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Population, million


GDP, current US$ billion


GDP per capita, current US$


Life Expectancy at Birth, years*


*Latest available number

On January 16, 2022, the North Macedonian Parliament elected a new government led by the new Social Democrat Union of Macedonia (SDSM) leader, Dimitar Kovachevski. The Government’s immediate tasks include managing the aftermath of the pandemic, overcoming the economic and energy crisis, and solving the dispute with Bulgaria in order to begin the European Union (EU) accession process. 

On March 30, 2022, the State Statistical Office published the results of the 2021 Census. The data include the total resident and non-resident populations; the sex, age, ethnicity, and religion of the population; the mother tongue and language spoken in households; and the number of apartments and households. The results show that the total enumerated population of North Macedonia is 2,097,319 persons, while the total resident population is 1,836,713. 

The census data show a difference in the ethnic affiliation between the enumerated and resident populations, with more citizens of Macedonian origin living in the country (relative to the enumerated numbers) compared to their Albanian and Roma peers. More specifically, 54.21 percent of the total population declared themselves to be Macedonians (compared to 58.44 percent of the total resident population), 29.52 percent to be Albanians (24.3 percent), 3.98 percent to be Turks (3.86 percent), 2.34 percent to be Roma (0.47 percent), 1.18 percent to be Serbs (1.3 percent), 0.87 percent to be Bosniaks (no difference), and 0.44 percent to be Vlachs (0.47 percent).

Last Updated: Apr 18, 2022

tons of additional operating capacity was achieved by the Macedonian Railways Transport Company between 2004-10, thanks to the Railways Reform Project.

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