Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM)

Enhancing the living conditions of rural communities and promoting sustainable natural resource management through a cross-sectoral portfolio of projects.

Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM) brings together a series of projects to promote the sustainable management of renewable natural resources (forests, wildlife, land, and fisheries) and improve livelihoods in the country’s most vulnerable rural communities.

In a country where over 70% of households rely on natural resources, the ILM Portfolio is promoting a healthy coexistence between humans and nature by tackling deforestation and resource exploitation, together with challenges such as rural poverty, community rights and land management.


Combining on-ground investments, technical assistance, analytical work and results-based finance, the over USD $500 million Portfolio assists the Government of Mozambique in improving the livelihood of rural communities, in promoting small and medium businesses linked to agriculture and natural resources, with an emphasis on women and youth, and promotes sustainable management of natural resources, including curbing deforestation, illegal timber and wildlife trade and resource degradation.

By managing the projects collectively under one well-coordinated umbrella, the ILM Portfolio takes advantage of shared knowledge and resources, facilitating cross-sectoral coordination and dialogue. The result is greater national capacity in natural resource and protected area management, as well as environmental, social and economic benefits that extend far beyond the lifecycle of the projects.

US$ Million by Fiscal Year of Budget.

Recognizing the inextricable links between forests, natural resources (such as healthy soils and clean water) and the value chains that depend on them (such as agriculture, timber and tourism), the ILM Portfolio collectively manages several projects, each with a specific focus:


Mozambique Forest Investment Project (MozFIP)

MozFIP is improving forest governance and promoting sustainable forest and landscape management. Supporting activities that reduce deforestation and promote rural development, the project established a performance-based commercial plantation scheme to encourage smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitate market access and provide technical support. 

Dedicated Grant Mechanism for Local Communities (DGM)

The DGM provides grants to local communities and Civil Society Organizations to assist them in participating in sustainable forest and land management and REDD+ processes at local, national and global levels.

FCPF REDD+ Readiness Preparation Support

The project aims to contribute to the adoption of national REDD+ strategy and of the national legal and institutional framework for REDD+.

Zambezia Emissions Reductions Project

The Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) will pay Zambezia for success in mitigating climate change by reducing the ongoing high loss of forest cover and reducing the emissions of greenhouses gases.


Conservations Areas for Biodiversity & Development Project (MozBio)

Supporting Mozambique's network of national parks and reserves, while enhancing livelihoods in and around these areas, MozBio is strengthening management capacity and promoting nature-based tourism, to create business opportunities and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity.

Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development – (MozBio Phase 2)

The second phase of the Government of Mozambique’s Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development Project, known as Mozbio (Phase 2) will help improve the livelihood of local communities living around Conservation Areas (CAs) and support the conservation of Mozambique’s wildlife, biodiversity, and ecosystems.


Sustainable Fishing in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIOFish1)

SWIOFish1-MZ is part of a regional collaboration working to reduce resource degradation and strengthen fisheries management in countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The project is working to coordinate regional fisheries management, increase economic benefits and reduce species-specific pressure by supporting catch diversification and improve governance through public policies interventions.

Artisanal Fisheries and Climate Change Project (FishCC)

FishCC is a pilot project working to improve community management of selected priority fisheries through the establishment of Territorial User Rights for Fisheries (TURFs). It is financed through a grant from the Nordic Development Fund, with the World Bank acting as trustee. FishCC has three key components: Improve community rights-based fishery management, Improve livelihoods and Integrate social marketing strategies.


ILM Programmatic Technical Assistance

Technical Assistance provided to the Government is increasing institutional capacity and promoting sustainable rural development. This assistance is provided under three pillars: The National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS), analytical work in forestry management and climate change adaptation and strategic outreach and partnership creation between the Government, civil society, and academia. 

TA on Integrated Forests and Landscape Management

The objective of this Technical Assistance is to strengthen the institutional capacity of MZ Government and other partners in managing forests and landscapes while promoting rural development.


Agriculture & Natural Resources Landscape Management (SUSTENTA)

The SUSTENTA Program became a government platform which has the approach to integrate management of agriculture and natural resources, stimulate the economy and improve the quality of life of rural families. Through the integration of families in the development of sustainable value chains, and sustainable management of natural resources and land.


Mozambique Land Administration Project - Terra Segura - (MozLand)

The Project Development Objective is to strengthen land use rights in selected districts and improve the efficiency and accessibility of land administration services in Mozambique.

Knowledge exchange is an integral part of the ILM Portfolio programmatic approach. Below are some highlights of our work:






A complete, user-friendly library of ILM Portfolio resources that continues to grow with the latest research, reports and documents.


