This guide is intended to support cognitive interviewing in preparation for the implementation of the module on measuring land tenure at the individual level, for monitoring SDGs 1.4.2 and 5.a.1, as described in FAO, World Bank, and UN-Habitat (2019). By implementing a cognitive interviewing phase prior to the implementation of the land tenure module, practitioners can, in a cost-effective manner, ensure the module is properly designed and implemented for the specific context. In doing so, they gain an understanding of the way key concepts and questions are understood by respondents and validate the translation of the instruments (as relevant). Findings from the cognitive interviewing phase will ultimately inform questionnaire revisions, which will improve the quality of data collected through the main survey. However, revisions to the module on measuring land tenure should be aimed at minor adaptations for the context and translation, as the questionnaire has been carefully designed to meet the needs of the SDG indicator computation. The guidance provided in this document is based on the cognitive interviewing experience as part of the Armenia Land Tenure and Area (ALTA) study.