Building Institutions: The Tackling Afghanistan’s Government HRM and Institutional Reforms is a follow-on the Capacity Building for Results Facility and will assist the Government of Afghanistan to deliver its key policy priorities through merit-based recruitment and administrative reforms in 16 line ministries. The project will support up to a total of 1,500 new civil service positions to enable the ministries to meet their objectives and deliver on their priorities.
The Eshteghal Zaiee - Karmondena Project aims to strengthen the enabling environment for economic opportunities in cities where there is a high influx of displaced people. The project will support actions to increase returnees' access to civil documents, provide short-term employment opportunities, improve market enabling infrastructure, and support investor-friendly regulatory reforms.
Education: The Higher Education Development Project (HEDP) aims to increase access to higher education in Afghanistan, as well as improve its quality and relevance. HEDP uses an Investment Project Financing instrument based on the Results-based Financing modality. Enrollment in key priority disciplines (those that contribute to economic and social development) has increased substantially from 64,200 at the project baseline to about 81,900 this year. The special focus on increasing female enrollment has also paid substantial dividends with female enrollment increasing from 11,400 to approximately 16,900 for the current academic year.
The Skills Development Program project supports the Government of Afghanistan in its strategy to build market relevant vocational and technical skills for economic growth and development. Building on the former Afghanistan Skills Development Project, this program will continue to strengthen the Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) institutional system, improve performance of TVET schools and institutes, and improve teacher competencies. Under the Afghanistan Second Skills Development Program, 100 national occupational skills standards have been benchmarked to an international level with the support of an international certification agency, and corresponding curricula developed for 15 trades.
The project is financing an academic partnership contract with Pune University in India, where 20 faculty members from the National Institute of Management and Administration and other TVET institutes are enrolled to pursue master’s degrees in ICT, commerce, and business administration. 24 teachers have enrolled at REVA University in India (for one-year training courses in Accounting and Business Administration). An additional 61 teachers have been selected following the last round of teacher assessment and will be joining Sam Higginbottom University in India shortly for one-year capacity building in Agronomy and Horticulture.
A series of memorandum of understanding is also being finalized with other host institutions in India to provide one-year diploma courses in specific trades to some 200 technical and vocational education and training (TVET) teachers selected through a competitive process. In addition, over 522 TVET graduates have been supported with scholarships through a voucher program, which facilitates further professional studies for meritorious students who have graduated from TVET institutes.
Financial Sector: The Access to Finance Project aims to build institutional capacity to improve access to credit of micro, small, and medium enterprises. The Microfinance Investment Support Facility for Afghanistan (MISFA) has initiated a series of activities, in particular the scaling up of the Targeting the Ultra Poor (TUP) program. The TUP program has been completed in four provinces (Balkh, Kunar, Laghman, and Takhar) and is ongoing in two more provinces (Kabul and Kandahar).
The TUP has been scaled up to reach close to 4,000 additional households in two more provinces (Parwan and Nangarhar), The two TUP projects are expected to be completed the end-June 2021.
Health: Bringing most of the efforts in public health service delivery under one umbrella in Afghanistan, the Sehatmandi (Health) Project aims to increase the utilization and quality of health, nutrition, and family planning services across Afghanistan. The project supports implementation of a Basic Package of Health Services and an Essential Package of Hospital Services through contracting arrangements across the country. Sehatmandi also supports efforts to strengthen the capacity of the Ministry of Public Health at central and provincial levels to effectively carry out its stewardship functions.
Health indicators saw an improvement with the support of the System Enhancement for Health Action in Transition Program, the precursor of the Sehatmandi Project. For example, the newborn mortality rate fell 32 percent from 53 to 23 per 1,000 live births from 2003 to 2018; the number of functioning health facilities increased from 496 in 2002 to more than 2,800 in 2018, while the proportion of facilities with female staff increased; and births attended by skilled health personnel among the lowest income quintile increased from 14.9 percent to 58.8 percent.
Horticulture and Livestock: The ARTF supported the National Horticulture and Livestock Project to promote the adoption of improved technologies by target farmers in the horticultural sector and to support the livestock sector, with gradual rollout of farmer-centric agricultural services systems and investment support. The project has financed the establishment of 32,520 hectares (ha) of new pistachio and fruit orchards in 34 provinces. In addition, over 32,000 ha of existing orchards have been rehabilitated and some 143,000 kitchen gardening schemes established.
The project has also supported construction of 13,54 small water harvesting structures, improving farmers’ resilience to weather changes by allowing harvest and storage of water during the rainy season and gradual release in the growing period based on crop needs. Over 2015 raisin drying houses has been constructed on a cost-sharing basis to reduce post-harvest losses of grapes and improve the quality of raisins produced.
