Addressing the challenges posed by fragility, conflict and violence (FCV) lies at the core of the World Bank Group’s mission to end extreme poverty. By 2030, up to half of the global poor will live in fragile and conflict-affected settings. In 2018, the number of people involved in conflict was up 16 percent from the previous year, with 15,000 civilians losing their lives to conflict in Syria, Nigeria, Yemen, Afghanistan, and the Philippines alone. Moreover, conflicts are increasingly driven and intensified by the effects of long-term trends – such as climate change and demographic pressures – and are disproportionately impacting the most vulnerable groups.
In this context, the State and Peacebuilding Fund (SPF) plays a critical role in addressing the challenges arising from FCV. As the World Bank’s largest global Trust Fund for FCV, the SPF enables conflict prevention programs and supports countries in their efforts towards achieving lasting peace and sustainable development outcomes. The SPF is therefore an important part of the World Bank’s broader efforts to address the drivers and impact of FCV, and ultimately to contribute to peace, stability, and prosperity.
Last Updated: Sep 26, 2019
Established in 2008, with a pledge of $100 million from IBRD over the first three fiscal years, the State and Peacebuilding Trust Fund (SPF) is the World Bank Group’s (WBG) largest, global multi-donor trust fund established to finance innovative approaches to state and peace-building in regions affected by fragility, conflict and violence (FCV). The SPF operates in 57 countries, across regions, and globally, and has the ability to address multiple forms of FCV: from sub-national conflict in East Asia to urban crime and violence in Latin America and from the Syrian refugee crisis in the Middle East and North Africa to institutional fragility and post-conflict challenges across sub-Saharan Africa.
The goal of the SPF is to address the needs of state and local governance, and peacebuilding in fragile and conflict-prone and -affected situations. To achieve this, the Fund pursues two overarching objectives:
Since its inception, the SPF has grown into a multi-donor trust fund of over $342 million in net value and has supported over 200 interventions in FCV contexts worldwide. In 2018, the Fund approved almost $15 million in grants and transfers to FCV-affected countries. As of December 31, 2018, the Fund’s active portfolio comprised 91 grants with over $80 million in commitments.
The Fund is currently supported by contributions from the IBRD, and nine development partners: Australia, Denmark, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and The United Kingdom.
In 2017, the Fund structure was redesigned along five focus areas with cross cutting themes of mainstreaming gender interventions and increase the role of information and communications technology to enhance knowledge and operations in FCV situations :
In 2017, a new Theory of Change and Results Framework were designed and endorsed by the SPF Council in April 2018. Launched on July 1, 2018 across the portfolio, they reflect the SPF value proposition and objectives, monitor portfolio performance, track progress, and inform decision-making. The Theory of Change reflects the demand-driven nature of the SPF and the pathways by which SPF-supported grants contribute to state and peacebuilding objectives.
SPF can support the full range of activities including advisory and analytical services, knowledge generation and dissemination, technical assistance, capacity building, service delivery, and preparation and supervision of recipient executed grants. In addition to the SPF objectives and focus areas, activities must be aligned with the relevant country program framework and should meet at least one of the following criteria:
Central Asia: Development Approaches for Preventing Violent Extremism ($500,000) supports a study of the specific risks of recruitment of young men and women into violent extremism (VE) in Central Asian Countries with an initial focus on Tajikistan. Read More
Philippines: Attaining Just and Lasting Peace ($1,250,000) provides the Government of the Philippines, peace partners, and World Bank teams with timely access to technical assistance, just-in-time advisory services and global knowledge products designed to support the peace and development agenda. Read More
Zimbabwe Immediate Transition Support Program ($1,000,000). Zimbabwe is undergoing a complex transition following the change in country leadership. The SPF is supporting the design of a strategy for the country’s transition. Read More
Central America: Youth Employment and Crime and Violence ($300,000) builds knowledge on strategies to improve the labor market prospects of at-risk youth in highly violent contexts in Honduras. Read More
South Sudan: The Dynamics of South Sudan’s Conflict Economy ($600,000) aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the conflict dynamics in South Sudan and their implications for agricultural production and food security; migration and human trafficking; spillovers to neighboring countries; informal trade and financing flows; and investments in illicit activities. Read More
Ukraine: Conflict Response and Recovery Pilot and Capacity Building ($3,200,000) enhances recovery and peacebuilding by improving the capacity of the Ministry for Temporarily Occupied Territories and Internally Displaced Persons (MOT) to address the development impacts of the conflict. The SPF grant supports capacity building to help MOT to fulfill its strategy, planning and coordination mandate. Read More
Bangladesh: Cox’s Bazar Rapid Impact, Vulnerability and Needs Assessment ($100,000). There are now close to one million Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh, a situation that poses multiple risks to regional peace and stability. The SPF grant supports an assessment of the impacts, vulnerabilities, needs, and gaps under the current and potential refugee influx and disaster scenarios, and provides a framework for short, medium, and long-term interventions to address them. Read More
Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda: Operationalizing Forced Displacement Program ($2,400,000) supports the Governments of CRRF pilot countries Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda in their continued efforts to implement progressive policy environments to enhance refugees’ self-reliance and agency, and to reduce poverty in host communities. Read More
Uganda: Evidence-Based and Comprehensive Response to Forced Displacement ($2,200,000) contributes to the sustainability of the government’s policies and practices by strengthening the evidence base and institutional capacity of key agencies. Read More
Mali: Joint UN-World Bank Project on Jobs for Youth ($1,000,000) informs the design of effective support to Jobs for Youth, promoting stabilization in Mali’s conflict areas while advancing joint World Bank-UN work on jobs in FCV contexts. Read More
Lake Chad Region: Cross-border Collaboration ($450,000) builds the foundations for a regional recovery and development strategy for the Lake Chad region, in line with the WBGUN Strategic Partnership Framework objective of strengthening collaboration and joint action in post-crisis and humanitarian settings. Read More
Libya: Developing a Framework for Recovery and Peacebuilding in Libya ($750,000) enables a Recovery and Peacebuilding Assessment (RPBA) to support the UN-led peace process in Libya, in response to a request from the Government of National Accord. Read More
West Bank and Gaza: Development Impact Bond for Jobs ($2,000,000) supports the testing of Development Impact Bonds as an innovative financing instrument to incentivize private investment and create jobs. Read More
Liberia: MSMEs and Rural Finance Post-Ebola Reconstruction ($4,800,000) aims to support the development of a framework to provide finance on sustainable terms to MSMEs, enhance the capacity of local private sector financial institutions to lend profitably to these enterprises, and objectively measure outcomes. Read More
Lebanon: The Role of Financial Services to Manage the Syrian Refugee Crisis ($500,000) supports analytical work to (i) enhance the knowledge of policymakers on the role of financial services to manage economic instability caused by the Syrian refugee crisis; and (ii) strengthen the economic resilience of vulnerable populations and refugees in Lebanon. Read More