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GovTech: Putting People First

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  • Interoperability GovTech working groups

    Interoperability frameworks are a key enabler for GovTech, the World Bank’s whole-ofgovernment approach to public sector modernization, as they reduce system boundaries between government agencies by setting standards and guidelines across government systems to allow for seamless exchange of information and communication between systems. But governments may face several challenges when setting up and implementing interoperability frameworks, related to a mix of technical, semantic, legal, organizational, and cultural factors.

    This How-to Note provides advice on what interoperability in the public sector is, why it is needed and how it can be implemented with various examples and a whole-of-government approach to interoperability taking into account both digital and nondigital aspects is of the essence.

  • Tech Savvy Advancing GovTech Reforms in Public Administration
    Tech Savvy : Advancing GovTech Reforms in Public Administration

    GovTech is one strategy that governments have adopted to more effectively respond to citizen needs and improve the effectiveness and efficiency of public service delivery. Yet, all too often a government’s information and communications technology (ICT) projects do not deliver on their promise, and the public sector has a history of projects falling short of expectations, going over time and budget and taking years to deliver on their potential. There are a number of challenges that need to be overcome for GovTech solutions to work, and this report focuses on three key challenges that the World Development Report (WDR) 2016 called the analog complements, which underpin effective digital transformation in the public sector: a whole-of-government coordination, civil service digital skill development, and an innovative culture in public sector organizations. This report focuses on three key analogue complements that can get in the way of successful GovTech projects: coordination, capacity, and culture.

  • The World Bank
    GovTech Case Studies: Solutions that Work
    Case Study Series

    A series of GovTech case study notes — GovTech Case Studies: Solutions that Work — provides a better understanding of GovTech focus areas by introducing concrete experiences of adopting GovTech solutions, lessons learned and what worked or did not work. Read the first set of case studies which explores GovTech solutions implemented in Brazil, Cambodia, Georgia, Lesotho, Myanmar, and Nigeria.

  • GovTech Maturity Index
    GovTech Maturity Index(GTMI): The State of Public Sector Digital Transformation

    The GovTech Maturity Index provides a global snapshot of GovTech maturity, along with a diverse set of good practice examples and entry points for enhancing technology. It is a composite index that uses 48 key indicators. This report provides a comprehensive review of how far 198 nations have come and still need to go. The study specifies areas for improvement so that policy makers and their advisers can make informed decisions on how to tackle specific challenges to advance public sector modernization. Practitioners will also be able to use it as a resource to design new digital transformation projects.

  • The World Bank
    GovTech Strategic Plan for Impact FY2022-2024 : Priorities and Entry Points to Support GovTech Maturity

    The GovTech Strategic Plan for Impact FY2022-2024: Priorities and Entry Points to Support GovTech Maturity provides a GovTech roadmap for the World Bank and the Governance Global Practice. The roadmap reflects evolving client priorities and GovTech team positioning relating the larger digital economy and inclusive economic growth agenda. Read the Paper.

  • The World Bank
    World Bank Guidebook for Accessible GovTech

    The World Bank has committed to supporting the development of universally accessible GovTech in the lower income countries that benefit from resources of the International Development Association (IDA). This guidebook aims to provide development practitioners and governments with steps and actions to mainstream accessibility concerns in the development of GovTech projects and adopt accessibility as a systematic feature of digital solutions in the provision of public services.

  • The World Bank
    GovTech: The New Frontier in Digital Government Transformation

    This brief introduces GovTech for the World Bank staff and client countries to support public sector modernization using technology. The note helps teams and country officials working on the GovTech agenda by providing a clear definition and clarity on GovTech concepts for use in policy dialogues and operations. The note also provides information on the World Bank’s GovTech Global Partnership (GTGP) that was established in the Spring of 2019. 

  • The World Bank
    GovTech State of Play: Challenges and Opportunities

    This brief details the current status of our GovTech agenda that aims to support task teams engaging with clients to work on public sector modernization using technology and grappling with how proposed solutions align with the GovTech approach. This note also presents an overview of the GovTech portfolio, and the mapping of existing digital government projects to new areas of GovTech focus. Additionally, considering the progress made toward GovTech’s goal, the note summarizes challenges and opportunities for teams developing GovTech projects.

  • The World Bank
    GovTech Launch Report and Short-Term Action Plan

    This report presents the work program priorities for the first two years of the World Bank’s GovTech Global Partnership (GTGP), drawing upon the trends in GovTech applications and lessons learned from the last 25 years of the Bank’s support to governments using technology to improve the effectiveness of the public administration and service delivery.


  • The World Bank
    Artificial Intelligence in the Public Sector

    This note examines the opportunities and challenges of deploying AI in government. As governments confront the economic and health challenges arising from COVID 19, the impact on government’s fiscal stress and mobility limitations on citizens and civil servants are proving to be drivers for governments to find more technologically enabled solutions to improve or continue services and to do so without increasing the costs, and to find ways to cut costs and corruption. 

    Full Report     Summary Note

  • The World Bank
    Data, Digitalization, and Governance

    This report summarizes recent developments and presents the outlook for the region. It also focuses on governance, a key development issue in Europe and Central Asia, the importance of which has also been highlighted during the COVID-19 crisis, since government quality, public trust, and credibility are vital elements of success in fighting the pandemic.

  • WDR _2021
    World Development Report 2021: Data for Better Lives

    This Report aims to answer two fundamental questions. First, how can data better advance development objectives? Second, what kind of data governance arrangements are needed to support the generation and use of data in a safe, ethical, and secure way while also delivering value equitably?

  • The World Bank
    World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends

    Digital technologies have spread rapidly in much of the world. Digital dividends—that is, the broader development benefits from using these technologies—have lagged behind. In many instances, digital technologies have boosted growth, expanded opportunities, and improved service delivery. To get the most out of the digital revolution, countries also need to work on the “analog complements”—by strengthening regulations that ensure competition among businesses, by adapting workers’ skills to the demands of the new economy, and by ensuring that institutions are accountable. Check out the report.

  • The World Bank
    Distributed Ledger Technology and Blockchain

    This note on distributed ledger technology (DLT) and blockchains is part of a series of short notes that explore new trends and developments in Fintech and analyze their potential relevance for WBG activities. Forthcoming notes in this series will cover marketplace lending, ‘InsureTech’, and other topics. This note outlines the mechanisms, origins, and key characteristics of DLT.