This review focues on studies that evaluate asset transfer interventions, inheritance laws, and property rights mandates as mechanisms to increase women’s empowerment and economic participation. We define assets both as productive assets and wealth transfers. Productive assets help generate cash streams and wealth transfers are familial assets, such as gifts or dowries. The review finds significant positive impact of asset transfers on women’s economic participation and income. However, impacts on other dimensions of women’s empowerment are less clear and mostly insignificant. The review highlights several research gaps and opportunities for further research.