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Forced displacement is a developmental challenge, not only a humanitarian concern. The number of people forcibly displaced from their homes, regions, and countries increased sharply around 2010.  . Since then, this number has only grown, by the end of 2022, there were 108.4 million forcibly displaced people across the world. Also:

35.3 million were refugees and 62.5 million were internally displaced -- While the international spotlight is on refugees who cross international borders, more than twice as many forcibly displaced people remain displaced within their own country. In 2022, the number of new internal displacements caused by conflict and violence was three times higher than the annual average of the past 10 years –due mostly to rapidly escalating conflict in countries like Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

67% of refugees had been displaced for five or more years as of end-2022 --When displacement has no clear end in sight, other needs surface beyond humanitarian needs: jobs, education for displaced children, and the legal frameworks and policies that can make all of this possible. These needs are shared by all long-term forcibly displaced people.

3 out of 4 refugees are hosted in developing countries – These countries are already struggling to reach their own development goals, and accommodating the sudden arrival of vulnerable newcomers presents a challenge for host governments and puts pressure on their ability to deliver basic services and infrastructure. Given these added pressures, host communities need support, too.

Forcibly displaced people are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity: millions of them come from countries affected by food crises and in 2021 more than 80 percent were living in territories affected by food crises. On top of this, climate change is increasingly intersecting with forced displacement, and has the potential to amplify the movements of people within countries and across borders.

Many host countries in the developing world are taking the lead to better manage these crises by including refugees in their country’s development plans and in their health and education systems, for example. The global community is also working to improve the transition between humanitarian and development assistance, aligning these efforts under the  Global Compact on Refugees led by UNHCR.  

Last Updated: Jul 05, 2023