Mozambique Trans-frontier Conservation Project --The project objective was to achieve growth in community-private sector led environmentally and socially sustainable tourism in Trans-frontier Conservation Areas (TFCA). It was implemented by the Ministry of Tourism, and benefited local communities in four large Trans-frontier Conservation Areas – in the provinces of Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane and Manica in Mozambique. Mozambique concluded the 8-year Trans-frontier Conservation Project in FY15, which led to over 200,000 visitors annually to Mozambique's Conservation Areas, leveraged over US$3 million in nature-based private investments and increased the network of conservation areas by almost 200,000 hectares targeted at biodiversity critical areas.
Mozambique Reestablished transportation connectivity Project -- Mozambique is highly vulnerable to extreme weather events; a vulnerability that is expected to increase as a result of climate change. In January of 2013, torrential rains in the Limpopo River Basin led to widespread and devastating floods in Gaza Province of southern Mozambique. The floods resulted in loss of life (113 deaths), displacement of at least 170,000 residents, loss of agricultural capacity, and destruction of several critical road and bridge connections. The affected population was primarily rural agricultural households living at or below the poverty line. Nearly 70% of the entire province’s road network (about 3205 kilometers) was impacted. Many rural communities were left without road access to population centers or critical services, including health centers. Following the floods, farmers with produce struggled to reach markets, raising concerns about food security and rural livelihoods. Through an emergency intervention, the World Bank provided financing to Mozambique through credits and grants from the IDA Crisis Response Window (US$39.4 million)as well as the Strategic Climate Fund (US$15.75 million) resulting in greater focus on climate resilience and emergency recovery efforts. The United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DfID) provided grant funding (US$ 15.0 million) to the project which was used to restore over 620 kilometers of road connectivity ahead of the rainy season, including critical culverts, bridges, and drainage and erosion management features. Completed in 2014, the emergency works directly benefitted a population of approximately half a million.
Access to improved water sources --The Mozambique Water Services and Institutional Support (WASIS) Project was designed to build, strengthen, and deepen the impact of a program of water sector reforms, which commenced in early 1990’s - after the countries emergence from the protracted civil war. Specifically, WASIS supported the third phase of reforms which aimed at consolidating water supply operations and increasing coverage in large urban centers and small towns through implementation of services under a delegated management framework. The project, with a total value of around US$80 million, was co-financed by IDA (65%), the Africa Catalytic Growth Fund (19%) and the Australian Government (16%), and supported key institutional development and infrastructure activities. The project investments have assisted the Government to create sustainable service delivery and regulatory models for water services in cities and towns. Furthermore, the infrastructure investments, coupled with the institutional support activities, have significantly improved water service coverage and quality standards in 13 cities, directly benefiting 779,912 people in urban areas and 57,115 people in small towns.
Mozambique’s Smallholder Development in the Zambezi Valley Project --The Project aimed at increasing the incomes of smallholder farmers in the Zambezi Valley while limiting land degradation through increases in areas under improved sustainable land management (SLM). The Project successfully contributed to both objectives. Incomes among project participating smallholders increased by 85%, and increased by 65% compared to non-project comparable smallholders in the Zambezi Valley. On SLM, the project resulted in the placement of 21,313 hectares under sustainable land management practices. Interventions under the project allowed the creation of over 700 community-based organizations, and more than 7,000 smallholder farmers were engaged in savings and loans groups (SLGs), 50% of which were women. A total amount of about $130,000 was obtained as credit by SLG members. The project also invested in post-harvest management at the household level and facilitated market linkages with various agribusiness value-chains through the promotion of market fairs where community producers were able to show-case their products to buyers. This was complemented by other interventions including investments in market access infrastructure such as small rural bridges, drifts and rural access roads. Innovations under the project included:
- The implementation of project activities by district authorities, which led to focusing on strengthened capacities of district staff, responding to local development needs and improving service delivery by local authorities;
- The introduction of SLM practices that responded to local challenges including bush fire, which was controlled through the introduction of new, improved honey collection methods in communities;
- The use of SLGs as a means to strengthen community-based organizations (CBOs), which resulted in stronger smallholder farmer groups, and
- An increase of the outreach of extension services through the construction of residences for extension officers in various areas within the districts, and the identification of lead farmers within the communities, who were trained on various farming techniques and became community facilitators and led the introduction of new farming techniques.
Overall, the interface between agricultural and natural resources interventions created the basis for long-term approaches to reduce vulnerability and strengthened the communities’ focus beyond the immediate subsistence needs. The challenge remains on how to sustain such community empowerment and how to replicate and scale-up across the other provinces of Mozambique.
Health Services Delivery Project -- Mozambique’s health system faces challenges in human resources, public financial management, health care financing, and health coverage and quality of care. The country has the fifth lowest ratio of health workers to population (0.03 doctors, and 0.21 nurses per 1,000 inhabitants) in Africa. The World Bank, through its support to the government’s Health Services Delivery Project is providing finance, among other things, to a rural health training institute to train qualified health workers to help tackle the human resource shortage in some of the most underserved regions in the country which account for almost half of the country’s total 25 million people. The project also supports service provision at the local level, including by expanding community based services, mobile units to serve remote areas, training of personnel in health and nutrition, as well as the training of a new type of technical personnel, known as Community Health Agents. These Community Health Agents operate as agents of change and as sources of knowledge for rural dwellers and underserved communities. An often neglected challenge faced by the Mozambican health system in rural areas is the persistence of cultural beliefs and myths that get in the way of adoption of good practices in nutrition, maternal health, and child care. Some noteworthy results of that component of the project include 351 new health professionals trained to date. Given the high rate of malnourishment among children in rural areas in particular, the project is also training nutritionists in the City of Quelimane, center of Mozambique, who will be deployed across the country.
The World Bank Group (WBG) provides funding for Private Institutions of Technical and vocational training across the country -- The WBG, through its support to the Government of Mozambique’s Technical and Vocational Education Training Project (PIREP), and more precisely its FUNDEC component, has been steadily supporting skills development in the country. In its 5th cycle of funding, FUNDEC has directly supported financially 167 local projects with most of the recipients being private institutions of professional training and skills development in agriculture, agro-processing, livestock, tourism and hospitability management, and works. Institutions from across the country have thus benefited from funding in developing their services. About 38,525 people benefited from skills development and training so far and 312 managers in various fields of work have also attended training. In addition to training for unemployed and self-employed people, managers and owners of private institutions that provide technical and vocational training have benefited from management training themselves.
Last Updated: Apr 16, 2015