Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM)

Enhancing the living conditions of rural communities and promoting sustainable natural resource management through a cross-sectoral portfolio of projects.

Mozambique's Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio (ILM) brings together a series of projects to promote the sustainable management of renewable natural resources (forests, wildlife, land, and fisheries) and improve livelihoods in the country’s most vulnerable rural communities.

In a country where over 70% of households rely on natural resources, the ILM Portfolio is promoting a healthy coexistence between humans and nature by tackling deforestation and resource exploitation, together with challenges such as rural poverty, community rights and land management.


Combining on-ground investments, technical assistance, analytical work and results-based finance, the over USD $500 million Portfolio assists the Government of Mozambique in improving the livelihood of rural communities, in promoting small and medium businesses linked to agriculture and natural resources, with an emphasis on women and youth, and promotes sustainable management of natural resources, including curbing deforestation, illegal timber and wildlife trade and resource degradation.

By managing the projects collectively under one well-coordinated umbrella, the ILM Portfolio takes advantage of shared knowledge and resources, facilitating cross-sectoral coordination and dialogue. The result is greater national capacity in natural resource and protected area management, as well as environmental, social and economic benefits that extend far beyond the lifecycle of the projects.

US$ Million by Fiscal Year of Budget.

Recognizing the inextricable links between forests, natural resources (such as healthy soils and clean water) and the value chains that depend on them (such as agriculture, timber and tourism), the ILM Portfolio collectively manages several projects, each with a specific focus:


Mozambique Forest Investment Project (MozFIP)

MozFIP is improving forest governance and promoting sustainable forest and landscape management. Supporting activities that reduce deforestation and promote rural development, the project established a performance-based commercial plantation scheme to encourage smallholder engagement in commercial forestry, facilitate market access and provide technical support. 

Dedicated Grant Mechanism for Local Communities (DGM)

The DGM provides grants to local communities and Civil Society Organizations to assist them in participating in sustainable forest and land management and REDD+ processes at local, national and global levels.

FCPF REDD+ Readiness Preparation Support

The project aims to contribute to the adoption of national REDD+ strategy and of the national legal and institutional framework for REDD+.

Zambezia Emissions Reductions Project

The Carbon Fund of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) will pay Zambezia for success in mitigating climate change by reducing the ongoing high loss of forest cover and reducing the emissions of greenhouses gases.


Conservations Areas for Biodiversity & Development Project (MozBio)

Supporting Mozambique's network of national parks and reserves, while enhancing livelihoods in and around these areas, MozBio is strengthening management capacity and promoting nature-based tourism, to create business opportunities and livelihood activities that focus on conservation and biodiversity.

Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development – (MozBio Phase 2)

The second phase of the Government of Mozambique’s Conservation Areas for Biodiversity and Development Project, known as Mozbio (Phase 2) will help improve the livelihood of local communities living around Conservation Areas (CAs) and support the conservation of Mozambique’s wildlife, biodiversity, and ecosystems.


Sustainable Fishing in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIOFish1)

SWIOFish1-MZ is part of a regional collaboration working to reduce resource degradation and strengthen fisheries management in countries bordering the Indian Ocean. The project is working to coordinate regional fisheries management, increase economic benefits and reduce species-specific pressure by supporting catch diversification and improve governance through public policies interventions.

Artisanal Fisheries and Climate Change Project (FishCC)

FishCC is a pilot project working to improve community management of selected priority fisheries through the establishment of Territorial User Rights for Fisheries (TURFs). It is financed through a grant from the Nordic Development Fund, with the World Bank acting as trustee. FishCC has three key components: Improve community rights-based fishery management, Improve livelihoods and Integrate social marketing strategies.


ILM Programmatic Technical Assistance

Technical Assistance provided to the Government is increasing institutional capacity and promoting sustainable rural development. This assistance is provided under three pillars: The National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS), analytical work in forestry management and climate change adaptation and strategic outreach and partnership creation between the Government, civil society, and academia. 