Maputo, Mozambique: With support and technical assistance from the World Bank, Mozambique is now able to publicly share current deforestation data and results collected through the National Forest Inventory. These online data sharing and visualization platforms are a first for the country and make a significant contribution towards information sharing and transparency. Up to date, public data is critical for robust policy development, monitoring illegal and unstainable forest activity, and ongoing research and transparency. As such, the ILM Portfolio is pleased to share these important resources with a wider audience: National Forest Inventory results (by province) | Deforestation visualization platform


Maputo, Mozambique, April 2019: As the host of this year’s Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) Plenary—a global event that coordinates assistance to developing countries in identifying and improving gaps in forest monitoring—Mozambique showcased the country’s recent work in monitoring deforestation and emissions estimates. The multi-day event provided opportunity for the ILM Portfolio’s colleagues at the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development to share results and accomplishments—such as the $50 million Emissions Reductions Payment Agreement recently signed with the Forest Carbon Partnership Fund—while also seeking support from GFOI experts in areas such as policy development, data sharing, and Measurement, Reporting and Verification procedures. The GFOI Plenary sessions also assist in bridging the divide between science and policy both for forest management in Mozambique and around the world. Click here for more information:


Maputo, Mozambique, April 2019: Hack4Moz 2019 brings together students, leaders and experts to help identify innovative solutions to some of Mozambique’s greatest social, economic and environmental challenges. With support from the World Bank, Hack4Moz is running a series of events and activities—such as masterclasses, meet-ups, boot camps, and brainstorming sessions—to generate technology-based solutions that offer opportunity for entrepreneurship and private sector growth.  The ILM Portfolio team is contributing information and expertise on Mozambique’s on Forests, Fisheries and Biodiversity, hoping to spur new initiatives to help curb deforestation and promote the sustainable use of Mozambique’s natural resources. Click here for more information:


Maputo, Mozambique, March, 2019: Representatives from the Government of Mozambique, along with ILM team members, participated in a workshop focused on unlocking private sector finance in sustainable landscape management co-hosted by the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility and the International Emissions Trading Association. This workshop presented an opportunity to discuss the work of the Mozambique ILM portfolio improving livelihoods in the country’s most vul­nerable rural communities and some of the ways in which small- to medium-sized enterprises and smallholders are supported through this work, as well as explore new ways to collaborate with private sector actors.


Maputo, Mozambique, March 14th, 2019: The World Bank participated in a Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) workshop hosted by a dedicated working group that is receiving ongoing support under the Bank’s Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio.  Bringing together a diverse range of key stakeholders and decision makers in rural development—from high level government representatives, to community members, non-profit organizations and universities—the working group is the result of a Bank-supported CBNRM Conference in held in Maputo in 2018. In Mozambique, CBNRM is recognized as one of the most important tools for promoting sustainable rural development and the working group is currently developing a National CBNRM Program that will consolidate the country’s CBNRM approach and create a network of experts to continuously support community groups and build natural resource management capacity. 


Washington, DC, March 14, 2019: The One Planet Summit webpage was launched this week, with the first story featuring Biodiversity in Africa. Mozambique, Gabon, Tanzania and South Africa, are each part of a series that will run ahead of the third edition of the One Planet Summit which will take place in Nairobi, Kenya, on March 14, 2019. The Summit brings together global leaders, entrepreneurs, international organizations, and civil society, to help accelerate and focus attention on climate investments in line with the Paris Agreement objectives. For more information click here. Watch the video.


Maputo, Mozambique, March 4th, 2019: In honor of World Wildlife Day, the ILM Portfolio teamed up with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and World Conservation Society to present a film and debate on wildlife conservation in Mozambique. Produced by our partners at the Global Wildlife Program and set in the Niassa National Reserve in north-west Mozambique, the video depicts the selfless efforts of rangers to combat poaching in the country's largest conservation area. Participant discussion centered on effective protected area management and support to rangers and local people so that the country can continue to protect its wildlife and biodiversity while also engaging the surrounding communities and stakeholders—key concerns of the World Bank in Mozambique. Partnerships and collaboration are at the heart of all ILM Portfolio projects and events such as these offer important opportunities to share knowledge and strengthen networks with organizations striving for the collective goal of enhancing sustainable rural development in Mozambique.  


More events

The ILM Portfolio works closely with both the public and private sectors and maintains strong working relationships with key development partners in Mozambique.

In 2016, after several partners expressed interest in deepening collaboration in the forestry agenda by increasing their financial contribution, the Bank created a Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Integrated Landscape and Forest Management.

Currently, the following agencies and programs are engaged with the ILM Portfolio:

  • The National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS)
  • National Administration for Conservation Areas (ANAC)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
  • European Union
  • KfW Group
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
  • Peace Parks Foundation



Integrated Landscape and Forest Management in Mozambique

The Government of Mozambique prioritizes sustainable management of natural resources and forests in its governance efforts, as reflected in the Government’s Five Year Plan and in the National Sustainable Development Program (NSDP).

MDTF Annual Report 2018

This Annual Progress Report presents progress, achievements, challenges and a proposed way forward of the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for Integrated Landscape and Management (ILM) in Mozambique for 2018.


André Rodrigues de Aquino

Senior Natural Resources Management Specialist
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