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publication January 25, 2023

Afghanistan Economic Monitor


Photo Credit: Trent Inness / Shutterstock

The World Bank has been closely monitoring the evolving economic situation in Afghanistan and has been regularly producing economic monitoring reports.

The World Bank Afghanistan Economic Monitor provides a summary of the latest economic developments and key economic indicators. Drawing from a range of data sources, including real-time data collection by the World Bank’s Third-Party Monitoring Agent, the Economic Monitor provides up-to-date information on trends in prices, exchange rates, availability of key household items, and the operations of financial sector institutions. The Economic Monitor will be published monthly (or more frequently as developments warrant) and may be useful to all audiences seeking to understand current economic conditions and trends across the Afghan economy.

Afghanistan Economic Monitor 25 January 2023

Where does the economy stand one year after the crisis?

The headline CPI inflation continues its downward trend as headline year-on-year (YoY) inflation in November 2022 decelerated to 9.1 percent from its peak of 18.3 percent in July 2022. The AFN to US$ exchange rate has been stable at around 87-89 during the last few months. Demand for skilled and unskilled labor has been declining since the beginning of the winter, as heavy snow and cold weather result in a decline in agriculture, construction, and allied activities in most parts of the country. The data collected by Third-Party Monitoring Agent shows that the civil servants’ salaries are paid on time for both men and women. Revenue collection remains strong and reached AFN135.9 billion (US$ 1.54 billion) between March 22, 2021, and December 21, 2022, in line with 2020 results. Export performance remains strong as during Jan – Nov 2022, Afghanistan exported US$1.7 billion worth of goods, compared to US$ 0.9 billion and US$ 0.8 billion for the full years 2021 and 2020.