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The World Bank’s Pacific Island member countries have a combined population of about 2.3 million people, spread over an area equivalent to 15% of the earth’s surface.

There is great diversity across the Pacific Islands region, from Fiji, which is the largest country of the group (excluding Papua New Guinea) with a population of over 900,000, to Tuvalu and Nauru, with estimated populations of approximately 12,000 each, making them the World Bank Group’s smallest members by population. Kiribati is one of the most remote and geographically dispersed countries in the world, consisting of 33 coral atolls spread over 3.5 million square kilometers of ocean – an area larger than India.

Pacific Island countries have substantial natural resources and extraordinary linguistic and cultural diversity. However, they are physically remote, have small populations spread across many islands, and are some of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the impacts of climate change and natural disasters.

As the region recovers from the sharp economic contraction due to the pandemic, many Pacific countries are facing challenges in reinvigorating growth. They remain extremely vulnerable to climate, health, and economic shocks that are driving supply chain shortages and inflation impacts that are stifling growth and creating new development challenges.

Last Updated: Apr 09, 2024

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Pacific Islands unit based in Sydney (+61-2) 9223 7773
Level 19 14 Martin Place Sydney NSW 2000
Washington, +1 202-473-4709
1818 H Street, NW Washington, DC 20433 USA