Drawing on the World Bank Group’s convening power and multidisciplinary expertise, the Governance Global Practice (GGP) provides financing, intellectual leadership and a reservoir of global experience to help countries develop practical reforms to address complex governance challenges. The GGP’s current strategic priorities focus on five key areas to help close implementation gaps:
1) Strengthening public policy processes:
Effective public policy involves a wide range of activities and actors involved in a cycle of policy design, implementation and evaluation. The GGP works with all of the actors in the public policy cycle to facilitate improved coordination and cooperation within the executive branch of government, across branches and levels of government, and with the private sector and citizens. Such work can help turn policies on paper into results on the ground to achieve better results.
2) Promoting effective resource management:
With persistent fiscal pressures, marshalling financial and human resources is more critical than ever. The GGP’s technical expertise is deployed to help improve revenue mobilization and public expenditure and financial management, as well as to support civil service reform. Openness and transparency helps to improve accountability. Information technology, data analytics and biometrics are helping to push new frontiers.
3) Reinforcing public service delivery:
Better governance is essential for equitable and reliable service delivery. The GGP works with sectors to identify and alleviate critical governance bottlenecks in service delivery. The GGP is actively engaged in improving service delivery in sectors such as water, health, education, and transport with a focus on openness, transparency, and citizen engagement to ensure services reach the poorest and marginalized. At the frontiers of governance for service delivery is big data, which helps generate citizen feedback and engagement and to think through how governments can become more adept at reaching citizens with what they need, when they need it.
4) Strengthening the public-private interface:
The GGP is focused on the critical interface between the public and private sectors, recognizing public sector risks that may prevent investors from entering a country. More effective systems for public investment management, greater transparency and corporate governance, a strengthened regulatory framework, and procurement processes free of collusion and corruption support an institutional environment that enables the private sector to fill the infrastructure gap.
5) Understanding the underlying drivers and enablers of policy effectiveness:
The GGP is working to understand the role of underlying drivers of policy effectiveness in achieving growth, equity and security. These drivers relate to openness, transparency, citizen engagement and are rooted in factors such as trust and social cohesion, as well as capture and exclusion. The Bank continues to identify how these forces affect policy effectiveness and areas such as corruption, emphasizing the critical role of transparency and the transformative power of technology to generate, exchange, and analyze information.
Governance is central to IDA18
The “Governance and Institutions” Special Theme in IDA18 underscores the importance of governance to achieving development results on the ground. IDA18 provides a new set of commitments expected to have transformative impact, underpinned by specific, measurable policy actions to be achieved by the end of the IDA18 period.
Strengthened institutions and improved governance are especially critical for the world’s most vulnerable countries in IDA, the World Bank’s Fund for the poorest. These countries face a range of issues that are deeply rooted in historic and systemic institutional inefficiencies. More effective policy implementation, better management of resources, strengthened service delivery, openness and transparency equip IDA countries to create avenues and opportunities for citizen engagement, and help build and maintain trust between the state and citizens. Reducing poverty and promoting shared prosperity is predicated on institutions that are effective in not only solving the problems of the past but responding to the changing needs of the citizens they serve. The World Bank’s response to these challenges are in 12 policy commitments under the Governance and Institutions Special Theme in the final IDA18 Replenishment package.
The Governance Global Practice (GGP) has a loan portfolio of 86 projects worth over $10 billion, along with a diverse portfolio of advisory activities and grants. There are over 50 additional projects in collaboration with other Global Practices. Governance components are embedded in over 20 percent of the Bank’s active portfolio.
The GGP provides fiduciary support to over 2,000 projects in the World Bank’s portfolio, and has one of the largest Reimbursable Advisory Services (RAS) portfolios in the Bank. The GPP also has a joint mandate with the Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice to lead implementation of the Strategic Framework for Mainstreaming Citizen Engagement in World Bank Group operations. This includes achieving the goal of beneficiary feedback in 100% of Investment Projects Financing Operations by end FY18.
Last Updated: Apr 13, 2018