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Living Standards Measurement Study

LSMS Publications

The Evolution of COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Panel Survey Data

COVID-19 vaccination rates in Sub-Saharan Africa lag behind other world regions. This paper studies the dynamics of vaccine acceptance, and reasons for hesitancy over time, drawing from multiple rounds of national High-Frequency Phone Surveys Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Malawi, Nigeria, and Uganda, covering the period between 2020 and 2022.


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Guidebook series


Measuring Individuals' Rights to Land: Cognitive Interviewing

Based on experience from Armenia, this document guides survey practitioners in the implementation of cognitive interviewing, specifically as it relates to the survey module designed by the World Bank, FAO, and UN-Habitat for measuring land tenure at the individual level and monitoring SDGs 1.4.2 and 5.a.1.

Policy Research Working Papers

Latest Blogs

Publications (by type)


Designing Household Survey Questionnaires for Developing Countries: Lessons from 15 Years of the Living Standards Measurement Study

Margaret Grosh, Paul Glewwe

The objective of this book is to provide detailed advice on how to design multi-topic household surveys based on the experience of past household surveys. The book will help identify define objectives, identify data needed to analyze objectives, and draft questionnaires to collect such data. 

Volume 1 (PDF) | Volume 2 (PDF) | Volume 3 (PDF)


Agriculture in Africa: telling facts from myths

Luc Christiaensen, Lionel Demery

This book is the outcome of stylized facts set agendas and shape debates. In rapidly changing and data-scarce environments, they also risk being ill-informed, outdated, and misleading. Following higher food prices since the 2008 world food crisis, robust economic growth and rapid urbanization, and climatic change, is conventional wisdom about African agriculture and rural livelihoods still accurate?





C4D2 Brochure

The center for development data (C4D2) is a Rome-based hub for fostering methodological innovation and strengthening capacity in the collection, analysis, and dissemination of household surveys in low- and middle-income countries.


Agriculture in Africa : Telling Facts from Myths

The agriculture in Africa at the dawn of the 21st century - telling facts from myths project addresses this void, using the LSMS-ISA, which conducts household surveys on 40 percent of the population of Sub-Saharan Africa on multiple topics.