The program supports research specifically targeted to address forced displacement in five thematic areas: education, gender, health, jobs, and social protection. Grants are given to top research institutions to produce analyses exploring the following themes:
Women and children who are forcibly displaced due to conflict, violence, and natural disasters are highly vulnerable to hardships and human rights violations. According to available data, in 2019, 51 % of the displaced were women, and 48 % were children. The program addresses gender inequality through a series of new empirical analyses across a range of settings that looks at the gender dimensions of forced displacement.
Read our published research:
- Forced Displacement, Gender, and Livelihoods: Refugees in Ethiopia
- Differences in Household Composition: Hidden Dimensions of Poverty and Displacement in Somalia
- Conflict, Displacement and Overlapping Vulnerabilities: Understanding Risk Factors for Gender-Based Violence among Displaced Women in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
- How Do Gender Norms Shape Education and Domestic Work Outcomes The Case of Syrian Refugee Adolescents in Jordan | Blog
- Intimate Partner Violence and Household Decision Making Autonomy: Effects of the Malian Conflict on Women
- Do Gender Norms Become Less Traditional with Displacement The Case of Colombia | Blog
- Multidimensional Poverty, Gender, and Forced Displacement: A Multi-Country, Intrahousehold Analysis in Sub-Saharan Africa
- The Double Burden of Female Protracted Displacement: Survey Evidence on Gendered Livelihoods in El Fasher, Darfur
- The Risk That Travels with You : Links between Forced Displacement, Conflict and Intimate Partner Violence in Colombia and Liberia
- A Multi-Country Analysis of Multidimensional Poverty in Contexts of Forced Displacement
- How Does Poverty Differ Among Refugees? Taking a Gender Lens to the Data on Syrian Refugees in Jordan
- Effect of Armed Conflict on Intimate Partner Violence: Evidence from the Boko Haram Insurgency in Nigeria
Also, read the blog.
This study examines how public policies can address social inequalities that lead to or are the consequence of forced displacement crises. Through the lens of social inequalities, the study looks at the roots of social conflicts and population displacements, how forced displacement crises can be prevented or how they can be quickly stabilized at early stages before they become chronic problems that require complex sustainable solutions. The study will focus on critical inequalities such as those of income, opportunities, access to services or gender inequalities, between and within displaced populations and host communities.
Read the Reports:
- Social Cohesion, Economic Security, and Forced Displacement in the Long-Run: Evidence from Rural Colombia
- Extortion and Civic Engagement among Guatemalan Deportees
- Forced Displacement, Exposure to Conflict and Long-run Education and Income Inequality: Evidence from Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Displacement and Social Empowerment: Evidence from Surveys of IDPs in Iraq, the Philippines, and Uganda
- Superstitions and Civilian Displacement: Evidence from the Colombian Conflict
- Displacement and Return in the Internet Era: How Social Media Captures Migration Decisions in Northern Syria
- Local Peace Agreements and the Return of IDPs with Perceived ISIL Affiliation in Iraq
- Social Cohesion and Refugee Host Interactions: Evidence from East Africa
- How do Shared Experiences of Economic Shocks Impact Refugees and Host Communities: Evidence from Afghan Refugees in Iran
- Long-term Effects of the 1923 Mass Refugee Inflow on Social Cohesion in Greece
- Forced Migration, Social Cohesion and Conflict: The 2015 Refugee Inflow in Germany
- Labor Market Integration, Local Conditions and Inequalities: Evidence from Refugees in Switzerland
- Inclusive Refugee-Hosting in Uganda Improves Local Development and Prevents Public Backlash
- Immigration, Labor Markets and Discrimination: Evidence from the Venezuelan Exodus in Perú
- The Geography of Displacement, Refugees’ Camps and Social Conflicts
- Attitudes and Policies toward Refugees: Evidence from Low- and Middle-Income Countries
Watch the event:
In fragile and conflict-affected situations, the influx of large numbers of refugees and internally displaced people can severely stress health systems. This research theme provides practical programming and policy guidance to national and international actors who are involved in directing and funding health responses in situations of forced displacement. It identifies optimal approaches that respond to the health needs of displaced populations, while also strengthening health systems for the host populations.
Read the Report:
Read the country reports:
- Bangladesh Country Report
- Colombia Country Report
- Democratic Republic of the Congo Country Report
- Jordan Country Report
Read the knowledge briefs:
- Preventing and Mitigating Indirect Health Impacts of COVID-19 on Displaced Populations in Humanitarian Settings I Release event
- Family Violence Protection in the Context of COVID-19 and Forced Displacement I Release event
- Addressing the Human Capital Dimension of the COVID-19 Response in Forced Displacement Settings I Release event
- Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Colombia on utilization of medical services by Venezuelan migrants and Colombian citizens
To address the longer duration and urbanization of displacement situations, there is a growing interest in linking humanitarian assistance to national social protection systems that meet the needs of those displaced and build capacity to support national programs.
This research aims to better understand how social protection systems and humanitarian systems can work together to meet the needs of displaced populations—including vulnerable households in host communities —and how these systems can improve social cohesion between these two groups.
Read our report:
Three country reports
- Integrating assistance to the displaced into a social protection system in Cameroon. An ideal, but in whose interests?
- Social protection responses to forced displacement in Colombia
- Humanitarian assistance and social protection responses to the forcibly displaced in Greece
Four thematic papers
- Humanitarian assistance and social protection in contexts of forced displacement: effects on social cohesion
- Basic needs and wellbeing in displacement settings: the role of humanitarian assistance and social protection
- Adjusting social protection delivery to support displaced populations
- Coverage: this paper will be published in September
- Linking social protection and humanitarian assistance. A toolkit to support social cohesion in displacement settings
- Basic needs and wellbeing: to be published in October
- Delivery: to be published in October
- Factors and actors: to be published in October
- Social protection and forcibly displaced people: a literature review
- Effects of assistance provision on social cohesion in contexts of forced displacement: a background literature review
Communications and dissemination outputs:
- Addressing the protection gap in Greece
- Protecting the most vulnerable and promoting integration in Colombia
- Using WhatsApp to collect data on displaced Venezuelans, internally displaced populations, and host communities in Colombia during COVID-19 lockdowns
- Quick wins aren’t the way to coherence between social protection and humanitarian assistance in Cameroon
- Emerging Research on Social Protection in Contexts of Fragility and Displacement
- Social protection responses to forced displacement in Colombia
- Cameroon event (coming soon)
- Presentation to researchers and civil society in Greece organized by the National Centre for Social Research
- Presentation during the Hellenic Sociological Society (HSS) annual research conference
This research theme focuses on the implementation, impact, costs, and cost-effectiveness of education interventions for forcibly displaced populations and host communities, as well as what programs and policies are needed to provide inclusive and quality education for forcibly displaced populations.
Findings of the education global study were presented on September 29 in Geneva at a workshop titled ‘Evidence in Action’, jointly organized by the UNHCR, the JDC and the Building the Evidence Program. The presentation was featured in the workshop session titled ‘Learning and doing: Institutionalizing recent findings on education for refugees’.
With an increase in the duration of displacement, a policy shift is underway from focusing on humanitarian aid to development funding to include livelihood-oriented funding. This approach focuses on long-term, positive socioeconomic impacts for both displaced and host communities. It emphasizes self-reliance for refugees and realizing their own ambitions. This research examines the cost effectiveness of proposed livelihood interventions in a displacement context and the high-level advocacy and policy or legal changes required to make refugees self-reliant.