Overall, highlights of the Bank’s support in countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence include:
In Colombia, the World Bank supported the government’s efforts in protection, formalization and restitution of land rights, particularly to those displaced by the decades of conflict. From 2002 to 2014, Protection Land and Patrimony of Internally Displaced Persons Project responded to 173,756 requests for protection of land assets from internally displaced persons, conferred 1,337 titles to occupants, contributed to the regulation of the Land Restitution Law and decrees for ethnic minorities, and received 72,623 requests for land restitution.
In the West Bank, the “Masar Ibrahim/Abraham Path: Economic Development across Fragile Communities” project helped create jobs and opportunities to generate income for local people living along the famous Abraham Path. Specifically, the project provided tour guide certifications and hospitality training and supported creation of hikers’ resources such as maps, accommodation and transportation information and promotional materials to educate travelers about the Abraham Path. Around 300 local people have been trained in different tourism activities and more than 800 are benefiting. Besides, the project has created a partnership between local councils and associations, youth groups, women’s groups and NGOs – particularly important in conflict affected countries where the social fabric of communities is often torn.
In Africa, the World Bank helps countries adopt community-driven development (CDD) approaches to tackle fragility, from conflict and coups to locust attacks, drought and displacement. Following a coup in 2009, Madagascar used CDD for an emergency rice production project in response to drought, flooding, and a locust invasion that struck at the same time. Local community leaders were trained in skills to manage the project, from pesticide use to accounting, and the community took responsibility for irrigation system maintenance by pooling their own money. After civil war and prolonged insecurity, Cote d’Ivoire used CDD to establish services in war-torn communities where there was little government presence or trust. Communities divided by conflict were brought together to building infrastructure.
In Haiti, a Nutritional Security and Safety Nets project provided support to families in the areas of nutritional security, social protection, and disability services. The project’s assessments led to the development of a national nutrition policy and the conceptualization of a national framework to address malnutrition and food insecurity. They also contributed to (i) the development of a national targeting tool, which will allow the Government to identify the poorest and most vulnerable Haitians, and (ii) the design and implementation of the Kore Fanmi service delivery model. Kore Fanmi has, so far, reached 65,000 citizens (13,000 families) in three rural communes in the Center department and has provided vaccinations, nutrition services, oral rehydration salts, long-lasting insecticide-treated malaria bed nets, and life-saving commodities (such as soap, water treatment tablets, micronutrients, and food supplements) to poor and vulnerable families.
In Kosovo, under the World-Bank supported Kosovo’s Real Estate Cadastre and Registration Project, cadaster offices around Kosovo are being renovated and equipped to provide more efficient services to the public. Some of the updated tools include a new positioning system that receives satellite signals and provides data for GPS equipment able to immediately verify registered land measurements remotely. As part of the project, staff in the cadaster offices have received training in better management, planning, legal, technical, and administrative skills.
In Timor-Leste, the World Bank is helping the government make cash transfers more efficient, as the country is building a social safety net to protect the most vulnerable people after emerging from the ashes of destruction to progress as a fully-fledged nation-state. Under the Social Protection Administration Project, the Ministry of Social Solidarity developed an information system to improve the implementation of the social programs by integrating the databases of three existing cash transfer programs. The new system allows cross-checks and updates, monitoring transactions, facilitating payments, allowing grievance management and generating reports on program implementation.
In Yemen, a Labor Intensive Public Works project has provided temporary employment for a total of about 2.16 million people living in 20 districts across Yemen’s 21 governorates. The project has also provided over 800,000 people better access to primary health services; helped more than 250,000 students enroll in school; given over 245,000 people more access to water; provided over 325,000 people access to water harvesting; given more than 1 million people access to paved roads and streets; helped nearly 5,000 people, mostly women, receive vocational training.
In Afghanistan, health projects funded by the World Bank and development partners benefited largely women and children, who make up the most vulnerable part of the Afghan society and had the least access to care and the greatest health needs. As a result, prenatal care coverage is now 39%, up from 6% in 2003, and institutional deliveries are now at 43%, up from 7% in 2004. The maternal mortality rate dropped from 1,600 per 100,000 births in 2000 to 327 in 2010. Contraceptive use has increased from 5.1% for rural areas in 2003 to 20% in 2011. The fertility rate has dropped by almost 20% from 6.3 in 2000 to 5.1 in 2010. Under-5 mortality has dropped from 257 per 1,000 live births in 2002 to 97 per 1,000 in 2012. Full immunization coverage in rural areas tripled from 11% in 2003 to 30% in 2010/11.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), working with the United Nations and the government, the World Bank helped finance a regional peace process, demobilize the Congolese armed forces, reintegrate ex-combatants into society, and strengthen domestic institutions. Under the National Program for Demobilization and Reintegration, over 100,000 weapons were collected, 31,738 children were demobilized and reunited with parents, and over 100,000 ex-combatants were demobilized, most of whom received reintegration assistance.
Last Updated: Sep 24, 2015