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Sustainability and Infrastructure

October 20, 2020

Lasting poverty reduction requires sustainable natural resource management as well as infrastructure development. This research program encompasses energy, environment, land, agriculture, water, climate change, biodiversity, and urbanization.

Featured Research


Supporting Carbon Tax Implementation in Developing Countries through Results-Based Payments for Emissions Reductions
Jon Strand
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9443, October 2020

Global Technology for Local Monitoring of Air Pollution in Dhaka
Susmita Dasgupta, M. Khaliquzzaman, David Wheeler
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9429, October 2020

Modeling and Predicting the Spread of Covid-19: Comparative Results for the United States, the Philippines, and South Africa
Susmita Dasgupta and David Wheeler
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9419, October 2020

Political Reservation and Female Labor Force Participation in Rural India
Klaus Deininger, Songqing Jin, Hari K. Nagarajan, Sudhir K. Singh
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 9350, August 2020

More Working Papers 


Personality Traits, Technology Adoption, and Technical Efficiency: Evidence from Smallholder Rice Farms in Ghana
Daniel Ayalew Ali, Derick Bowen, Klaus Deininger
The Journal of Development Studies 56 (Issue 7): 1330-1348, 2020 | Working Paper Version

Children Left Behind in China: The Role of School Fees
Hai-Anh H. Dang, Yang Huang, Harris Selod
IZA Journal of Development and Migration 11 (Issue 1): March 2020 | Working Paper Version

Co-Location, Socioeconomic Status and Perceptions of Environmental Change in the Indian Sundarbans
Susmita Dasgupta,Bansari Guha, David Wheeler
Ecology, Economy and Society–the INSEE Journal 3 (1), 2020 | Working Paper Version

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    Raising the Bar for Productive Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Maria Marta Ferreyra and Mark Roberts, eds., with N. Lozano Gracia, P. Restrepo Cadavid, and H. Selod
    This report is about the productivity of cities in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and the factors that help to explain its determination. Based on original empirical research, the report documents the high levels of population density and other features of cities that mark them out from those in the rest of the world. The report also studies the role of three key factors – urban form, skills, and access to markets – in determining the productivity of LAC cities.
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    The Challenges of Urbanization in West Africa

    J. Calix, M. Rogy, M. Mukim, and others
    Bamako represents about 34 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), whereas Conakry and Niamey each represent about 27 percent of GDP in their respective countries. Furthermore, as their populations are increasing at a faster rate than anywhere else in the world, the attendant youth bulge could turn into either a demographic dividend, whereby cities take advantage of a temporary boom in the working age population to productively employ young people, or a demographic disaster, accompanied by urban instability if cities do not meet these aspirations.


Michael Toman

Research Manager, Sustainability and Infrastructure, Development Research Group
Research Staff »