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Resource Guide: Nepal’s Journey from Post-Earthquake Reconstruction to Resilience

In Nepal, post-earthquake reconstruction processes ensured livelihood and economic recovery of earthquake-affected people and strengthened their resilience to future shocks and stresses.

World Bank Group


On April 25, 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake devastated Nepal, followed less than one month later by a 7.3 magnitude earthquake. Together, the earthquakes took 8,970 lives, left thousands homeless, and impacted 8 million people. A Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA), supported by the World Bank and other development partners, estimated the physical damage to be around $7 billion.


"The 2015 earthquake took away everything I had. But I now have a better house. That is an improvement"
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Sun Maya Tamang
Housing grant recipient


The World Bank provided the largest financial support to the Government of Nepal on post-earthquake recovery and reconstruction through the Earthquake Housing Reconstruction Project (EHRP). One of the largest post-disaster owner-driven housing reconstruction initiatives in the world, the $700 million IDA credit and $34.45 million Multi-donor Trust Fund supported by the Governments of Canada, United States, Switzerland, and United Kingdom, built over 300,000 houses, and provided technical assistance to communities and local governments for a resilient recovery.