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Overview

Fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV) present a critical development challenge that threatens efforts to end extreme poverty in both low- and middle-income countries. By 2030, up to two-thirds of the world's extreme poor could live in FCV settings. Conflicts also drive 80% of all humanitarian needs.

Violent conflict has spiked dramatically in the last decade, and the fragility landscape is becoming more complex. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the world has seen a series of massive setbacks to stability in regions across the world: from Asia and Africa to Latin America and the Caribbean and more recently in Eastern Europe.

These latest developments add on to a multitude of risks affecting FCV settings, including food insecurity, climate change, rising inequality, demographic change, and the socio-economic impacts of the pandemic.

Forced displacement is a developing world crisis, which must be addressed with collective action:

  • More than 84 million people were estimated to be forcibly displaced by mid-2021 –before the war in Ukraine caused the fastest-growing refugee crisis in Europe since the end of World War II.
  • Of those, 85% are hosted in developing countries.
  • Approximately three out of four refugees have been displaced for at least five years.
  • More than two thirds (68%) of all refugees worldwide came from just five countries.

Last Updated: Apr 13, 2022

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Washington, D.C.
Sonu Jain
Communications Lead