Situated in the Indian Ocean, northwest of Mayotte and Madagascar, the archipelago of
After being absent from the political scene for 10 years, Azali Assoumani won the most recent presidential elections in 2016. With a stable political context, the Government has introduced a series of fiscal and structural reforms.
The economy of
The economic outlook is encouraging. GDP growth is expected to increase to 2.5% in 2017, above the 1% recorded in 2015 and 2.2% in 2016. In the medium term, growth is expected to stabilize around 2.7%, underpinned by the dynamism of the private and public sectors.
Opportunities to develop the private sector exist in
Improvement of public expenditure is also critical for the development of
According to the last household survey conducted in 2014, almost 18% of the population lives under the international poverty line set at $1.9 per capita per day. The incidence of poverty, which varies considerably from one island to another, seems highest in rural areas and on the island of Mohéli. There is considerable inequality, with a Gini index of 44.9.
The Comoros, which was ranked 159 (out of 188) on the U.N.’s Human Development Index in 2015, must focus its efforts on combating hunger and malnutrition.
In 2012, almost 32% of children under the age of five, particularly in rural areas, suffered from chronic malnutrition and stunted growth.
Furthermore, infant mortality is relatively high, with a rate of 36 per 1,000 births for children under the age of one and 15 per 1,000 births for children under the age of five, recorded in 2012.
The maternal mortality rate is 172 per 100,000 births.
Last Updated: Dec 05, 2017