Transitioning countries away from coal—the world's most dominant and most carbon-intensive source of energy—is crucial to ensuring a clean energy future.
A well-managed retirement of coal power plants and a massive scale-up in clean energy are essential to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the targets of the Paris Agreement.
A "Just Transition for All" initiative puts people and communities at the center of the transition. The initiative works with stakeholders to create the plans, policies, and reforms needed to mitigate environmental impacts, support impacted people, and build a new clean energy future.
The World Bank has decades of experience supporting countries where coal mines and power plants are closing, wherever they are in the transition process. This includes looking at the interdependencies between the decommissioning of coal assets—such as mining, transport, and power plants—and developing renewable energy programs to take their place. Since 1995, we have provided more than $3 billion to support coal transitions.
The World Bank has built an approach based on lessons learned from decades of transition experience.
We help national, regional, and local authorities worldwide develop clear roadmaps focusing on governance structures, the welfare of people and communities, and the remediation and repurposing of former mining lands and coal-fired power plants.
In every region—from the world's largest coal producers and consumers to the smallest—we help governments learn, plan, and implement Just Transition for All principles and practices that put people and the environment at the center of the transition away from coal.
Our approach, and the lessons that guided it, are organized around three focus areas: 1) governance, 2) people and communities, and 3) repurposing of former mining land and other assets.
Each focus area involves a set of plans, policies, and actions that together can mitigate the impact of coal mine closure on affected people and communities. Active stakeholder engagement at each phase of transition and within each focus area is crucial.
With proper planning and strong private sector engagement, a Just Transition for All can help coal regions build a new, low-carbon economic future.
The report offers recommendations on how governments can prepare for job losses that arise from future mine closure and highlights policies to support workers through the transition period and into alternative employment.
This report aims to share with governments lessons learned regarding coal mine closure. The full set of coal mine closure issues is diverse with few positive case studies to date to draw on.
As the global energy transition progresses, regions that produce and consume coal face unique and complex challenges. No matter the global nature of the challenge, successful transition solutions must begin locally and look well beyond simply the question of energy. This was found to be true in the case of Western Macedonia.
This report analyzes the consequences for the labor force of Western Macedonia’s (Greece) decarbonization as part of Europe’s new Green Deal.
Greece is set to invest billions of dollars in coal-dependent areas to help them build back better – and greener. The Greek roadmap for a just transition from coal, supported by the World Bank, calls for the transformation of Western Macedonia into an alternative energy hub.
In the global energy transition, it is important to ensure a fair, "just" transition that enables opportunities for all. In this episode, Christopher Sheldon, expert on the topic, discusses how the right policies can help unlock viable economic opportunities while making the solution socially and environmentally sustainable.
How we deal with the climate change crisis is the defining issue of our time. With proper planning, a Just Transition for All is possible – assisting workers, communities and enterprises towards lower carbon and a cleaner environment. But the time it requires means we must act now.
In Kazakhstan, coal generates more than 70% of electricity and heats more than 95% of households. Kazakhstan' plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions and phase out coal to become carbon neutral by 2060. However, the country will need to focus on a just transition and green jobs. Workers will need to be supported and reskilled to adjust to a green economy. The World Bank is supporting Kazakhstan on the path to green growth.