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Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM)

Enhancing the living conditions of rural communities and promoting sustainable natural resource management through a cross-sectoral portfolio of projects.

Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM) brings together a series of projects to promote the sustainable management of renewable natural resources (forests, wildlife, land, and fisheries) and improve livelihoods in the country’s most vulnerable rural communities.

In a country where over 70% of households rely on natural resources, the ILM Portfolio is promoting a healthy coexistence between humans and nature by tackling deforestation and resource exploitation, together with challenges such as rural poverty, community rights and land management.


Combining on-ground investments, technical assistance, analytical work and results-based finance, the over USD $500 million Portfolio assists the Government of Mozambique in improving the livelihood of rural communities, in promoting small and medium businesses linked to agriculture and natural resources, with an emphasis on women and youth, and promotes sustainable management of natural resources, including curbing deforestation, illegal timber and wildlife trade and resource degradation.

By managing the projects collectively under one well-coordinated umbrella, the ILM Portfolio takes advantage of shared knowledge and resources, facilitating cross-sectoral coordination and dialogue. The result is greater national capacity in natural resource and protected area management, as well as environmental, social and economic benefits that extend far beyond the lifecycle of the projects.

US$ Million by Fiscal Year of Budget.


Recognizing the inextricable links between forests, natural resources (such as healthy soils and clean water) and the value chains that depend on them (such as agriculture, timber and tourism), the ILM Portfolio collectively manages several projects, each with a specific focus:


Mozambique Forest Investment Project (MozFIP)

MozFIP is improving forest governance and promoting sustainable forest and landscape management. Supporting activities that reduce deforestation and promote rural development, the project established a performance-based commercial plantation scheme to encourage smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitate market access and provide technical support. 

Dedicated Grant Mechanism for Local Communities (DGM)

The DGM provides grants to local communities and Civil Society Organizations to assist them in participating in sustainable forest and land management and REDD+ processes at local, national and global levels.

FCPF REDD+ Readiness Preparation Support

The project aims to contribute to the adoption of national REDD+ strategy and of the national legal and institutional framework for REDD+.

Zambezia Emissions Reductions Project

The Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) will pay Zambezia for success in mitigating climate change by reducing the ongoing high loss of forest cover and reducing the emissions of greenhouses gases.


Conservations Areas for Biodiversity & Development Project (MozBio)

Supporting Mozambique's network of national parks and reserves, while enhancing livelihoods in and around these areas, MozBio is strengthening management capacity and promoting nature-based tourism, to create business opportunities and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity.

Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development – (MozBio Phase 2)

The second phase of the Government of Mozambique’s Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development Project, known as Mozbio (Phase 2) will help improve the livelihood of local communities living around Conservation Areas (CAs) and support the conservation of Mozambique’s wildlife, biodiversity, and ecosystems.


Sustainable Fishing in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIOFish1)

SWIOFish1-MZ is part of a regional collaboration working to reduce resource degradation and strengthen fisheries management in countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The project is working to coordinate regional fisheries management, increase economic benefits and reduce species-specific pressure by supporting catch diversification and improve governance through public policies interventions.


ILM Programmatic Technical Assistance

Technical Assistance provided to the Government is increasing institutional capacity and promoting sustainable rural development. This assistance is provided under three pillars: The National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS), analytical work in forestry management and climate change adaptation and strategic outreach and partnership creation between the Government, civil society, and academia. 

TA on Integrated Forests and Landscape Management

The objective of this Technical Assistance is to strengthen the institutional capacity of MZ Government and other partners in managing forests and landscapes while promoting rural development.


Agriculture & Natural Resources Landscape Management (SUSTENTA)

The SUSTENTA Program became a government platform which has the approach to integrate management of agriculture and natural resources, stimulate the economy and improve the quality of life of rural families. Through the integration of families in the development of sustainable value chains, and sustainable management of natural resources and land.


Mozambique Land Administration Project - Terra Segura - (MozLand)

The Project Development Objective is to strengthen land use rights in selected districts and improve the efficiency and accessibility of land administration services in Mozambique.

Knowledge exchange is an integral part of the ILM Portfolio programmatic approach. Below are some highlights of our work:






A complete, user-friendly library of ILM Portfolio resources that continues to grow with the latest research, reports and documents.


