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This publication was prepared by the Environment, Natural Resources and Blue Economy Global Practice of the World Bank.
Unlocking Nature-Smart Development: An Approach Paper on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services is one of a series of papers by the World Bank Group that outlines the development challenges and opportunities associated with blue and green biodiversity and ecosystem services. The paper makes the case that the rapid global decline in nature is a development issue and proposes six global response areas intended to guide governments and inform broader discussions on how to integrate nature into development agendas. As countries prepare to formulate a set of new biodiversity targets at the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, this paper also offers insights that could inform the design and implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, as well as the World Bank Group’s ongoing support to this agenda.