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Located off the southeast coast of Africa, neighboring the French island of La Reunion, Mauritius is an island state of about 1.3 million people. The country’s economy has made great strides since independence in 1968, and is now classified as a high-income country. Key challenges include managing the transition to a knowledge-based economy and adapting to the impacts of climate change. 

Political Context 

Mauritius is a multi-party parliamentary democracy. Shifting coalitions are a feature of politics in the country. The President is the head of state, while the Prime Minister has full executive powers and heads the government. General elections were held November 7, 2019. The result was a victory for the Mauritian Alliance (a coalition of the Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), Muvman Liberater, Alan Ganoo Movement and Plateforme Militante), which won 42 of the 70 seats. Pravind Jugnauth of the MSM remained Prime Minister.


Recent Economic Developments 

Mauritius has recently become a High-Income Country (July 2020).  It reached this milestone in one of the worst years in its history due to the global COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic, which has wreaked havoc on its economy. The effects of COVID-19 have reversed recent gains in poverty reduction and female labor force participation. The country faced a steep recession in 2020.Gradual recovery is expected for 2021, but remains subject to significant downside risks, including a prolonged pandemic or failure to address longstanding structural constraints to investment, competitiveness, and skills development. The fiscal outlook depends heavily on a timely unwinding of COVID-19-support measures and a reform of the public pension system.

Last Updated: Mar 18, 2021

What's New


Mauritius: Commitments by Fiscal Year (in millions of dollars)*

*Amounts include IBRD and IDA commitments
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Additional Resources

Country Office Contacts

Main Office Contact
+230 203 2500
For general information and inquiries
Rafael Saute
Sr. External Affairs Officer
Maputo, Mozambique
For project-related issues and complaints