World Development Report

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WDR Reports

  • Upcoming WDR 2017

    Governance and the Law

    The upcoming WDR 2017 on Governance and the Law will examine the institutional foundations of a well-functioning state, and address two sets of issues facing the development community: The complicated interaction between economic development and the quality of governance; and the persistence of gaps between intended governance reforms and the reality on the ground.  Read More »

  • Upcoming WDR 2016

    Internet for Development

    The upcoming World Development Report 2016 on The Internet and Development will assemble the best available evidence on the Internet’s potential impact on economic growth, on equity, and on the efficiency of public service provision. The report will analyze what factors have allowed some governments, firms and households to benefit from the Internet, and identify the barriers that limit gains elsewhere.  Read More »

  • WDR 2015

    Mind, Society, and Behavior

    The World Development Report 2015 shows how a richer view of human behavior can help achieve development. It shows how a more subtle view of human behavior provides new tools for interventions.  Read More »

  • WDR 2014

    Risk and Opportunity

    The 2014 World Development Report examines how improving risk management can lead to larger gains in development and poverty reduction. It argues that improving risk management is crucial to reduce the negative impacts of shocks and hazards, but also to enable people to pursue new opportunities for growth.  Read More »

  • WDR 2013


    The 2013 World Development Report on Jobs helps explain and analyze the connection between jobs and important dimensions of economic and social development. It provides analytical tools to identify the obstacles to sustained job creation and examine differences in the nature of jobs.  Read More »

  • WDR 2012

    Gender Equality and Development

    The 2012 World Development Report on Gender Equality and Development finds that women's lives around the world have improved dramatically, but gaps remain in many areas. The authors use a conceptual framework to examine progress to date, and then recommend policy actions.  Read More »

  • WDR 2011

    Conflict, Security, and Development

    Conflict causes human misery, destroys communities and infrastructure, and can cripple economic prospects. The goal of this World Development Report is to contribute concrete, practical suggestions to the debate on how to address and overcome violent conflict and fragility.  Read More »

  • WDR 2010

    Development and Climate Change

    The main message of the report is that a "climate-smart" world is possible if we act now, act together, and act differently.  Read More »

  • WDR 2009

    Reshaping Economic Geography

    Places do well when they promote transformations along the dimensions of economic geography: higher densities as cities grow; shorter distances as workers and businesses migrate closer to density; and fewer divisions as nations lower their economic borders and enter world markets to take advantage of scale and trade in specialized products. WDR 2009 2009 concludes that the transformations along these three dimensions of density, distance, and division are essential for development and should be encouraged.  Read More »

  • WDR 2008

    Agriculture for Development

    In the 21st century, agriculture continues to be a fundamental instrument for sustainable development and poverty reduction. WDR 2008 concludes that agriculture alone will not be enough to massively reduce poverty, but it is an essential component of effective development strategies for most developing countries.  Read More »

  • WDR 2007

    Development and the Next Generation

    Developing countries which invest in better education, healthcare, and job training for their record numbers of young people between the ages of 12 and 24 years of age, could produce surging economic growth and sharply reduced poverty, according to this report.  Read More »

  • WDR 2006

    Equity and Development

    Inequality of opportunity, both within and among nations, sustains extreme deprivation, results in wasted human potential and often weakens prospects for overall prosperity and economic growth, concludes this report.  Read More »

  • WDR 2005

    A Better Investment Climate for Everyone

    Accelerating growth and poverty reduction requires governments to reduce the policy risks, costs, and barriers to competition facing firms of all types - from farmers and micro-entrepreneurs to local manufacturing companies and multinationals - concludes this report.  Read More »

  • WDR 2004

    Making Services Work for Poor People

    his report warns that broad improvements in human welfare will not occur unless poor people receive wider access to affordable, better quality services in health, education, water, sanitation, and electricity. Without such improvements, freedom from illness and from illiteracy — two of the most important ways poor people can escape poverty — will remain elusive to many.  Read More »

  • WDR 2003

    Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World

    Without better policies and institutions, social and environmental strains may derail development progress, leading to higher poverty levels and a decline in the quality of life for everybody, according to this report.  Read More »

  • WDR 2002

    Building Institutions for Markets

    Weak institutions — tangled laws, corrupt courts, deeply biased credit systems, and elaborate business registration requirements — hurt poor people and hinder development, according to this report.  Read More »

  • WDR 2000–2001

    Attacking Poverty

    This report focuses on the dimensions of poverty, and how to create a better world, free of poverty. The analysis explores the nature, and evolution of poverty, and its causes, to present a framework for action.  Read More »

  • WDR 1999–2000

    Entering the 21st Century

    This report notes that localization--the growing economic and political power of cities, provinces, and other sub-national entities--will be one of the most important new trends in the 21st century.  Read More »

  • WDR 1998–1999

    Knowledge for Development

    This report analyzes the risks and opportunities that the global information revolution is creating for developing countries, and concludes that access to financial, technical, and medical knowledge is crucial to improving the health and living standards of the poor.  Read More »