Who uses PPPs – Examples of Uses by International Organizations

United Nations

2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Human Development Report

  • Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)
  • Gender Development Index (GDI)

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • The relative value of funding provided annually for education

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

  • The number of children living in poverty, among other indicators


The World Bank

           -    Size of the economy

           -    Poverty rates at international poverty lines

           -    Shared prosperity

           -    Health systems

           -    Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions

           -    Price levels


International Monetary Fund (IMF)


The European Commission


The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

  • Aggregation of the real GDP and its components for the OECD region
  • Research and policy analysis by comparing cross-country macroeconomic aggregates