More than half of the global population expresses distrust in government institutions. The most recent World Bank Group Surveys with opinion leaders in our client countries confirm that addressing governance is now at the top of countries’ policy priorities.
The Governance Global Practice (GGP) supports client countries to help them build capable, efficient, open, inclusive, and accountable institutions. This is critical for countries to underpin sustainable growth and is at the heart of the World Bank’s twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Countries with strong institutions prosper by creating an environment that facilitates private sector growth, reduces poverty, delivers valuable services and earns the confidence of their citizens — a relationship of trust that is created when people can participate in government decision-making and know their voices are heard.
Governance and Institutions: Special Theme in IDA-18
Strengthened institutions and improved governance are especially critical for the world’s most vulnerable countries in IDA, the World Bank’s Fund for the poorest. These countries face a range of issues that are deeply rooted in historic and systemic institutional inefficiencies. Improved governance equips IDA countries to create avenues and opportunities for citizen engagement, and help build and maintain trust between the state and citizens. Reducing poverty and promoting shared prosperity is predicated on institutions that are effective in not only solving the problems of the past but responding to the changing needs of the citizens they serve. This involves both strengthening core government systems to channel resources to the poorest 40% of the population, and developing a public sector grounded in transparency and citizen participation. The World Bank’s response to these challenges are in 12 policy commitments under the Governance and Institutions Special Theme in the final IDA18 Replenishment package.
The topic of the 2017 World Development Report is the role of Governance and the Law in the economic advancement of nations. This flagship report examines the institutional foundations of a well-functioning state, and address two sets of issues facing the development community: (i) why good policies are so often ineffective, and (ii) the persistence of gaps between intended governance reforms and the reality on the ground.
Last Updated: Sep 27, 2017