ramsar’s Wetland of International Importance in the Zambezi Delta and includes a variety of habitats of great importance for wildlife populations. The 12-month MoU will allow increased funding and human resources availability to the Reserve, creating opportunities for knowledge exchange, skills transfer and also improving community benefits. The MoU is expected to transition into a long-term Co-management Agreement by 2022.
MOZDGM APPROVES 7 COMMUNITY PROJECTS
Maputo, November, 2020
The National Steering Committee of MozDGM, a project under the ILM Portfolio, recently approved 7 community projects for the development of agriculture and forestry businesses in the provinces of Zambézia and Cabo Delgado. Designed by members of civil society and local community leaders, with technical support from the World Bank and funded by the Forest Investment Program, MozDGM will also provide technical and skills-based trainings to community associations on governance, natural resources management and business development. Additional projects are expected to be approved in early 2021.
LANDMARK REGULATION FOR EMPOWERING MOZAMBIQUE’S COASTAL COMMUNITIES IN FISHERIES MANAGEMENT
Maputo, October, 2020
Led by the by the Ministry of Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries (MIMAIP) and with technical support of the ILM Portfolio, the GoM, through the Decree of the Council of Ministers Nº 89/2020, published, on 8 October, the new General Marine Fisheries Regulation (REPMAR). With more than half of the population living on the coast, the approval of the updated REPMAR is major step toward sustainable development, aiming to promote the efficient and sustainable use of marine resources in a transparent manner. In addition to the detailed provisions for regulation of fishing activity, this regulation has a specific section on the local co-management of fisheries, enabling, for example, coastal communities to propose and manage marine reserves and specific fishing areas accessible to small scale fisheries with a view of promoting recovery and sustainable management of fishing stocks and ecosystems. The World Bank has been supporting fisheries co-management initiatives through the SWIOFish1-Mozambique project.
MINISTER OF LAND AND ENVIRONMENT ATTENDS THE OPENING CEREMONY OF NEW MANAGEMENT INFRASTRUCTURES IN BAZARUTO ARCHIPELAGO NATIONAL PARK
Maputo, December 2020
Carried out with support from the World Bank’s MozBio 1 Project, the new infrastructures, which required an investment of US$1.3 million, comprise the Headquarter of the Park, located at Sitone, and a satellite camp in Chitoane. During the ceremony, the Minister also handed the local community a symbolic check for 20% of the Park’s tourism revenues, thus allowing them to benefit from MozBio’s support to also improve the benefit-sharing mechanism that returns park revenues to communities. Spanning 1,430 km2, Bazaruto Archipelago National Park harbors a string of sand-ringed islands surrounded by crystal clear waters and irreplaceable terrestrial and marine habitats. Famed for its diverse underwater ecosystems, Bazaruto is a source of tourism livelihoods for surrounding communities and attracts divers and outdoor enthusiasts from around the world.
MOZAMBIQUE HITS MILESTONE WITH BENEFIT SHARING PLAN
Maputo, December 2020
Mozambique became the first FCPF Carbon Fund country to finalize and publicly disclose its benefit sharing plan (ENG and PT). The plan lays out how potential payments for emissions reduction will be distributed among the country’s wide range of stakeholders, including local communities, the private sector, as well as local, provincial and national governments.
ONE STEP CLOSER TO RECEIVE PAYMENTS FOR EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS
Maputo, August, 2020
As part of Mozambique’s Emissions Reductions program in Zambézia Province, the government submitted the first monitoring report (MR) to the Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). Following the Reporting, last month an external verification contracted by the FCPF Carbon Fund has started to assessment the data generated. Mozambique became the first FCPF Carbon Fund country to finalize the MR, a major step forward the country’s ongoing efforts to reduce carbon emissions from its forest sector, and will be the first country to receive payments for Emissions Reduction.
INTRODUCING THE PLANTED FOREST GRANT SCHEME
Maputo, March 2020
The Planted Forest Grant Scheme (PFGS), funded by the MozFIP and implemented by FNDS, is encouraging smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitating market access and providing technical support in nine districts of Zambézia Province. By supporting small and medium commercial tree plantations, the Planted Forest Grant Scheme hopes to boost the forestry sector, increase rural incomes and mitigate climate change by establishing a minimum of 3,000 hectares of sustainable, multipurpose plantations and restore an additional 500+ hectares of degraded forests.
The ILM Portfolio works closely with both the public and private sectors and maintains strong working relationships with key development partners in Mozambique.
In 2016, after several partners expressed interest in deepening collaboration in the forestry agenda by increasing their financial contribution, the Bank created a Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Integrated Landscape and Forest Management.
Currently, the following agencies and programs are engaged with the ILM Portfolio:
At a time when an integrated approach to natural resource and forest management is gaining prominence worldwide, the Government of Mozambique places sustainable management of natural resources and forests as a priority in its governance efforts, as reflected in the Government’s Five Year Plan 2015-2019 and in the National Sustainable Development Program (NSDP). Sustainable management of natural resources and forests contributes to improving the lives of rural communities.
The Integrated Landscape Management (ILM) Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) was created in 2016 with the objective to support the government of Mozambique’s strategic efforts to reduce deforestation and environmental degradation, strengthen resilience to climate change, and improve rural livelihoods through an integrated landscape management approach. This annual progress report presents progress, achievements, challenges of the MDTF for ILM in Mozambique for 2020, as well a proposed way forward.