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Sustainability and Infrastructure

July 14, 2020

Lasting poverty reduction requires sustainable natural resource management as well as infrastructure development. This research program encompasses energy, environment, land, agriculture, water, climate change, biodiversity, and urbanization.

Featured Research


The Evolution of Built-up Areas in Ghana since 1975
Marcel Fafchamps, Forhad Shilpi
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9314, July 2020

How Valuable is the Reliability of Residential Electricity Supply in Low-Income Countries? Evidence from Nepal
Anna Alberini, Jevgenijs Steinbuks, Govinda Timilsina
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9311, June 2020

Trust or Property Rights? Can Trusted Relationships Substitute for Costly Land Registration in West African Cities?
Lucie Letrouit, Harris Selod
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9310, June 2020

Big Data in Transportation: An Economics Perspective
Harris Selod, Souleymane Soumahoro
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9308, June 2020

Implementing Precaution in Benefit-Cost Analysis: The Case of Deep Seabed Mining
Kerry Krutilla, David H. Good, Mike Toman, Tijen Arin
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9307, June 2020

Demystifying the Costs of Electricity Generation Technologies
Govinda R. Timilsina
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9303, June 2020

Power System Implications of Subsidy Removal, Regional Electricity Trade, and Carbon Constraints in MENA Economies
Govinda R. Timilsina and Ilka Fabiana Deluque Curiel
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9297, June 2020

More Working Papers 


Personality Traits, Technology Adoption, and Technical Efficiency: Evidence from Smallholder Rice Farms in Ghana
Daniel Ayalew Ali, Derick Bowen, Klaus Deininger
The Journal of Development Studies, Volume 56, Issue 7: 1330-1348, 2020 | Working Paper Version

Children Left Behind in China: The Role of School Fees
Hai-Anh H. Dang, Yang Huang, Harris Selod
IZA Journal of Development and Migration, Volume 11, Issue 1, March 2020 | Working Paper Version

Co-Location, Socioeconomic Status and Perceptions of Environmental Change in the Indian Sundarbans
Susmita Dasgupta, Bansari Guha, David Wheeler
Ecology, Economy and Society–the INSEE Journal, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2020 | Working Paper Version

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    Raising the Bar for Productive Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Maria Marta Ferreyra and Mark Roberts, eds., with N. Lozano Gracia, P. Restrepo Cadavid, and H. Selod
    This report is about the productivity of cities in LAC and the factors that help to explain its determination. Based on original empirical research, the report documents the high levels of population density and other features of LAC cities that mark them out from those in the rest of the world. The report also studies the role of three key factors – urban form, skills, and access to markets – in determining the productivity of LAC cities.
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    The Challenges of Urbanization in West Africa

    Calix, J., M. Rogy, M. Mukim, Y. Batana, L. Razafimandimby, A. Sanoh, O. Béguy, J. Hoogeveen, A. Zafar, M. Kitzmuller, E. Sergenti, A. Mijiyawa, M. Nshimiyimana, O. Kassim, A.-M. Taptué, I. Touqeer, S. Sánchez, E. Skrok, P. Avner, Christian Van Eghoff, A. Chunet, M. Winter, H. Selod, C. Plançon, O. D’aoust, S. Beddies, Z. Coulibaly, A. Anand and F. Taillandier.
    Bamako represents about 34 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), whereas Conakry and Niamey each represent about 27 percent of GDP in their respective countries. Furthermore, as their populations are increasing at a faster rate than anywhere else in the world, the attendant youth bulge could turn into either a demographic dividend, whereby cities take advantage of a temporary boom in the working age population to productively employ young people, or a demographic disaster, accompanied by urban instability if cities do not meet these aspirations.


Michael Toman

Research Manager, Sustainability and Infrastructure
Research Staff »