TA on Integrated Forests and Landscape Management

The objective of this Technical Assistance is to strengthen the institutional capacity of MZ Government and other partners in managing forests and landscapes while promoting rural development.


Agriculture & Natural Resources Landscape Management (SUSTENTA)

The SUSTENTA Program became a government platform which has the approach to integrate management of agriculture and natural resources, stimulate the economy and improve the quality of life of rural families. Through the integration of families in the development of sustainable value chains, and sustainable management of natural resources and land.


Mozambique Land Administration Project - Terra Segura - (MozLand)

The Project Development Objective is to strengthen land use rights in selected districts and improve the efficiency and accessibility of land administration services in Mozambique.

Knowledge exchange is an integral part of the ILM Portfolio programmatic approach. Below are some highlights of our work:






A complete, user-friendly library of ILM Portfolio resources that continues to grow with the latest research, reports and documents.


Maputo, Mozambique, March 14th, 2019: The World Bank participated in a Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) workshop hosted by a dedicated working group that is receiving ongoing support under the Bank’s Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio.  Bringing together a diverse range of key stakeholders and decision makers in rural development—from high level government representatives, to community members, non-profit organizations and universities—the working group is the result of a Bank-supported CBNRM Conference in held in Maputo in 2018. In Mozambique, CBNRM is recognized as one of the most important tools for promoting sustainable rural development and the working group is currently developing a National CBNRM Program that will consolidate the country’s CBNRM approach and create a network of experts to continuously support community groups and build natural resource management capacity. 


Washington, DC, March 14, 2019: The One Planet Summit webpage was launched this week, with the first story featuring Biodiversity in Africa. Mozambique, Gabon, Tanzania and South Africa, are each part of a series that will run ahead of the third edition of the One Planet Summit which will take place in Nairobi, Kenya, on March 14, 2019. The Summit brings together global leaders, entrepreneurs, international organizations, and civil society, to help accelerate and focus attention on climate investments in line with the Paris Agreement objectives. For more information click here. Watch the video.


Maputo, Mozambique, March 4th, 2019: In honor of World Wildlife Day, the ILM Portfolio teamed up with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and World Conservation Society to present a film and debate on wildlife conservation in Mozambique. Produced by our partners at the Global Wildlife Program and set in the Niassa National Reserve in north-west Mozambique, the video depicts the selfless efforts of rangers to combat poaching in the country's largest conservation area. Participant discussion centered on effective protected area management and support to rangers and local people so that the country can continue to protect its wildlife and biodiversity while also engaging the surrounding communities and stakeholders—key concerns of the World Bank in Mozambique. Partnerships and collaboration are at the heart of all ILM Portfolio projects and events such as these offer important opportunities to share knowledge and strengthen networks with organizations striving for the collective goal of enhancing sustainable rural development in Mozambique.  


Washington, DC, February, 2019: The Mozambique Conservation Areas for Biodiversity (MozBio) team, was recognized in the World Bank’s Stories of Impact Competition for their “remarkable use of community approach in a project”. MozBio’s story about empowering women in a very poor community in Mozambique through beekeeping and adopting an integrated landscape approach stood out as a model for other projects to follow. By shifting production from men to women and adopting new practices and technologies at the local level, the team developed a network of Leading Beekeepers, trained to support others within the local community. Congratulations to the team!


Macaneta, Mozambique, February 18 - 19, 2019: World Bank Mozambique Environment, Agriculture and Land teams joined the National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS), a Government of Mozambique development fund - jointly led by the Ministries of Environment, Land and Rural Development and Economy and Finance - to strengthen the strategic relationship between the teams and to promote the integrated and resilient development strategies and actions for the implementation of the Integrated Landscape Management Portfolio.


South Africa & Mozambique, February 10 – 13, 2019: Mark Lundell, Country Director, Mozambique and Erwin De Nys, Program Leader for South Africa, visited the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation Area to Discuss a strategy for rural development, conservation and regional cooperation in the area. An opportunity to strengthen knowledge related to integrated landscape management, biodiversity conservation, blue economy and community development.