Maputo, March 2020
The Planted Forest Grant Scheme (PFGS), funded by the MozFIP and implemented by FNDS, is encouraging smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitating market access and providing technical support in nine districts of Zambézia Province. By supporting small and medium commercial tree plantations, the Planted Forest Grant Scheme hopes to boost the forestry sector, increase rural incomes and mitigate climate change by establishing a minimum of 3,000 hectares of sustainable, multipurpose plantations and restore an additional 500+ hectares of degraded forests.

Maputo, December 2019
Mozambique has launched an ongoing series of activities to build a healthier forestry industry, reduce deforestation and promote rural development. Through what is known as the Planted Forests Grant Schemes (PFGS), Mozambique unlocks new sources of income that will largely contribute to the local economy and better land use management. A knowledge exchange with Portugal in December provided an opportunity to share expert knowledge-such as subsidies arrangements and other forest operations under the scheme-between government officials, private sector and PFGS beneficiaries from Mozambique.

Maputo, November 2019
“MozBio came and taught us to walk with our own legs, now it is up to us replicate the knowledge we have gained and to continue to make our own way”. This is how Rainha Macamo, member of the Chimanimani Farmers Association, opened her speech during the Voices of the Earth Seminar. Organized by the Government of Mozambique, the event aimed to share lessons learned by communities from seven Conservation Areas benefited by MozBio 1 Project and discuss the development of these communities, creating a knowledge and learning base for future interventions.

Maputo, October 2019
21 antelopes were integrated into the Maputo Special Reserve, from where they had been absent for more than three decades. Carried out with support from MozBio Project, funded by the World Bank in Mozambique, the reintroduction of the species takes Mozambique one step closer to fully restoring balance the biodiversity.

Maputo, August 2019
The Marine Spatial Plan (MSP), led by the Ministry of Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries and supported by SWIOFISH, was launched in August and It will be an essential legal instrument for guiding the sustainable development of fisheries and the Blue Economy in the country and promote the rational, efficient and sustainable use of marine resources in a sustainable and transparent manner.

Geneva, August 18, 2019
To highlight Mozambique’s key challenges in combating poaching and illegal wildlife trade, the government recently hosted a side event during the 18th CITIES COP in late August in Geneva. Underlining their commitment to the Convention, Mozambique presented the results of the National Elephant Census 2018, indicating that the country has maintained the average of 10,800 elephants since the 2014 census.

Mozambique, July 2019
Mais Peixe Sustentável, a new project under the ILM Porfolio's - SWIOfish program, made the first delivery of products to support fisheries activities in Nampula Province. More than 30 beneficiaries received means of transport, fishing materials and storage and conservation of fish to boost economic output and promote sustainable development in fisheries and aquaculture value chains.

Mauritius, July 2019
Representatives of the fisheries sector from the Government of Mozambique, participated in the WIOMSA’s 11th Scientific Symposium in Mauritius dedicated to promoting the educational, scientific and technological development of all aspects of marine sciences throughout the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) region.
This workshop presented an opportunity to discuss the work of the Mozambique’s SWIOFish Program, as part of a regional collaboration between twelve countries in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO), who are working to reduce resource degradation and strengthen fisheries management to boost the regional economy and enhance local livelihoods. Healthy coastal and marine ecosystems in the SWIO are part of a larger common good, with each country relying on its neighbour to sustainably manage resources and maintain clean waters for the benefit of the region.

Maputo, Mozambique, June 2019
Hack4Moz 2019 brought together about 150 students to help identify innovative solutions to some of Mozambique’s greatest social, economic and environmental challenges. The ILM Portfolio team contributed with information and expertise on Sustainable - Forests, Fisheries and Biodiversity - hoping to spur new initiatives to promote the sustainable use of Mozambique’s natural resources. Among about 32 teams registered, 10 of them for sustainability, the big winner "Blue Fishing" won 1,000 meticais and access to an incubator and a bootcamp for six months.

