Selected World Bank Achievements in Afghanistan
Social Service Delivery: The Citizens’ Charter Afghanistan Project (CCAP) is the successor to the highly successful National Solidarity Programme (NSP), which introduced a community-driven development approach toward rural infrastructure and service delivery and reached about 35,000 communities over the past 14 years. CCAP’s objective is to improve the delivery of core infrastructure and social services to participating communities through strengthened Community Development Councils. These services are part of a minimum service standards package that the government is committed to delivering to the citizens of Afghanistan. CCAP aims to contribute to the government’s long-term goals of reducing poverty and deepening the relationship between citizens and the state.
By now, CCAP implementation is progressing systematically, with key staffing for both implementing agencies completed and recruitment of all but one Facilitating Partner (FP) finalized. Social mobilization has begun in 1,051 rural communities, with 243 communities having completed community profiles, 132 having finished CDC elections, and 61 having finalized Community Development Plans (CDPs). FPs in urban areas have established 18 CDCs (four each in Herat, Jalalabad, and Kandahar, and six in Mazar-e-Sharif).
Education: The Education Quality Improvement Program (EQUIP), currently in its second phase, aims to increase equitable access to quality basic education, especially for girls. Program interventions are primarily targeted toward general education, teacher training, and education management. The program is fully aligned with the Afghanistan National Education Strategic Plan and supports the institutional development of the Ministry of Education’s program staff. Funds are directed through School Management Shuras (councils), functioning in 14,932 schools. EQUIP II has supported the construction of 1,137 schools and six teacher training colleges (TTCs). Under EQUIP II, 16,588 schools have received Quality Enhancement Grants for purchase of school supplies, laboratory equipment, and other resources. Moreover, 154,811 teachers have been trained under the In-Service Teacher Training (INSET) courses 1-5, of whom 35 percent are women.
The Skills Development Program revived two key institutions in Kabul: the National Institute of Management and Administration (NIMA) that prepares young professionals to acquire junior-level jobs in the public and private sectors; and the National Institute of Music that trains gifted young musicians, establishing a nurturing platform for music in the country. Under the Afghanistan Second Skills Development Program, 100 national occupational skills standards (NOSS) have been benchmarked to an international level with the support of an international certification agency, and corresponding curricula developed for 15 trades.
Over 35 institutes have benefited from two rounds of a Recognition Grant, while an additional eight institutes have been selected for a Development Grant, which supports reforms to improve academic management, school administration, linkages with local industries, and curriculum revision. In addition, over 522 Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) graduates have been supported with scholarships through a voucher program, which facilitates further professional studies for meritorious students that graduate from TVET institutes.
Health: Bringing most of the efforts in public health service delivery under one umbrella in Afghanistan, the World Bank’s System Enhancement for Health Action in Transition (SEHAT) Project aims to support the implementation of a Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) and Essential Package of Hospital Services (EPHS) through contracting arrangements across the country. SEHAT also supports efforts to strengthen the capacity of the Ministry of Public Health at central and provincial levels to effectively carry out its stewardship functions.
Rural Development: Improving access to basic services and facilities through secondary and tertiary roads, the Afghanistan Rural Access Project will increase the number of people living within two kilometers (km) of feeder roads and reduce travel time to essential services. To date, more than 15,000 km of rural roads and related drainage structures have been upgraded or rehabilitated through four projects under these programs financed through IDA, ARTF, and other funds.
Horticulture and Livestock: Building on the 5,300 hectares (ha) of fruit orchards established since 2009 through its predecessor, the National Horticulture and Livestock Project (NHLP) has financed the establishment of 16,750 ha of new pistachio and fruit orchards. In addition, over 90,000 ha of existing orchards have been rehabilitated and some 96,000 kitchen gardening schemes established.
The project has also supported construction of 1,037 small water harvesting structures, improving farmers’ resilience to weather changes by allowing harvest and storage of water during the rainy season and gradual release in the growing period based on crop needs. A total of 997 raisin drying houses has been constructed on a cost-sharing basis to reduce post-harvest losses of grapes and improve the quality of raisins produced.