Maputo, Mozambique, February, 2019: Mozambique and the World Bank have signed a landmark agreement that rewards community efforts to reduce carbon emissions by tackling deforestation and forest degradation. Covering 43% of the country, Mozambique's natural forests are an important source of employment, income, and livelihoods in Mozambique’s rural areas — and we want ensure they remain healthy and profitable for the future. For more information please read our press release, project page, and blog by Karin Kaechele: Creating opportunities for a new forestry economy in Mozambique


Maputo, Mozambique, December 18, 2018: Mozambique officially launching the results of the National Forest Inventory and the Deforestation assessment Report. These results will serve as the means for reconciling available forest resources with the national priorities defined by the Government of Mozambique. For more information click here


Bonn, Germany, December 2, 2018: The session “Landscape Programs in Action: Experiences from the Field,” during the Global Landscapes Forum (GLF) event, provided an opportunity to advance dialogue among partners in the Mozambique Portfolio. The event was opened by Karin Kemper (Senior Director) and moderated by Garo Batmanian (Lead for Forests and Landscapes) with the participation of a delegation from Mexico, Brazil, and Mozambique.  Our Natural Resources Specialist Joao Moura, focused on the overall framework of the Zambezia Integrated Landscape Program, emphasizing the benefits and challenges of deploying several instruments in the same landscape in a programmatic approach. Faruk Tavares, from the National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS-MITADER) responsible for coordinating forest-related activities in Zambezia, followed with a presentation discussing how the program translates into day-to-day work, with a focus on sustainable small-scale commercial plantation development and promotion of agroforestry systems. Learn More


Pemba -  Cabo Delgado, Mozambique, September 9, 2018: The MozDGM project was launched and the event brought together representatives of the Government, civil society, community leaders, members of communities and other partners. Designed by members of civil society and local community leaders, with technical support from the World Bank and funded by the Forest Investment Program (FIP), MozDGM aims to empower communities to participate in decision-making on the use of their natural resources, manage their resources sustainably, and to capture the benefits from doing so. For more information click here


Brazil, August 27 to September 1, 2018: A group from Southern Africa Countries went to Brazil to share experiences on protected areas management, biodiversity financing, and local community development. An opportunity to strengthen knowledge and create space for discussion on innovative and sustainable financing models for Protected Areas. Please read event report


Maputo, Mozambique, June 7-9, 2018: The President of Mozambique, Filipe Nyusi and Country Director of the World Bank, Mark Lundell opened the International Conference on Nature-Based Tourism, on June 7th, which took place in Maputo City. The opening ceremony was witnessed by more than 600 people from around 30 countries. The goal of the conference is to explore opportunities to maximize finance for Nature-Based Tourism and promote long-term public-private partnerships that deliver benefits for people and wildlife. For more information check out the event page.

The ILM Portfolio works closely with both the public and private sectors and maintains strong working relationships with key development partners in Mozambique.

In 2016, after several partners expressed interest in deepening collaboration in the forestry agenda by increasing their financial contribution, the Bank created a Multi-Donor Trust Fund for Integrated Landscape and Forest Management.

Currently, the following agencies and programs are engaged with the ILM Portfolio:

  • The National Sustainable Development Fund (FNDS)
  • National Administration for Conservation Areas (ANAC)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
  • European Union
  • KfW Group
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
  • Peace Parks Foundation



Integrated Landscape and Forest Management in Mozambique

The Government of Mozambique prioritizes sustainable management of natural resources and forests in its governance efforts, as reflected in the Government’s Five Year Plan and in the National Sustainable Development Program (NSDP).

MDTF Annual Report 2018

This Annual Progress Report presents progress, achievements, challenges and a proposed way forward of the Multi-Donor Trust Fund (MDTF) for Integrated Landscape and Management (ILM) in Mozambique for 2018.


André Rodrigues de Aquino

Senior Natural Resources Management Specialist
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