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One South Asia


Flooding, drought, cyclones, and other extreme weather ignore national borders.


In the past two decades, more than half of all South Asians, or 750 million people, have been affected by at least one natural disaster such as flooding, drought, or cyclones. Based on current trends, losses in the region will average $160 billion annually by 2030.


Variability in the annual monsoon season, which delivers more than 70 percent of South Asia's rainfall, affects farm production as well as aviation, hydropower, urban infrastructure, and tourism. However, there is limited access to weather information tailored to economic sectors. Targeted weather information can save lives, improve the livelihoods of farmers and business owners, and strengthen the resilience of vulnerable communities.


The World Bank works with partners, including the South Asia Water Initiative and the Program for Asia Resilience to Climate Change, providing technical assistance and analytical support to develop hydromet services and early-warning systems for disasters. Some activities are listed below.




Blog series:  Climate change in South Asia


What's New


COVID-19: A time to build a stronger, greener South Asia

June 10, 2020 - As countries respond to the pandemic, they have a unique opportunity to use fiscal stimulus efforts to create jobs that contribute to stronger and greener economies.
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South Asia cooperates to fight climate threats and disasters

May 14, 2020 - A new regional project, Climate Adaptation and Resilience for South Asia, will help make agriculture, transport, and other pandemic-ravaged sectors more resilient to climate change.
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New World Bank project to bolster climate action in South Asia

May 12, 2020 - The World Bank Board approved a $39.5 million project to help South Asia build resilience to climate threats by sharing regional knowledge, developing regional standards and guidelines for infrastructure, and promoting climate adaptation policies.
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Bangledeshi farmers reap the benefits of new weather forecasts

Nov. 15, 2019 - Customized weather forecasts delivered to smartphones and rural meeting halls are helping farmers in Bangladesh better manage crops as rain becomes more erratic.
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South Asia Needs to Act as One to Fight Climate Change

Nov. 11, 2019 - The World Bank’s South Asia Regional Climate Adaptation and Resilience Program (SARCAR) is equipping governments with data and evidence to tackle climate change threats.
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Coastal resilience in Bangladesh: protecting coastal communities from tidal flooding and storm surges

Sept. 10, 2019 - Since 2013, a $400 million Coastal Embankment Improvement Project (CEIP) has helped Bangladesh mitigate some large impacts of cyclones and flooding, and improve emergency response. The project has increased protection of nearly 200,000 people.
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As South Asia's heat rises, living standards decline

August 26, 2019 - This summer, at 42.6 degrees Celsius, July 25 was the hottest day ever in Paris. Halfway across the globe, Delhi recorded its hottest day at 48 degrees Celsius on June 10.
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Strategic Priorities of the Government of Nepal in Managing Climate and Disaster Risk

June 26, 2020 - Nepal's government identified four goals for its disaster risk financing strategy: maintain a sound fiscal balance, reduce the impact of disasters on public services and livelihoods, prearrange financing mechanisms, and protect the most vulnerable.
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2019 South Asia Hydromet Forum: Pathways for Regional Collaboration

Jan. 15, 2020 - The 2019 South Asia Hydromet Forum gathered meteorologists and technical experts from all eight nations plus neighboring Myanmar to build momentum for regional collaboration to protect lives and livelihoods from extreme weather.
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South Asia's Hotspots: Impacts of Temperature and Precipitation on Living Standards

June 28, 2018 - Higher temperatures and shifting rainfall patterns will reduce living standards in communities across South Asia. More than 800 million people in South Asia live in communities on track to become hotspots.

South Asia Climate Change Risks in Water Management

Jan. 1, 2018 - Water management is a challenge in South Asia. Supplies have become unreliable because of variable monsoons and uncontrolled groundwater use. Pollution is widespread from sewage, industrial effluents, farm chemicals, and natural contaminants.

Strengthening Hydromet and Early Warning Services in Afghanistan: A Roadmap

Dec. 1, 2018 - Afghanistan is ranked second among low-income countries on the Global Climate Risk Index for fatalities from floods, drought, and natural disasters. Climate change magnifies the risks.

Disaster Risk Management in South Asia: A Regional Overview

Dec. 1, 2012 - Despite increasing disaster risk in South Asia, awareness and understanding of this risk remains low among individuals and governments. Unplanned settlements, unsafe building practices, and dense urban populations add to the region's vulnerability.

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