Regarding livestock activities, NHLP continues to focus on key activities, including poultry production and animal health and extension services, while expanding work programs to other areas such as fishery and dairy. To date, the project has supported 122,800 farmers (78,968 women and 43,872 men), forging them into 5,768 producer groups, including poultry producer groups, to benefit from animal production and health services. It has also extended its activities to new geographical areas under sanitary mandate activities, and is supporting MAIL’s relevant directorate to implement them.
Irrigation: With over 85 percent of rural population relying on agriculture, irrigation remains a pressing need in rural Afghanistan. The Irrigation Restoration and Development Project (IRDP) envisages support to rehabilitate irrigation systems serving some 217,000 hectares of land and design of a limited number of small multi-purpose dams and related works, while establishing hydro-meteorological facilities and services. In the irrigation component, a total of 162 irrigation schemes has been rehabilitated, covering over 165,000 hectares of irrigation command area (compared to the end project target of 215,000 hectares and over 267,000 farmer households).
In the small dam component, a prefeasibility review of 22 small dams resulted in a feasibility study being conducted on the six best ranked dams in the northern river basin (which is not on international rivers). A detailed social and environmental study will be carried out. In the hydro-met component, installation of 127 hydrological stations and 56 snow and meteorological stations located in various locations on the five river basins in the country is ongoing. In addition, 40 cableway stations for flow measurement at selected hydrology stations have been installed.
Rural Enterprise: Since its inception, the Afghanistan Rural Enterprise Development Project (AREDP) has established 5,190 Savings Groups with a membership of some 60,700 rural poor (54 percent women) in 694 villages. The SGs have saved over $4.2 million and members have accessed more than 41,900 internal loans (64 percent by female members) for productive and emergency purposes with a repayment rate of 95 percent.
To generate economies of scale, 505 Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs) have been established as federations of the SGs. The VSLAs maintain accurate and up-to-date records of accounts with a good governance structure in place. On average, each VSLA has $5,780 as loanable capital, which is further boosted with a seed grant injection. This improves access to finance for group members who would like to increase productivity or engage in entrepreneurial activities but cannot access such funds from commercial banks or microfinance institutions.
AREDP also works toward strengthening market linkages and value chains for rural enterprises by providing technical support to 1,336 Enterprise Groups (63 percent female) and 657 (15 percent female) small and medium enterprises that have been selected for their potential as key drivers of rural employment and income generation.
Market Development: The Afghanistan New Market Development Project is piloting a business development program in the four urban centers of Kabul, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Herat, which are the major hubs of economic activity. The project aims to help enterprises gain market knowledge, improve product quality, boost productive capacity, acquire new technologies, and develop and implement business plans to increase their presence in both domestic and export markets.
The Facility for New Market Development (FNMD), created under the project, was officially launched on March 12, 2013. It has received 1,050 applications across the four cities of Kabul, Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Herat. Assistance has been provided to 372 firms (against a revised target of 375) and 53 business associations (against a revised target of 30). The target of creating 1,500 jobs has been met with 1,516 jobs created, of which the target of 5 percent for women has been surpassed at 30.6 percent. Finally, the “product or market diversification” target of 20 has been exceeded with 21 new or improved products introduced and 44 new international markets in 12 countries reached.
Building Institutions: The Capacity Building for Results (CBR) Facility supports government in developing its internal human capacity, organizational structures, and functions over the medium term to improve service delivery to the population. CBR promotes accountability in line ministries by introducing results-based reform and services improvement programs. CBR is also one of the key tools for the government to reduce reliance on external technical assistance and parallel structures. The grant helps finance the costs associated with (i) technical assistance for preparation and implementation of capacity building programs; (ii) recruitment of some 1,500 managerial, common function, and professional staff for key positions in selected line ministries; (iii) a management internship program; (iv) training of civil servants; and (v) project management, monitoring, and evaluation.
CBR is demand driven and open to all line ministries and independent agencies. Based on pre-agreed criteria, including service delivery potential and reform readiness, line ministries and agencies are grouped as either Category 1 (high priority) or Category 2. Of the selected CBR positions, 700 have been contracted to date, 54 of whom are women (6 percent of selected positions), with the remainder 800 contracts at various stages of quality review and approval.
Last Updated: Oct 17, 2017