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FEATURE STORY

How Will Sri Lanka Better Integrate in the Global Economy?

June 13, 2017


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On May 12, during his visit to Sri Lanka Jan Walliser, the World Bank’s Vice President of Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions, sat down for an interview with the Sri Lankan network TV 1


Story Highlights
  • World Bank Vice President Jan Walliser discusses reforms needed to boost Sri Lanka’s growth and make its economy more competitive.
  • Sri Lanka can attract more foreign investment by improving its business climate, focusing on investment promotion activities, and leveraging its burgeoning sustainable tourism sector.
  • When successfully implemented, the newly enacted Right to Information can help create an environment more conducive to reforms.

Jan Walliser, the World Bank’s Vice President of Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions, visited Sri Lanka in early May and met with senior government officials, key private sector representatives, and members of the Right to Information (RTI) Commission.

These meetings were an opportunity to discuss the status of comprehensive fiscal, economic, and governance reforms aimed at boosting the economy and promoting equitable development.

The government’s development agenda intends to stimulate exports and attract more foreign direct investment, while creating more private sector jobs and enhancing value-added manufacturing capabilities.

To that end, Walliser said the government needs to prepare the economy and promote greater competitiveness.

Here’s an overview of Walliser’s insights on how successful reforms could help Sri Lanka integrate further into the global economy.

Building the Foundation for a More Competitive economy

Ideally, the skills and strengths of the Sri Lankan population can be leveraged to help the island nation become part of global value chains, which can lead to increased job opportunities.

Trade agreements can help reach that goal, Walliser pointed out, as can improvements to Sri Lanka’s business environment, such as providing better access to finance for the private sector.

International trade agreements like the Generalised Scheme of Preferences or GSP+, which offers substantial tariff reductions to ease developing countries’ exports to the European Union are valuable in the long term. Yet, strategic thinking is what is really required to build a stronger economy.

A spatial analysis of the economy would help identify gaps in infrastructure and set conditions for new industries to be set up in Sri Lanka

“Frameworks and infrastructure have to be in place,” said Walliser, noting the importance of enhancing some mega-projects while ensuring they be embedded in the local economy.

Investments in education should meet the evolving needs of the private sector to improve the chances of new graduates finding gainful employment.

Boosting service sectors will create more opportunities for Sri Lankans to receive training in fields like information technology or logistics, which are highly sought after by employers.

“Sri Lanka is well positioned to grab a larger share of the global market with the right supportive policies by the government,” said Walliser.

How Sri Lanka Can Better Integrate in the Global Economy

By improving the investment climate and strengthening its performance on international rankings like Doing Business, Sri Lanka can become more attractive to potential investors.

Walliser noted that a focused effort on investment promotion activities would also draw the kind of interest Sri Lanka seeks. Likewise, a dedicated tourism strategy mapping out  infrastructure investment requirements and constraints could help build up Sri Lanka’s burgeoning sustainable tourism industry. 


" Sri Lanka is well positioned to grab a larger share of the global market with the right supportive policies by the government "

Jan Walliser

World Bank’s Vice President of Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions

Tax Reforms Toward Greater Competitiveness in Sri Lanka

With a tax to GDP ratio of only 10 percent, Sri Lanka has to consider tax reform thoroughly. Research has found that countries that collect less than around 15 percent of GDP are at a disadvantage, not only in providing services, but in economic growth. The need to widen the revenue base, while increasing revenue collections is important. However, it is not only how the revenue is raised but also where and how it is spent that will determine the success of reform initiatives.

Walliser explained that poverty alleviation could be addressed in such reform policies through either targeted spending designed to bring relief to the poorest and most vulnerable, or through prioritized investments that create jobs and reduce unemployment for those at the lowest end of the income spectrum. Statistical analysis could be deployed to monitor and track the progress of various policies, be they free trade agreements or tax reforms, allowing the government to learn and improve performance.

The Right to Information act (RTI) Will Bring the Accountability and Transparency Sri Lankans Want

The RTI act stems from Sri Lankans’ demands for a more open and accessible government and the parliament greenlighted the act. Now, training is available to information officers to handle requests from citizens, who, in turn, will advise the government on how and what information must be publicly disclosed.

Successful implementation of the RTI will help build broad support for ambitious reforms. “When citizens feel that they are being asked to contribute and at the same time the government opens up and shares information at the request of the citizens, it enhances cohesiveness and support,” said Walliser. “Openness is not only important to these types of reform processes but for the government and for the environment in which the government operates.”   

 


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Interview with Sri Lankan network TV 1