Maputo, May 2019: Fisheries governance in Mozambique took a major step forward this month with the online publication of key fisheries licensing and quota allocation information. In a country where over 20% of livelihoods rely on fisheries, increased licensing transparency enables more effective coastal and marine governance and supports livelihood growth. The World Bank-financed SWIOFish program is assisting the Ministry of Sea, Inland Water and Fisheries with database development, improving data collection and analysis, updating priority fisheries management plans, and other governance strengthening measures. Increased transparency and good governance is a key agenda that the World Bank will continue to support.

Maputo, May 23–24
With support from the World Bank and other partners, Mozambique recently hosted the country’s first biennial international conference dedicated to the development of the blue economy.  Bringing together practitioners, experts and stakeholders from across the country and around the region, the 2019 Growing Blue Conference marks the start of the country’s commitment to the UN’s global call-to-action on the sustainable use and conservation of the world’s oceans.
“Only if we can balance the need for economic growth with climate-smart, sustainable development can we overcome conflicts between the various demands on our oceans” said Mark Lundell, World Bank Country Director in Mozambique, speaking at the conference opening. “We believe that by encouraging a conducive investment environment, private investors will lead in the development of a blue economy that supports the sustainable use of ocean resources for economic growth and better livelihoods without compromising the health of our valuable ocean ecosystems.”

Maputo, Mozambique
With support and technical assistance from the World Bank, Mozambique is now able to publicly share current deforestation data and results collected through the National Forest Inventory. These online data sharing and visualization platforms are a first for the country and make a significant contribution towards information sharing and transparency. Up to date, public data is critical for robust policy development, monitoring illegal and unstainable forest activity, and ongoing research and transparency. As such, the ILM Portfolio is pleased to share these important resources with a wider audience: National Forest Inventory results (by province) | Deforestation visualization platform

Maputo, Mozambique, April 2019
As the host of this year’s Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) Plenary—a global event that coordinates assistance to developing countries in identifying and improving gaps in forest monitoring—Mozambique showcased the country’s recent work in monitoring deforestation and emissions estimates. The multi-day event provided opportunity for the ILM Portfolio’s colleagues at the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development to share results and accomplishments—such as the $50 million Emissions Reductions Payment Agreement recently signed with the Forest Carbon Partnership Fund—while also seeking support from GFOI experts in areas such as policy development, data sharing, and Measurement, Reporting and Verification procedures. The GFOI Plenary sessions also assist in bridging the divide between science and policy both for forest management in Mozambique and around the world. Click here for more information: https://www.fao.org/gfoi/news-events/events/gfoiplenary2019/en/

Maputo, Mozambique, April 2019
Hack4Moz 2019 brings together students, leaders and experts to help identify innovative solutions to some of Mozambique’s greatest social, economic and environmental challenges. With support from the World Bank, Hack4Moz is running a series of events and activities—such as masterclasses, meet-ups, boot camps, and brainstorming sessions—to generate technology-based solutions that offer opportunity for entrepreneurship and private sector growth.  The ILM Portfolio team is contributing information and expertise on Mozambique’s on Forests, Fisheries and Biodiversity, hoping to spur new initiatives to help curb deforestation and promote the sustainable use of Mozambique’s natural resources. 


More events

The ILM Portfolio works closely with both the public and private sectors and maintains strong working relationships with key development partners in Mozambique.

In 2016, after several partners expressed interest in deepening collaboration in the forestry agenda by increasing their financial contribution, the Bank created a Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Integrated Landscape and Forest Management.

Currently, the following agencies and programs are engaged with the ILM Portfolio:

  • Government of Mozambique
  • Government of Sweden
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
  • European Union
  • KfW Group
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
  • Peace Parks Foundation

Integrated Landscape and Forest Management in Mozambique

At a time when an integrated approach to natural resource and forest management is gaining prominence worldwide, the Government of Mozambique places sustainable management of natural resources and forests as a priority in its governance efforts, as reflected in the Government’s Five Year Plan 2015-2019 and in the National Sustainable Development Program (NSDP). Sustainable management of natural resources and forests contributes to improving the lives of rural communities.

MDTF Annual Report 2019

This annual progress report presents progress, achievements, challenges of the multi-donor trust fund (MDTF) for integrated landscape and management (ILM) in Mozambique for 2019, as well as a way forward.


Franka Braun

Senior Natural Resource Management Specialist
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