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Global Flaring and Methane Reduction Partnership (GFMR)

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Global Gas Flaring Data

Individual Flare Sites - Gas Flaring Volumes (mln m3/yr)

Gas Flaring Volume and Oil Production Charts

Our estimates, derived from satellite data, show that 148 billion cubic meters (bcm) of associated gas was flared at upstream oil and gas facilities and LNG liquefaction plants in 2023.

Flaring Indicators by Economy

Satellite data estimates show that the top 9 largest flaring countries in 2023 were Russia, Iran, Iraq, the United States, Venezuela, Algeria, Libya, Nigeria, and Mexico.  These countries accounted for around 75 percent of all gas flared and 46 percent of global oil production.

Imported Flare Gas Index

The Imported Flare Gas (IFG) Index shows how countries importing crude oil are exposed to gas flaring. Preliminary results from the IFG Index show that many large crude oil-importing developed countries are exposed to gas flaring, since they import crude oil from countries that flare large volumes of associated gas.

About our Global Flaring Data

GFMR, in partnership with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Colorado School of Mines, has developed global gas flaring estimates based upon observations from satellites launched in 2012 and 2017. These satellites' advanced sensors detect the heat emitted by gas flares as infrared emissions at global upstream oil and gas facilities. The Colorado School of Mines and GFMR quantify these infrared emissions and calibrate them using country-level data collected by a third-party data supplier, Cedigaz, to produce robust estimates of global gas flaring volumes. 

Annex I countries are defined by The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and includes the industrialized countries that were members of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) in 1992, plus countries with economies in transition (the EIT Parties), including the Russian Federation, the Baltic States, and several Central and Eastern European States. UNFCCC identified the common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities of different parties under Kyoto Protocol where Annex I countries committed to absolute emission reduction or limitation targets, whereas all other (non-Annex I) countries had no such obligations.

A note on methodology: The IFG Index aims to quantify the concept that if, a country is importing crude from producing countries then it is also importing the flaring intensity of these producing countries in proportion to the amount of crude oil imported. The methodology to calculate IFG index may be described by following formula(s).


Disclaimer: GFMR uses data from satellites operated by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) that scan the globe each day, interpreted with the assistance of The Payne Institute for Public Policy at the Colorado School of Mines, to identify flaring sites and estimate flare volumes. To identify the location of the flaring, the flare data has been combined with metadata, obtained from several sources. Although the metadata is updated on a regular basis, changes may have taken place since the last update. If you believe a flaring field is misidentified, please contact us with the corrected data. GFMR has made every reasonable effort to ensure the data used and displayed has been obtained from reputable and reliable sources. GFMR and the World Bank are not responsible for any errors, omissions, or for the results obtained from the use of this information.

Data Sources:

Global Flaring Data Resources

Contact us

For more information about GFMR, to join the partnership, or discuss collaboration opportunities, please contact us.

GFMR Gas Flaring Definitions

  • Gas flare in desert
    This document groups the various types of gas flaring at oil production facilities in three defined categories: routine flaring, safety flaring, and non-routine flaring.

Methodology for Determining Flare Volumes from Satellite Data

  • PDF
    GFMR, in partnership with NOAA and the Colorado School of Mines, has developed global gas flaring estimates based upon observations from a satellite launched in 2012.

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    Adam Pollard