Regarding livestock activities, NHLP continues to focus on key activities, including poultry production and animal health and extension services, while expanding work programs to other areas such as fishery and dairy. To date, the project has supported 205,360 livestock farmers (136,088 women and 69,272 men), clustering them into producers’ groups to benefit from animal production and health services.
Irrigation: With over 85 percent of rural population relying on agriculture, irrigation remains a pressing need in rural Afghanistan. The Irrigation Restoration and Development Project (IRDP) envisages support to rehabilitate irrigation systems serving some 215,000 hectares of land and for the design of a limited number of small multi-purpose dams and related works, while establishing hydro-meteorological facilities and services. In the irrigation component, a total of 200 irrigation schemes has been rehabilitated, covering over 284,940 hectares of irrigation command area (compared to the end project target of 215,000 hectares and over 425,000 farmer).
In the small dam component, a pre-feasibility review of 22 small dams resulted in a feasibility study being conducted on the six best ranked dams in the northern river basin (which is not on international rivers). In the hydro-met component, installation of 127 hydrological stations and 56 snow and meteorological stations located in various locations on the five river basins in the country is ongoing. In addition, 40 cableway stations for flow measurement at selected hydrology stations have been installed, and the installation of 30 cableways are ongoing.
The Afghanistan On-Farm Water Management Project works to improve agricultural productivity in project areas by enhancing the efficiency of water use. Over 500 km of irrigation canals (186 km planned) serving around 58,000 hectares (ha) of land have been rehabilitated and 614 irrigation associations (500 planned) established. Land-leveling activities have also started commercially, with over 700 ha of land laser-leveled in three provinces. The Farmer Call Center is fully functional, providing technical advice to nearly 13, 000 farmers and herders to date.
Rural Enterprise: Improving access to basic services and facilities through secondary and tertiary roads, the Afghanistan Rural Access Project will increase the number of people living within two kilometers (km) of feeder roads and reduce travel time to essential services. To date, more than 3,270 km of rural roads and related drainage structures have been upgraded or rehabilitated through four projects under these programs financed through IDA, ARTF, and other funds.
The Women's Economic Empowerment–Rural Development Project is a follow-on project to the Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Project (AREDP) that aims to increase social and economic empowerment of poor rural women in selected communities. It will engage in 76 districts and 5,000 villages in all 34 provinces across Afghanistan. The project has begun mobilization through new Community Development Councils in the five provinces previously covered under AREDP. Around 440 self-help groups (SHGs) for women are receiving their initial training. The project continues to support business development in the areas previously covered by Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Program.
Social Service Delivery: The Citizens’ Charter Afghanistan Project (Citizens’ Charter) is the successor to the highly successful National Solidarity Programme (NSP), which introduced a community-driven development approach toward rural infrastructure and service delivery and reached about 35,000 communities over 14 years. The Citizens’ Charter supports the first phase of the Government of Afghanistan’s 10-year Citizens’ Charter National Program and will target one-third of the country. The Citizens’ Charter aims to improve the delivery of core infrastructure and social services to participating communities through strengthened Community Development Councils (CDCs). These services are part of a minimum service standards package that the government is committed to delivering to the citizens of Afghanistan.
Implementation progress includes:
In rural areas: Over 11,822 community profiles (CPs) completed; more than 11,752 new CDCs elected; over 11,567 Community Development Plans (CDPs) completed; and more than 12,012 sub-project proposals prepared.
In urban areas: Implementation has been rolled out in over 850 communities. A total of 850 CPs completed; 849 CDCs elected; 913 CDPs completed; and 913 sub-project proposals (SPs) financed for 823 CDCs, and 433 SPs completed.
Results expected under the first phase of the Citizens’ Charter include: (i) 10 million Afghans reached; (ii) 3.4 million people gaining access to clean drinking water; (iii) improvements to quality of service delivery in health, education, rural roads, and electrification; (iv) increase in citizen satisfaction and trust in government; and (v) 35 percent return on investment for infrastructure projects.
Urban Development: The Kabul Municipal Development Program increases access to basic urban services in certain residential areas of Kabul City. Over 1.49 million people (about 73 percent women and children) have benefited from the construction of about 770 kilometers of neighborhood roads, 590 kilometers of community drains, and 36 kilometers trunk roads.
The Kabul Urban Transport Efficiency Improvement Project aims to improve road conditions and traffic flow on select corridors of Kabul city. To date, nine civil works contracts, totaling 32 kilometers of roadway, have been completed and the roads opened to traffic.
Last Updated: Apr 01, 2020